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The Invisible Royalty

Educational resources for a public art project by artist David Phelps. Includes all lessons in all subject areas.
by

Oklahoma Art in Public Places

on 9 July 2013

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Transcript of The Invisible Royalty

black history black history OKLAHOMA LIFE book binding optical illusions harlem renaissance The Invisible Royalty David Phelps about
the
invisible
royalty art SOCIAL STUDIES science language arts math miscellaneous Ralph Ellison
Library oklahoma city, ok artist: david phelps
date: 2012
location: ralph ellison library A prolific sculptor, David Phelps' work is
internationally collected. He is based out
of Oklahoma City, so several of his public
sculptures can be found throughout the
surrounding metro. Phelps works primarily in
bronze, cast concrete, and fabricated steel. Read more about the artist and see examples of his art by going to his website: the invisible royalty goal: about the artist The goal of The Invisible Royalty is to pay tribute to the library's namesake and remind viewers of Ralph Ellison's connection to Oklahoma City. how to find it: The Ralph Ellison library is located on
the southeast corner of NE 23rd St and
Martin Luther King Ave. Head through
the lobby and into the library proper, where the sculpture is located just inside.

View a map featuring the library and another of the
artist's sculptures: while you are there a general description TABLE OF CONTENTS PART I: BEFORE AND DURING

CHAPTER 1...........................................................ABOUT THE ART
...............................................................ABOUT THE ARTIST
.......................................................................................................GOAL
......................................................................HOW TO FIND IT
CHAPTER 2.....................................WHILE YOU ARE THERE
..............................................A GENERAL DESCRIPTION

PART II: AFTER

CHAPTER 3...............................................................................................ART
...............................................................OPTICAL ILLUSIONS
................................................................BINDING TUTORIAL
CHAPTER 4.............................................................SOCIAL STUDIES
..............................................................................COLONIALISM
...................................................HARLEM RENAISSANCE
CHAPTER 5...................................................................................SCIENCE
..................................................................................TAXONOMY
.......................................................................................................LIGHT
CHAPTER 6.........................................................LANGUAGE ARTS
............................................................................................SIDEKICKS
..............................................................IMPACT OR MIRROR
CHAPTER 7..............................................................MATHEMATICS
...................................................................................................RATIOS
CHAPTER 8.........................................................MISCELLANEOUS
.................................OKLAHOMA BLACK HISTORY
....................................................................INVISIBLE PEOPLE HAND-BOOK THE INVISIBLE ROYALTY; OF INCLUDING BOOK BINDING, COLONIALISM, SIDEKICKS, RATIOS, SCIENTIFIC CLASSIFICATION, AND VARIOUS TYPES OF ART: BEING AN EDUCATOR'S GUIDE TO A PUBLIC ART PIECE AND ITS USE IN ANY CLASSROOM BY OKLAHOMA ART
IN PUBLIC PLACES OKLAHOMA:
2012 Above all this, as if they just emerged from the typewriter, are two more pieces of paper. One features the biography of Ralph Ellison while the other lists Jim Crow laws that would have affected the author. Click on the pictures to take a closer look. The Invisible Royalty is the first thing you see as you walk into the library. It consists of five stacked books, upon which sits an old typewriter. The books represent a complete Ellison collection, while the typewriter is a replica of the same one the author used. A piece of paper is rising from the machine, and it bears both written word (the first page of Invisible Man) and the bust of a young Ralph Ellison. Due to the relief nature of the sculpture, it appears that Ellison watches you from any perspective. about ralph ellison Ralph Waldo Ellison was born in Oklahoma City in 1914. He attended Douglass High School, then started at the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama in 1933. He did not graduate, but moved to New York in 1936 where
he was immersed in Harlem Renaissance culture.

In 1936, Ellison began writing under the Federal Writers' Project,
which allowed him to support himself. When World War II
came on to the scene in 1941, Ellison served as a Merchant
Marine to avoid having to enlist in the segregated military.

