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Poetry Analysis by Michaela Taylor
Transcript of Poetry Analysis by Michaela Taylor
By Richard Lovelace Biography *Richard Lovelace was born into an old and wealthy Kentish family in 1618 in Woolwich.
*He was the eldest son of Sir William Lovelace who was killed in action in 1627.
*He was educated at the Charterhouse and at Gloucester Hall, Oxford, where he matriculated in 1634.
*. Before the outbreak of the civil war in 1642 his only active service was in the bloodless expedition which ended in the Pacification of Berwick in 1640.
*He was one of the most distinguished of the company of courtly poets gathered around Queen Henrietta and was known as the cavalier poet.
*Lovelace wrote a comedy, The Scholar, when he was sixteen, and a tragedy, The Soldier, when he was twenty-one.
*Lovelace was committed to the Gatehouse at Westminster, a prison, for presenting to the Commons in 1642 a petition from Kentish royalists in the king's favor. It was then that he wrote his most famous song, "To Althea from Prison."
*He was liberated, after seven weeks, on bail of £40,000 (more probably £4000), and throughout the civil war was a prisoner on parole.
*The last ten years of Lovelace's life were passed in obscurity. His fortune had been exhausted in the king's interest, and he is said to have been supported by the generosity of friends.
*He died in 1658 "in a cellar in Longacre", according to Aubrey, who, however, possibly exaggerates his poverty.
* A volume of Lovelace's Posthume Poems was published in 1659 by his brother Dudley. They are of inferior merit to his own collection. Analysis Paraphrase The persona in "To Althea, from Prison" says that though he is in prison, he is freer than the birds in the air, the fish in the sea. He then says he is free to sing about how great the king is. The poem ends with the persona by saying that he is free though he is in prison, and only the angels enjoy as much freedom as he does. Identify the Theme The mind cannot be imprisoned regardless of one's physical situation. Technique Technique Technique When Love with unconfinèd wings
Hovers within my gates,
And my divine Althea brings
To whisper at the grates;
When I lie tangled in her hair 5
And fetter'd to her eye,
The birds that wanton in the air
Know no such liberty. When flowing cups run swiftly round
With no allaying Thames, 10
Our careless heads with roses bound,
Our hearts with loyal flames;
When thirsty grief in wine we steep,
When healths and draughts go free—
Fishes that tipple in the deep 15
Know no such liberty. When, like committed linnets, I
With shriller throat shall sing
The sweetness, mercy, majesty,
And glories of my King; 20
When I shall voice aloud how good
He is, how great should be,
Enlargèd winds, that curl the flood,
Know no such liberty. Stone walls do not a prison make, 25
Nor iron bars a cage;
Minds innocent and quiet take
That for an hermitage;
If I have freedom in my love
And in my soul am free, 30
Angels alone, that soar above,
Enjoy such liberty. "When I lie tangled in her hair/And fetter'd to her eye" The persona uses imagery in this line to allow the reader to picture his sweet Althea coming to visit him. "Our careless heads with roses bound,/Our hearts with loyal flames;" Personification in these lines allows the reader to understand the passion the persona has in his head and heart for the freedom he says he feels. "Know no such liberty....Know no such liberty....Know no such liberty.... Enjoy such liberty." Repetition of the last line of each stanza gives the poem a uniform structure and allows the reader to follow the thought patterns of the persona. Structure Syntax Rhyme Scheme Type of Poem Life in a Love
By Robert Browning Biography *Robert Browning was born on May 7, 1812, in Camberwell, England.
*His father, who worked as a bank clerk, was also an artist, scholar, antiquarian, and collector of books and pictures.
*Much of Browning's education came from his well-read father.
*At the age of twelve he wrote a volume of Byronic verse entitled Incondita, which his parents attempted, unsuccessfully, to have published.
*In 1828, Browning enrolled at the University of London, but he soon left, anxious to read and learn at his own pace.
