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WHAT IS PLAIGARISM
Transcript of WHAT IS PLAIGARISM
BORROWING a paper (including, of course, copying an entire paper or article from the Web);
hiring someone to write your paper for you; and
COPYING large sections of text from a source without quotation marks or proper citation.
Generally, something as common knowledge if
the same information found in at least five credible sources.
the information you're presenting is something your readers already know.
the information can easily be found in general reference sources.
The Gray Area
using the words of a source too closely when paraphrasing (where quotation marks should have been used) or
building on someone's ideas without citing their spoken or written work
Give CREDIT where it's due
Words or ideas presented in a magazine, book,
newspaper, song, TV program, movie, Web page,
computer program, letter, advertisement, or any
Information you gain through interviewing,
conversation, or writing, including class lectures
When you copy the exact words or a unique phrase
When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts,
pictures, or other visual materials
EVEN when you reuse or re-post any electronically-
available media, including images, audio,
video, or other media
Definition: v. tr. To use and pass off (the ideas or writings of another) as one's own.
"Plagiarize." The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2004. 06 Jan. 2010. <Dictionary.comhttp://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Plagiarize>.
There are some actions that can almost unquestionably be labeled plagiarism.
Some of these include
Intended or not, it's still PLAGIARISM.
Sometimes teachers suspecting students of plagiarism will consider the students' intent, and whether it appeared the student was deliberately trying to make ideas of others appear to be his or her own.
But when in doubt, cite.
Bottom line, document any words, ideas, or other productions that originate somewhere outside of you.
This is not Plagiarism
Writing your own lived experiences, your own observations and insights, your own thoughts, and your own conclusions about a subject
When you are writing up your own results obtained through lab or field experiments
When you use your own artwork, digital photographs, video, audio, etc.
When you are using "common knowledge," things like folklore, common sense observations, myths, urban legends, and historical events (but not historical documents)
When you are using generally-accepted facts
Avoiding Plagiarism in
Reading and Note-Taking
In your notes, always mark someone else's words with a big
, for quote, or use big "quotation marks"
Indicate in your notes which ideas are taken from sources with a big
, and which are your own insights
When information comes from sources, record relevant documentation in your notes (book and article titles; URLs on the Web)
Writing Paraphrases or Summaries
Credit the source somewhere in the paraphrase or summary,
e.g., According to Jonathan Kozol, ....
Write your paraphrase or summary of a text without looking at the original,
relying only on your memory and notes
Check your paraphrase or summary against the original text;
correct any errors in content accuracy,
and be sure to use quotation marks to set off any exact phrases from the original text
Avoiding Plagiarism in
WHEN IN DOUBT
Copyright ©1995-2014 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.