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Copy of 1950 - present day

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Deena Kharouf

on 24 March 2015

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Transcript of Copy of 1950 - present day

1950 - present day
1950
Beginning of Postmodernism
1960
1970
Robert Venturi was at the forefront of this movement. His book,
Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture (published in 1966), was
instrumental in opening readers eyes to new ways of thinking about
buildings, as it drew from the entire history of architecture—both
high-style and vernacular, both historic and modern. The book includes a number of the architect's own designs in the back, including structures such as Guild House, in Philadelphia, that became major icons of postmodernism.

Aims:

solving the problems of Modernism

• communicating meanings with ambiguity

• sensitivity for the building’s
context, are surprisingly unified for a period of building designed by
architects who largely never collaborated with each other.
Characteristics:
ornaments and trappings
pluralism, double coding
irony and paradox
contextualism
Using historical details from multiple periods
Unique forms
It glorifies chaos instead of order
Strong relationship between the inside and the outside
Influential Architects:

Aldo Rossi

Charles Moore
• Ricardo Bofill •
William Pereira
• John Burgee • Boris Podrecca
• Santiago Calatrava • Cesar Pelli
• Terry Farrell • Paolo Portoghesi

Michael Graves
• Antoine Predock
• Helmut Jahn • Tomás Taveira
• Jon Jerde • Robert A.M. Stern

Philip Johnson
• James Stirling
• Ricardo Legorreta •
Robert Venturi
• Frank Gehry • Peter Eisenman
• Mario Botta • James Wines
May 3, 1931
Sept 4, 1997
Italian
Monte Amiata Housing
(1968–1974)
Aldo Rossi
July 9, 1934
2015
American
Snyderman House,
Fort Wayne, Indiana
(Completed in 1972)
Michael Graves
July 8, 1906
Jan 25, 2005
American
Neuberger Museum of Art
(Completed in 1969)
Philip Johnson
June 25, 1925
--
American
Gordon Wu Hall; Princeton
University, New Jersey
(Completed in 1983)
Robert Venturi
April 25, 1909
Nov 13, 1985
American
Geisel Library
(Completed in 1970)
William Pereira
Oct 31, 1925
Dec 16, 1993
American
Kresge College
(Completed in 1971)
Charles Moore
Transamerica Pyramid by William Pereira
(1972)
•Tallest skyscraper in San Francisco skyline
•Height: 853 ft or 260m
Humana Building by Michael Graves
(1982)
•26 Story Structure
•Each side of the building is designed slightly differently, up to a sloping pyramid style for the upper few floors.
•The basic design has led to the tower being locally known as "the Milk Carton".
San Francisco
Louiseville, Kentucky, USA
Pittsburgh
Stuttgart
Wieden, Austria
Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Maastricht, Netherlands
Texas
Hong Kong
Valencia, Spain
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
One PPG Place by Philip Johnson
(1983)
•the buildings are all of matching glass design consisting of 19,750 pieces of glass.

Neue Staatsgalerie by James Stirling
(1984)
•The building's most prominent feature is a central open-top rotunda. This outdoor, enclosed space houses the sculpture garden.
Haas-Haus by Hans Hollein
(1990)
•The use of the Haas-Haus is divided between retail and a restaurant.
Watarium by Mario Botta
(1990)
•AKA Watari Museum of Contemporary Arts
Bonnefanten Museum by Aldo Rossi
(1994)

The Peak tower by Terry Farrell
(1995)
• It houses the upper terminal of the Peak Tram.
•The Peak Tower is located at an elevation of 396 m, 156 m below the summit of Victoria Peak.
City of the Arts and Sciences by Santiago Calatrava
(1998)
•The City of Arts and Sciences is situated at the end of the former riverbed of the river Turia, which was drained and rerouted after a catastrophic flood in 1957. The old riverbed was turned into a picturesque sunken park.
Petronas Tower by Cesar Pelli
(1998)
•According to the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH)'s official definition and ranking, they were the tallest buildings in the world from 1998 to 2004 and remain the tallest twin towers in the world replacing the World Trade Center in New York.
•451.9 m (1,483 ft)
1. What is the Height of the Burj Khalifa?
Meters AND ft.
Answer:
829.8m and 2,722 ft
2. What is the tallest twin towers? AFTER the 9/11...
Answer:
Petronas Tower
3. Who said Less is a bore?
Answer:
Robert Venturi
4. When did the postmodern ENDED?
Answer:
It's not yet over.
5. When did postmodern architecture became a style or movement?
Answer:
generally cited as being from the 1950s, but did not become a movement until the late 1970s.
The Whites Vs. The Grays 1973
Postmodernism relies on concrete experience rather than principles. It focuses on individual interpretation rather than artist intention.
Postmodernism involves the ability to realize that reality is not simply the human understanding of it.

Instead, reality is actually constructed as the mind attempts to understand its own personal reality.
Therefore, creating an individual reality for each individual interpretation.
Philosophy
"Postmodernism denies the existence of any scientific, philosophical, or religious truth which will explain everything for everybody."
Postmodernism in architecture came as a reaction to the modern movement. It brought ornament, classical and traditional details with orginality and wit.
FORM IS AIM
AT&T Building
"Good Design Should Be Accessible To All"
Characteristics
Used ornaments and avoided abstraction
Irony and wit
Applied different colors
create illusions with colors and materials
focused on symbolism
Forms :
different range of forms
mixed the historical details with the new structures
Characteristics
Used concrete with 3d patterns
repetition of unites
focused on site topography
used the element of water
Form
Unique forms such as the pyramids and zaggurates
mixed historical elements in contemporary structure
Space
growing from the inside to the outside
logical connection between the inside and the outside
the space was expanded and dynamic
Characteristics
Emphasis on Architectural volume over mass (Planes over solidity)
Rejection of symmetry
Rejection of applied decoration
Historical style
use of historical elements in indirect way
Employing historical language as a decorative element
Focus on attend the last technical and architectural heritage

Aldo Rossi
eil palace hotel
Ironic style
- The idea of taking elements from old buildings and use it in contemporary buildings, but without attention of the function for the original elements .
- exotic colors and proportions elemnts .

Kuma Kengo
M2 building
Charlez Moore
Piazza D’italia
Rational style

- Functionalism
- Raised the level of architectural design to perfection
- Is able to detect structural solutions wrong and bad, and achieve quality designs.
- Respond with construction materials and methods of construction and the new logic of modern science and technology.

Frank Gehry

walt disney hall
Yoyagi national gymnasium
Japan

Concept
MODERNISM vs POSTMODERNISM
Buildings:
-are
simple
-are
functional
-almost do
no
t have
any
decorations
-
doesn't
take
site and
context
into consideration
- avoids colors


Buildings:
-
interesting shapes
and are made
to ‘please the eye’ and
shock
-are
not
always
functional
-have
decorations
-
consider
site and context
- have colors and repetition in unites
ANYTHING
GOES

Watari-um Art gallery
Tokyo - Japan
SITE & CONCEPT
Walt Disney Hall
Los Angeles - USA
Site & Concept
Piazze d'Italia
New Orleans- USA
SITE & CONCEPT
Full transcript