After the war, he began writing his first and most
famous novel, Invisible Man. It was published in 1952.
Ralph Ellison went on to write two volumes of
essays. His second novel was discovered as an
unfinished manuscript after his death in 1994. It
was edited and published several years later. photo credit:
http://ccpolsgrove.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/ellison020203_big.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/I0HZhUgxQyDtCN1iU3UvLhABcFuuSo7Me8ljasZd0lTGQs36geb02PdP0SWaomBCDr-i8zYcrOB3YpeWJE726jt0hSrG2OlQ/CesarDelValle1.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/re37YTTFP09driY83kn1hmvGo8sdxhfi04XZzKOrd2zTsC*0MaLfMi5z5VcgJyyeQo5LvX5zZd82GGMO9UJfyPg*DXG3qYuQ/3dMural5.jpeg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/X276DqZriaEBoxp*zkzlqL968vWwye6s9PXOI7tPOH0*Pk-rOJxrD2yIszw3BPvJMIQCX-3cwVnkcQCmOjyOlCHF8bJDo2Po/royalweddingpavementart.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/QtdPw5wgIbF7UAF6YICCB55oOHI2Svhtq3AwQkwXYnLoTN0CcANjZ5G7y0*R2AKVXOqsdq9gGFIv8jtynnoRf*gSOJPKh5V0/jesusgonzales10.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/evmpOztqIvqe*YNQ1RBrBphPIsgoQQPuPKu2DAMMUV0Llu1U*z2I6deLGtmAavPDuKgHLlTWRTCNi5ajPi7S3QCNSOBWagf0/PhilippKlinger01.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/nbvq1gS8ah1WAiUFzaZGho4njMCSqbV0OKtes2eRoq5A2mRonHL46TlUTzdXXwYoC-yoI8V4zOrUzMbvHoCU3-VN4QllzTws/poweroffourschickjwt1.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/wJ5C1UamEk4yQN*j0ZtPCs9qhL1qODsFAhKWOVI559HyZLh-jjEAaBAfLvdk-b3NV7QHbvl*qioJVle9kVMLpV0jT5AffQVf/OpticalIllusionCow.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/1W0sKbKQ8MTEZKBH42IWX27ZU95xECJm0L2naa3efCQ2X*0-IKIp8xMdFv6RlGiQ-BK0bdlZsXxo*4ne7z4d-P0f39HH*HPA/scotthazardphotoconstructs4.png photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/qwPVUpk-sBAnl4td8ygV-p*a*F2Eq8BmeG0wVk2BfYxW0bpOmPYJWedLpAcpL52ROo1-9vosy3n501swNtwOoJ0qLCa8xEq7/sinkingsculpture04.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/71bIO53HnGkbrbYdakxiZ51KaAh0uivfJN5AUeO48imhUbPsbC9LKB-fAB1NEhIWFwZjLpGOqe2SZtu8tPRXS6CeNp*yNUwq/SimonBeck01.jpg photo credit:
http://www.moillusions.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/perception03.jpg photo credit:
http://www.moillusions.com/wp-content/uploads/3.bp.blogspot.com/albums/bb234/vurdlak8/illusions/essey_8965.jpg photo credit:
http://media-cache7.pinterest.com/upload/148055906469970159_YjJtQ3et.jpg photo credit:
http://api.ning.com/files/9yRmFsBC2ojkfMKScG-YkLMUbZTjVN*G7ErJ74vNB0LTMaUWfce-qda9ulLTRmrB0x2OwyFgzsH2JGiVnHzTBZ2z2lGAn-9l/nemesissubterra02.jpg The bust sculpture of Ralph Ellison relies on optical illusion. By doing the bust in reverse, Phelps created a work that not only appears to extend towards the viewer, but also follows the viewer as they look at the art from different angles. This technique, creating something that is visually perceived differently from objective reality, is called optical illusion. Go through the following examples and see if you can discriminate perception from reality.

