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PAR copy

Lecture
by

Meng Estacio

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of PAR copy

Participatory Action Research Dr Emee Vida Estacio
e.v.g.estacio@keele.ac.uk
PSY20013: Survey and Qualitative Research Methods WHAT IS PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH? PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH METHODS CASES OF PARTICIPATORY ACTION RESEARCH REFLEXIVITY IN PAR Participatory action research (PAR) is...
a research approach that involves collaboration between the researcher and the community with a common aim to ‘identify an area of concern to that community, generate knowledge about that issue, and plan and carry out actions meant to address the issue in some substantive way (Brydon-Miller, 2005, p.188).’ Participation Action Research Community participation is a significant component of PAR.

The community holds the expert knowledge about their situation and what can be done to resolve it.

Members of the community are encouraged to participate in all stages of the process. The ‘action’ element of PAR is the unique component of this research approach.

PAR deliberately aims to provoke social action as a result of the knowledge generated from the research (Marks, Murray, Evans & Estacio, 2010). Grounded within the epistemological principles of critical theory, PAR asserts the relevance of the construction of knowledge and the methods used in the dissemination of such knowledge in the context of the wider social and political structures individuals are being exposed to. Paulo Freire (1921-1997)

The Pedagogy of the Oppressed
The ‘banking’ concept of education
The concept of conscientization PAR encourages critical thinking by allowing the community to take an active role in the process of generating knowledge. World Cafe Photovoice Creative approaches SOURCE: http://www.theworldcafe.com/index.htm Photovoice is ‘a participatory action research strategy by which people create and discuss photographs as a means of catalyzing personal and community change.’

This technique has three main goals:

(1) to encourage people to reflect and record aspects of their own identity and experience;

(2) to enable them to find personal strengths and common cause with like others through sharing and group discussion of their photographs; and

(3) to project a vision of their lives that might educate others, especially power brokers and policy makers, to better understand the realities of their condition. STAGES OF PHOTOVOICE
Recruitment
Photovoice workshop
Taking pictures
Discussing pictures
Exhibition Theatre and art
Mapping exercises
Social diagramming
Power and wealth ranking Healthy Redbridge The Ayta PAR-ALS Healthy Redbridge Healthy Redbridge Who are the Aytas? This involves the researcher’s active recognition of the dynamic nature of research where one situates her/his roles, values, assumptions and social position within the context of the research and how these interact to influence the research process and its outcomes. REFERENCES Stringer, E.T. (2007). Action research (3rd ed). London: Sage.
Marks, D.F., Murray, M., Evans, B., and Estacio, E.V. (2010). Health psychology: Theory, research and practice (3rd ed). London: Sage.
Hodgetts, D., Drew, N., Sonn, C., Stotle, O., Nikora, L.W., & Curtis, C. (2010). Social psychology and everyday life. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Murray, M. (ed.) (2004). Critical health psychology. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.
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