*In 1833, Browning anonymously published his first major published work, Pauline. He also tried his hand at drama but his plays were unsuccessful.
*After reading Elizabeth Barrett's Poems (1844) and corresponding with her for a few months, Browning met her in 1845. They were married in 1846, against the wishes of Barrett's father.
*Lived in Pisa and Florence and London.
*Had a son named Robert "Pen" Browning in 1849.
*Browning went on to publish Dramatis Personae (1863), and The Ring and the Book (1868). The latter, based on a seventeenth-century Italian murder trial, received wide critical acclaim.
*Robert Browning died on the same day that his final volume of verse, Asolando, was published, in 1889. Escape me?
While I am I, and you are you,
So long as the world contains us both,
Me the loving and you the loth
While the one eludes, must the other pursue.
My life is a fault at last, I fear:
It seems too much like a fate, indeed!
Though I do my best I shall scarce succeed.
But what if I fail of my purpose here?
It is but to keep the nerves at strain,
To dry one's eyes and laugh at a fall,
And, baffled, get up and begin again,---
So the chase takes up one's life ' that's all.
While, look but once from your farthest bound
At me so deep in the dust and dark,
No sooner the old hope goes to ground
Than a new one, straight to the self-same mark,
I shape me---
Removed! Analysis Paraphrase The persona in this poem is saying that the most important thing is for him and his love to be together. He also says that though he may make mistakes he should just laugh them off and try again. Interpretation *The first stanza is saying he is freer than a bird in the air.
*The second stanza is saying he is freer than fish in the sea.
*The third stanza is saying that he is free to sing praises to his king.
*The fourth stanza is an epiphany of sorts where he makes a deceleration that only the angels flying around in heaven can understand how free he is. Identify the Theme When someone is in love, no matter what mistakes they make or what bad things happen hope always sprouts again. Interpretation Love provides hope no matter what the situation. Technique Technique Technique "Escape me?/Never—/Beloved! While I am I, and you are you,/So long as the world contains us both," Browning uses punctuation, including commas, exclamation points, question marks and dashes, to give the poem an inconsistent meter when reading. He does this to represent the difficulties of which he speaks in his poem. "But what if I fail of my purpose here?/It is but to keep the nerves at strain,/To dry one's eyes and laugh at a fall," This is a metaphor used to compare the failures of life to falling down. "I shall scarce succeed." There is alliteration throughout the entire poem which gives the reader a sense of some uniformity in the chaos. This represents the calm love can give one in the middle of the chaos of life. Structure Syntax Rhyme Scheme Type of Poem Compare and Contrast Similarities Differences The syntax of "Life in a Love" is very jumbled and chaotic. It also has a lot of abrupt sentence endings. This poem is a Dramatic Monologue as are many of Browning's poems. It is also a letter to his wife. Rhyme scheme is inconstant throughout the poem excluding the first three lines and the last three lines, which have the same rhyme scheme. The syntax of "To Althea, From Prison" is elegant. It is also smooth, lyrical, and consistent. For the most part, the rhyme scheme of this poem is very consistent. This is a lyric poem. Works Cited Jokinen, Anniina. "The Life of Richard Lovelace (1618-1657)." Luminarium.com. N.p., 16 Feb. 2003. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.luminarium.org/sevenlit/lovelace/lovebio.htm>.
"âLIFE IN A LOVEâ." LIFE IN A LOVE. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://mural.uv.es/ancampe/browning.html>.
"Richard Lovelace (person)." By Niruena. 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, 9 Sept. 2005. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://everything2.com/user/niruena/writeups/Richard Lovelace>.
"Richard Lovelace." Richard Lovelace. N.p., 2012. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.nndb.com/people/984/000097693/>.
"Robert Browning." - Poets.org. Academy of American Poets, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2013. <http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/182>.
*Type of Syntax
*Type of poetry
*Techniques used *Use of syntax to emphasize theme
*Talks about love
*Man's point of view
*Both are based on the author's situation at the time Thank You!!!!