For more on optical illusions, check out the exhibit at Science Museum Oklahoma. The common phrase says you shouldn't judge a book by its cover, but book bindings are an integral part of The Invisible Royalty. Follow along DesignLoveFest's tutorial to bind your own notebook, or use the Lil' Blue Boo tutorial to turn an old hardcover book into an art journal.
supplies:
- 10 sheets of 8 1/2 x 11 paper

- a sheet of decorative paper (12 x 12 or larger)

- ruler

- exacto knife

- pencil

- double sided tape Tutorial: http://www.designlovefest.com/2012/04/make-it-10-2/ DesignLoveFest:
supplies:
- old hardcover book

- wax paper

- mod podge

- gesso

- paint

- miscellaneous art supplies Tutorial: Lil Blue Boo: photo credit:
http://www.designlovefest.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/notebooksmoving2.gif photo credit:
http://www.lilblueboo.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/MG_3172.jpg http://www.lilblueboo.com/2012/05/turn-a-book-into-an-art-journal-a-tutorial.html# Yinka Shonibare effects of colonialism mercantilism types of colonialism:
settler vs exploitation 1919-mid 1930s setting
the stage:
emancipation
through 1919 effects
of the
Harlem
Renaissance


Another indicator came when Hubert Harrison created the Liberty League and 'The Voice,' an organization and a newspaper that would focus on the political agenda of the Harlem Renaissance, but would also give a platform for the arts. http://www.shomanchebat.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/Jim-crow-laws-277x300.jpg After emancipation, African Americans quickly
realized that 'free' and 'equal' are two different
concepts. State and local Jim Crow laws used literacy
tests and poll taxes to keep African Americans from
voting and attempted to limit their interaction with Caucasian Americans. With the combination of these laws
and the supreme court case Plessy v Ferguson (1896), African Americans now had to endure harsh segregation practices that affected their ability to vote, marry, take public transportation, and live where they want. Southern states were generally more aggressively intolerant. As a result, a 'Great Migration' north began as African Americans sought better educational and employment opportunities. The latter of these was greatly supplied by industrial needs during World War I, and African Americans flooded into urban areas, especially a little neighborhood of New York City called Harlem. In the years just before the Harlem Renaissance properly began, several indicators were present that a new movement was coming to bear. Ridgley Torrence, a white playwright, wrote 'Three Plays for a Negro Theatre,' which allowed African American actors to portray complex emotions, rather than a stereotypical 'minstrel' or 'blackface' show that portrayed blacks as lazy, superstitious, and unintelligent. see a black history timeline from 1619 to present: http://www.biography.com/tv/classroom/black-history-timeline more black authors received national recognition and were published by large publishing houses

global view of blacks began to shift from poor, rural, uneducated to urban, sophisticated, cosmopolitan

laid a strong foundation for the civil rights movement https://www.reuther.wayne.edu/node/6524 The 'Harlem Renaissance' was a movement that challenged stereotypes, promoted integration, and used a variety of art forms to prove the humanity of African Americans and demand equality. politics themes culture Separation vs. Integration 60 years after emancipation, African Americans began seeking racial equality. This was most apparent through attempts in art and literature to convince others that blacks are just as capable of feeling complex emotions, thinking complex thoughts, and are just as human and deserving of rights as any other. Two different schools of thought were born at this time. The first, called the Back to Africa movement and led by Marcus Garvey, believed that blacks should migrate back to Africa where they could form their own country. W.E.B. Dubois directly opposed this movement and thought that African Americans should be given full and equal rights. Dubois believed that blacks could be integrated into European American society if education and employment discrimination was mitigated. Both movements, though contrasting, served to encourage African Americans to get involved in politics and to seek change. influence of slavery and african traditions on black identity

effects of institutionalized racism

dilemmas in performing/writing for elite white audiences (patronage) The Jazz Age In a post-war jubilation of prosperity and peace, Americans began enjoying new found leisure time. Nightclubs with live music were booming. Jazz music, which was originally an African American style, began moving into the mainstream. The Cotton Club was one of the most famous clubs of the Harlem Renaissance. It featured exclusively black performers and exclusively white clientele. The Cotton Club is the perfect symbol of the Harlem Renaissance: more exposure for black artists, yet still experiencing discrimination and racism. Literature At this time, many works explored the experience of being an African American, of being considered inferior, incapable of depth, and lacking the opportunities given to others. Famous authors from this time period include Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, and Jean Toomer. colonialism triangular trade http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/pathways/blackhistory/africa_caribbean/docs/trade_routes.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:World_1898_empires_colonies_territory.png colonies of the world: 1898 Settler colonialism focuses on the movement of foreign people into a new area. Their main goal is to obtain land and create a new community in which they may live. Typically, settlers migrate for religious, financial, or political reasons.

