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The Great Barrier Reef

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on 1 October 2013

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Transcript of The Great Barrier Reef

Come Visit Us At The Great Barrier Reef And See....
Three Abiotic Factors You Will Find Here...
1. Water Temperature:- temperature affects the animals that live in marine ecosystems
EX:- animals that live in coral reefs have adapted to warm areas in order to reproduce
2. Depth and Sunlight:- ocean life is affected by water depth and sunlight that passes into the water
EX: - plant life couldn’t grow and some marine animals would starve to death

Types Of Plants In This Environment
Animals In This Environment
There are many animals that live in the Great Barrier Reef like:-
Be lucky To Find One!!
Where Is The Biome Located
Corals live then they eventually die out. On top of the skeleton, new coral begans to grow on top of that and it becomes a new home to many fish that live there.
These animals have streamlined bodies which help them to move fast and turn quickly. They also have denticles which help them to move through water the water faster by reducing drag from the water around them. They are also counter- shaded for camouflage.
These animals glide at the bottom looking for food. They use their electro receptors to locate their prey. They are camouflaged to prevent predation. They have flat plates on their jaws to crush the shells of their prey before they eat them.
These creatures are shaped of big sausages and have protuberances that act like a body armor for protection. They have tentacles that help the creature to look for particles under the sea.
Sea Cucumbers
Examples Of Cooperation/Competition
One example of commendalism in the coral reef is a whale and a barnacle. When barnacles attach to whales, the whales are not harmed and helped. However, the barnacle gets carried around the ocean which makes it easier for it to find food then if it was stuck in one place. The barnacle eats the bacteria off the whale and the whale gets clean in return.
An example of two organisms involved in mutualism are crabs and sea sponges. Sea sponges live on crabs backs to provide a disguise for the crabs for protection.
One example of parastism is when whales have worms living in them. This benefits the worms because it provides them with food and shelter however it makes the whales sick and causes them harm but not death.
Mutualism, Commensalism, and Parasitism is a common thing that occurs in the reef as well as Cooperation and Competition. See if you can spot one while you are here!
Pursue Your Dreams As Well As Visit Many Other Biomes Or Nearby Locations
Come swimming with the fish or dive in with the dolphins! Take a boat ride down the reef or come surf around the beach. Go snorkeling in the Great Barrier Reef too.

Other "Biomes" To Visit
Visit these amazing places also like the LONE PINE KOALA SANCTUARY the largest koala sanctuary in the world, with over 130 koalas. Also visit Cairns, a tropical paradise renowned for its premier attractions like rainforests.
Try visiting the Australian Daintree Rainforest and the Kuranda Rainforest, full of paradise! As earlier these rainforests are accessible from Cairns. Or interested in deserts visit many vast deserts like the Great Victoria Desert.

Precipitation And Weather In The Great
Barrier Reef
The average precipitation level for the Great Barrier Reef depends on what time of the year it is.
Average Precipitation
January:- 405mm
February:- 434mm
March:- 424mm
April:- 197mm
May:- 99mm
June:- 49mm
July:- 30mm
August:- 27mm
December:- 175mm
Average Rainfall Per Month
Temperature In The Great Barrier Reef
Jan. 88.7 Degrees Fahrenheit
Feb. 87.98 Degrees Fahrenheit
Mar. 86.9 Degrees Fahrenheit
Apr.84.56 Degrees Fahrenheit
May- 81.5 Degrees Fahrenheit
Jun. 82.04 Degrees Fahrenheit
Jul. 78.08 Degrees Fahrenheit
Aug. 79.7 Degrees Fahrenheit
Sept. 82.04 Degrees Fahrenheit
Oct. 84.92 Degrees Fahrenheit
Nov. 87.08 Degrees Fahrenheit
Dec. 88.52 Degrees Fahrenheit
Bring your swimsuit or bring something that you would wear at the beach like skirts or tanktops and for boys bring shorts.
F.Y.I - do not bring jackets this is not Antarctica!
What you should bring:-
Warnings To The Biome
There are many threats to this biome such as over fishing and that results to the death of many species and marine animals and also causes them to be endangered.
Endangered Species
The dugong is another mammal on the list, or perhaps better known as a sea cow
Dugongs are particularly vulnerable to threats and changes to their environment, because they have a very slow breeding rate - maybe only one calf is born to an adult female dugong every 3 to 7 years, and this is after the 10 to 15 or so years that it takes for a female dugong to reach the reproductive age.

These creatures are hunted for their shells, eggs, and meat. They are sometimes hit by boats.Accidently" killed by fishermen and their habitats are being polluted.
Green Sea Turtles
These creatures are hunted as well as accidents with boats occur. Yet the biggest problem to them is being tangled in the fishermen' net.
If this continues then within 20 years they will die
Humpback Whales
Threats To This Biome
There are many threats to this biome such as global warming this can result to the death of coral and many fish or animals do not get their food or shelter and that causes death.
Hunting and fishing causes the death of many marine animals. Sometimes these animals die for their fins or their skin.
Global Importance Of This Biome
This biome should be protected and recognized. Why?
Coral reefs, just like any other ecosystem on our planet, rely on a variety of biotic and abiotic factors to keep them healthy and functional. Without stable temperature, pH,
light/dark cycles, water flow, salinity, and chemical composition of sea water, coral reefs could not exist.
So Keep Them Safe!
Love Your Reef
Coralline algae are made up of masses of very fine thread-like filaments, that spread out in thin layers over the reef rock surface. These filaments produce calcium carbonate thus giving the algae an appearance more like a rock than a plant. The encrusting filaments trap sediments of sand, as well as cement the particles of sand together. Thus coralline algae help to stabilize the coral reef structure.
Seagrass beds are often found in areas where coral reefs grow. Seagrasses have extensive interwoven underground creeping stems with roots attached. These stems are called rhizomes. They anchor the plant in the sandy sea bed and help to keep the sea water clean by filtering and trapping large amounts of fine sediments. These rhizomes also bind the sand on the sea bed and prevent the sand from being carried away by water currents. They are important in preventing beach erosion.
Keep 'em Safe
An example of cooperation is Lampreys spawn in pits that they excavate in shallow freshwater streams. Both contribute to the digging. Each individual lamprey attaches its suctorial oral disc to single stones and moves them away. But sometimes, two individual lampreys fasten their disc to a single large stone and move it together.It is hard to say if this is conscious teamwork or just two fish that happen to latch onto the same rock at the same time.
The Great Barrier Reef is located in Australia and is one of the ten most beautiful places to visit.
So Come Visit Us In Queensland!!

There are many types of plants you will find here like:-
Attractions And Tour Packages
Don't know what to wear or what to bring?
You better not ...
Threats To This Biome ...
Fish trying to find space and shelter in the crevices on the reefs. Because the fish are of about the same size and they live in the same habitat as each other they are competing for the same space.
Impact Of Possible Climate Change
The impact on possible climate change is very severe to many marine animals that live in this environment.
Many animals can die due to the increase in temperature and also the decrease in temperature. The climate they have been used to, and when that changes, they have to migrate other places and leave their habitat. Sometimes they die and this hold up the populations and others die, if that is their prey. Eventually, this holds up the food chain.
Shaped like a short baseball bat approximately 3 feet long. They live in weeds or caves/holes of reefs and lagoons.Their scales of fish form spikes that lie flat against the fish’s body. When threatened, fish gulps water and inflates body, reaching double or triple their normal size. Their spines sick straight out, frightening predators and making the fish extremely difficult to eat.

Porcupine Fish
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