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Gender Roles Presentation by Dawn Giannini
Transcript of Gender Roles Presentation by Dawn Giannini
adopted? What influences shapes perceptions
of gender roles? How might gender identity
change from early childhood
through adolescence? What observable behavior
might indicate changes
in gender identity? Speaker Notes:
Gender stereotypes will inescapably start at a very early age. They develop throughout a child’s growing years in conjunction with the child’s cognitive development. According to Bee & Boyd (2010) many stages of gender stereotypes begin within the child’s immediate environment (parents and caregivers). There are many influences that shape the perceptions of gender roles (culture, media, peers, caregiver, and personality). When some children reach adolescence, they might change their gender identity. Photographs by Dawn Giannini • Age 0-2– immediate environment (parents and caregivers)
• Age 2-5 – children begin to link personality traits and occupations associated with male or females
• Age 5-8 – start to develop same sex friendships
• Age 8-15 –media, peers, or surrounding adults will start to influence their decisions and
• Age 15-19 –gender roles become part of their struggle with developing their identity but at the
same timeunderstand that they are social conventions • Culture - family values and beliefs
• Media - both visual (television and movies) and text (magazines)
• Peer - pressure to “fit in”
• Caregiver - may emphasize their beliefs
• Child’s Personality - may be more susceptible to external influences
(wanting to follow instead of lead) • Attraction to the same sex
• Change in social status
• Change in appearance through clothing
• Change in behavior and adopting
qualities of the “opposite sex” According to Net Industries (2011), “gender roles are socially and culturally defined prescriptions and beliefs about the behavior and emotions of men and women" (Gender - Gender Roles and Stereotypes, para.1). • They start to develop from the earliest stages of life.
• Gender categorization is linked to cognitive development
(his/her understanding of the world around them)
• In a universal sequence – gender identity, gender stability,
and gender constancy Reference:
Bee, H., & Boyd, D. (2010). The developing child (12th ed.) Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Net Industries. (2011). Family Jrank. Retrieved from http://family.jrank.org/pages/686/Gender-Gender-Roles-Stereotypes.html
Pan-American Health Organization. (2011). Fact Sheet of the Program on Women, Health and Development . Retrieved from http://www.paho.org/English/HDP/HDW/childdevelopment.doc