Exploitation colonialism refers to conquering a place in order to obtain its natural resources and people. This type of colonialism aligns closely with imperialism, in that a powerful state subjugates a weaker state in order to become ever stronger. this term refers to economic practices that result in a positive trade balance for a country, usually at the expense of its colonies. The theory goes that the more goods that can be found or manufactured within a country or its colonies, the less will have to be imported. Conquered colonies are not allowed to trade with foreign states. At one point, this ideology created a trade network that moved goods and people to and from different areas of the Atlantic Ocean, creating a great triangle. 1 4 3 2 What goods do African
colonies receive? Why does England import goods like lumber, tobacco, and sugar? Where does gold and ivory come from? Compare and contrast the effects of such trade on the people of each affected area. increased global trade
increased slave trafficking
spread of disease
new military innovations Yinka Shonibare is a contemporary British-Nigerian artist who explores colonialism and post-colonial effects, primarily on African countries. He often uses African-style fabrics (Dutch wax-printed cotton) constructed in Victorian-era styles. This alludes to the wealth of the British empire at the expense of its African colonies. http://www.yinkashonibarembe.com/images/SCULPTURE/SHO-491-Boy-on-a-Globe.jpg http://www.yinkashonibarembe.com/images/SCULPTURE/SHO-12-Victorian-Philanthro.jpg http://www.yinkashonibarembe.com/images/SCULPTURE/SHO-522-Nelsons-Ship-in-a-Bottle-4.jpg http://www.yinkashonibarembe.com/images/SCULPTURE/SHO-33-Mr&Mrs-Andrews.jpg taxonomy light V I S I B L E DOMAIN Taxonomy is a way of identifying, naming, and sorting organisms. Why is it important for scientists to have a way to classify organisms? SPECIES GENUS FAMILY ORDER CLASS PHYLUM KINGDOM binomial nomenclature binomial nomenclature refers to a way of naming organisms, giving them a 'first' and 'last' name. an organisms first name is the genus to which it belongs, while its last name is the species. often, last names are based on latin/greek amalgamations, names of its discoverer, or even sometimes a joke (one biologist was tired of discovering distinct species of rhinoceros beetles, so one type was named 'Cyclocephala nodanotherwon.')

in binomial nomenclature, the genus is always capitalized, but the species is not. also, species names must be completely unique from any other in that particular kingdom. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/nature/classifying-life.html Play this interactive game to learn more about classifying organisms: taxonomy is not a static science: scientists are constantly making new discoveries regarding how different species are related to each other. previously, biologists used race to attempt to classify humans into different subspecies. as science progressed, however, scientists began to discredit the significance (and even existence) of race in relation to most disciplines. more and more, race is found to be a social construct rather than a scientific theory, and is no basis for differentiating between 'types' of humans. human taxonomy "Nothing, storm or flood, must get in the way of our need for light and ever more and brighter light. The truth is the light and light is the truth." -Ralph Ellison, Invisible Man http://phet.colorado.edu/en/simulation/color-vision VISION color experiment with the way the eye perceives light. light WAVES learn about the structure of a wave http://aspire.cosmic-ray.org/labs/waves/wave_basics/waves.htm?ASPIRE_Session=b3e74ef8c682e4c9eea3c0fd2817892c sidekicks -or- A secondary character is one who plays a supporting role. The story may revolve around the main character, but others can still spark action, move the plot along, and help the main character develop. secondary characters and Sidekicks are an example of secondary characters, and are usually the protagonist's right hand man. See if you can identify these famous sidekicks: http://images.wikia.com/muppet/images/d/d7/Ernie2000's.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-tosQtDcOcL8/Tkan3Tw3z1I/AAAAAAAAA3o/V4Er-8gJHq0/s1600/ronmione3.jpeg http://images.wikia.com/casscain/images/c/cc/Grayson3.jpg http://yogibear.wikia.com/wiki/Barney_Rubble http://images2.fanpop.com/image/photos/9300000/Mario-Party-8-mario-and-luigi-9350789-474-543.jpg https://s3.amazonaws.com/banters.com-produciton/original/101408/avatar?1330966572 http://images.wikia.com/lotr/images/9/9d/Samwise_the_Brave.jpg Questions to Consider:
1. Would it matter if that character didn't exist?
2. How does the character affect the plot?
3. Does the main character depend on him/her?
4. Are all secondary characters developed to the same extent?
Geographia by Ptolemy was a map of the Roman Empire and beyond, and is credited with setting the standards in cartography for 1500 years.

The principles of gravity, light, color, and calculus were discovered by Isaac Newton while Cambridge was closed due to the plague. He published his findings 20 years later in Principia Mathematica.

William Shakespeare wrote over 190 works, and his writings have gone on to inspire countless adaptations: there have been over 400 movie/tv adaptations alone. He coined popular phrases like 'woe is me,' 'in a pickle,' and 'wild goose chase.'

John Locke's theory, written in Two Treatises of Government, that all men are equal and free, and have a right to defend their 'life, health, liberty or possessions.' In The Spirit of Laws Baron de Montesquieu developed a model for the tripartite system that separates government into three branches. Both of their works inspired a little thing known as The Constitution of the United States. IMPACT http://api.ning.com/files/d0lzclWsTkU*TWbfwN4s3ixw3mGLJi6T4c3WKTHFemIMHaBSXEPGS-31Q64sFyES3PifHV2qrojrVoI5BjOyrqLGTWrr1p*Z/aakash00.jpg Does literature serve as a tool by which we can shape our world or does it simply reflect our society? MIRROR Galen of Pergamon studied medicine during the 2nd century. His discoveries, published in a number of works, regarding human anatomy were a cornerstone of medical practices through the 16th century. Galen was responsible for making Hippocrates' idea of bloodletting a popular treatment for all manner of illnesses. Doctors believed that by cutting the patient, they would release the 'bad' blood that made the person sick.

Pride and Prejudice is a beloved work by Jane Austen, but it also reflects social stratification and customs in England during the 19th century. (To read about the etiquette of the time, go to this website: http://www.windweaver.com/austen/background.htm)

John Steinbeck's Grapes of Wrath details the Joad family's exodus from dry Oklahoma to labor-exploitative California. They were strongly affected by the nationwide depression, drought conditions of the central plains, and farming practices of California, making this story historically accurate and reflective of the plight of many Americans during the 1930's. -and- Journalist Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle in 1906 as a way to shed light on immigrant labor conditions. While extremely telling as it describes abuse and discrimination, most readers were more shocked to read about the atrocities of the meatpacking industry. The Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act were passed due to the impact of this book. ratios The piece of 'paper' emerging from the typewriter is actually cast bronze, which becomes evident when you walk around to the back of Phelps' sculpture. Bronze is made when copper is alloyed with other metal elements. Typical modern bronze is 88% copper (Cu) and 12% tin (Sn). Commercial 'bronze' is 90% Cu and 10% zinc (Zn), though copper/zinc combinations are technically brass. Using ratios and the information above, solve the following calculations. 1 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 Solve for the missing component. 7 parts copper
___ parts tin ___ parts copper
8 parts tin 7:? ?:8 25 part bronze ?:? ?:12 ___ parts copper
12 parts tin 9:? 9 parts copper
___ parts zinc ___ parts copper
40 parts tin ?:40 50 part brass ?:? 104Cu:?Ni:?Zn:?Pb:?Bi Research the composition of Bismuth bronze to complete this calculation. 1830s 1889 1906 1908 1921 1915 1948 1955 1958 1990s African Americans are first brought to Oklahoma when Native American slave owners are moved here due to Indian Removal policy. 1860s After the Civil War, Indian tribes are forced to grant land allotment to former slaves and free Blacks. Some African Americans participate in land runs. In an effort to create an all-black state (led by Edward P. McCabe), Langston and several other all-black towns were founded. Oklahoma State Constitution requires separate schools for white and black students. The first law passed in 1907 segregates public transportation. Albert C. Hamlin is the first African American elected to Oklahoma state legislature. He serves until 1910, when a grandfather clause is passed that limits blacks from voting. Roscoe Dunjee starts the Black Dispatch, Oklahoma City's only African American newspaper. Race tension boils over when the Tulsa Race Riot, or the 'single worst incident of racial violence in the nation,' takes place in Oklahoma. More than 1000 homes and businesses are destroyed. US Supreme Court case Sipuel v Board of Regents of the University of Oklahoma rules Oklahoma must provide African Americans the same opportunities for earning a law degree as afforded to white students. Eventually, Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher is the first African American admitted into OU's College of Law. With her high school students, teacher Clara Luper launches the nation's sit-in movement at a Katz Drug Store in Oklahoma City in an attempt to integrate Oklahoma eating establishments. The Better Schools Amendment peacefully passes through the state legislature, effectively integrating all Oklahoma Schools. Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher is appointed to the OU Board of Regents.

J.C. Watts becomes the state's first black congressman. "I am invisible, understand, simply because people refuse to see me." In Invisible Man, Ralph Ellison describes the African American experience during a time defined by racism, discrimination, and stereotypes. While our society has become more and more accepting of diversity, 'invisible' people still exist. what are some examples of invisible people today?
how can we make them visible? "You often doubt if you really exist. You wonder whether you aren't simply a phantom in other people's minds... You ache with the need to convince yourself that you do exist in the real world..." Write a journal entry responding
to this quote by Ralph Ellison. ralph ellison, invisible man http://goo.gl/maps/KBoR 1950 Another US Supreme Court case, McLaurin v Oklahoma State Regents, desegregates higher education and lays a foundation for the 1954 case Brown v Board of Education. It is ruled that requiring separate desks, eating facilities, etc. for African American students impairs and inhibits their educational opportunities. 1952 Ralph Ellison's first novel, Invisible Man, is published. It receives the National Book Award in 1953. To read more about black history in Oklahoma, check out these links: http://ndepth.newsok.com/black-history http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/A/AF003.html http://api.ning.com/files/Oss98hq1zuJr*R4gjN4Em--N0jlzwQYSu8p39QVFnA*lqvQQdLnuROnXG3Z8RSL6bdKM5aiIP9LJdMS*wg6w*fxHoBxfaUKM/MarkGarry_01.jpg Artist: Mark Garry
photo credit: Artist: Mark Garry
photo credit: http://api.ning.com/files/vL45CnFEZgMPaIBd7ly3JDNmOEJbFxcXxgHjq5QoEWtj6PV1tQ1Y68XUeF8mcBtpk-e2B7XtSk8CQYsMPQ*QaKoDBlM1r2aR/MarkGarry_06.jpg ART spectrum http://www.mymodernmet.com/profiles/blogs/mark-garry-rainbow-installation-art United Kingdom France Spain Portugal Netherlands German Empire Turkey Belgium Russia Japan China Austria Denmark Sweden United States Italy Thanks for viewing this resource.

Let us know what you think about it by taking a short survey. http://bit.ly/YGbR1Z people invisible ralph ellison, invisible man http://phelpssculpture.com/ Works Cited: Incorporate the Art: Incorporate the Art: How does the information affect your perception of The Invisible Royalty? Incorporate the Art: In the next lesson, you will read about the struggle to overcome the longlasting effects of the slave trade. But what about the countries on the other side of the trade? Pick a country in Africa, then research its history. Pay special attention to involvement from European countries, revolutions, and the political climate since 1900. Ralph Ellison was a product of a great African American cultural movement. Has the country of your research witnessed any similar cultural revolutions? Why or why not? incorporate the art incorporate the art How does the artist utilize light in his sculpture? incorporate the art Under which category would you place Ralph Ellison's Invisible Man? incorporate the art
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