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♠Women Equality Rights♠
Transcript of ♠Women Equality Rights♠
☺Census figures reflected the entrance of women into the economy as paid workers. Almost 196 000 women had jobs, and they represented 11.07% of the labour force. The jobs they held were predominantly in low-paying "female" occupations: domestic service (41%), dressmaking, teaching, sewing, tailoring, housekeeping, laundering, millinery and salesclerking.
Women Equality Rights
By: Kripa Shaji & Jessicah Henry
☺On October 27, the National Council of Women of Canada is founded. It works for social rights of women and children.Over 1,500 women attended the meeting, which was chaired by Lady Aberdeen.
☺Petitions for the enfranchisement of women, from the Canadian Women's Suffrage Association, together with the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, were presented to parliament . A change in the Electoral Act, which made the Dominion and provincial voters' lists coincide, rendered further effort useless in the Dominion legislature, and made of woman suffrage a provincial issue. The Northwest Territories allows unmarried women to vote in municipal elections but not to hold office.
On February, Erland Lee invited Adelaide Hunter Hoodless to speak at a Farmers’ Institute meeting in Stoney Creek, Ontario. Here, she suggested that a similar organization could be of benefit for rural women. The next week, on February 19th, the inaugural meeting of the Women’s Institute was held with 101 women and 1 man in attendance. Together, Adelaide Hunter Hoodless and Erland Lee are officially credited as the co-founders of the Women’s Institute.
Teaching is the only profession open to women that leads to a pension. Under The Dominion Elections Act, the only people who can vote in a federal election are ones who have the legal right to vote in a provincial election. Minorities (including women) who are excluded from voting in provincial elections are therefore automatically excluded from voting in federal elections.
• Municipal voting privileges for propertied women were general throughout Canada. But most 19th-century Canadians, women as well as men, believed that the sexes had been assigned to "separate spheres" by natural and divine laws that overrode mere man-made laws, and this stood squarely in the way of achieving votes for all women as a democratic right.
The Married Women's Property Act gives married women in P.E.I. the same legal capacity (legal right in matters of property) as men.
Emma Baker is the first female to earn her PhD at a Canadian University.
The university of Toronto Medical School allows women students to study medicine. This college then closed, but the name is still recalled by present Women's College Hospital.
☺The Manitoba Municipal Act is amended so that women are excluded as voters in municipal elections, although they had been granted this right previously. Public protest forces the act to be amended again.
The Married Women's Property Act gives married women in Saskatchewan the same legal capacity (legal right in matters of property) as men.
• Female pay was regularly 50-60% of male pay and the National Council of Women adopted a resolution calling for "equal pay for equal work."
☺ The Toronto Women's Suffrage Association changed it's name to the Canadian Suffrage Association in order to broaden its scope nationally. The association labbied for voting rights as well as other issues relating to women.
☺The Criminal Code of Canada declared that it was illegal to abduct women. Before this, it was illegal to abduct any women over the age of 16.
☺Women in labour force earn 52.8 percent of men's wages
☺The Saskatchewan Deserted Wives’ Maintenance Act requires husbands to pay support if they deserted their wives or forced them to leave.
☺On January 28, Nellie McClung and other members of the Manitoba Political Equality League stage a mock "Women’s Parliament" in the Walker Theatre in Winnipeg to debate the question of whether men should be allowed to vote. The mock parliament uses humour to point out the unfairness of not allowing women to vote. The League argued for extension of the franchise on the grounds for women.
Canada Ratifies UN Protocol
In October, Canada ratified the United Nations' Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). This convention provides the basis for realizing equality between women and men. By agreeing to the convention's terms, countries are responsible for ensuring women's equal access to, and equal opportunities in, political and public life, as well as education, employment, family law, childcare and social security.
The Oxfam Canada Released the Oxfam Canada Straregic Plan. "Walking the talk on Women's Rights" was a plan to promote changes in policy and actions toward women's rights over the course of six years. The plan focused on equality between men and women in many areas of the society. The ultimate goal were to provide women access to resources and legislation that will empower them and promote active citizenship.
☻On September 22, Married Women's Property Act gives married women in Manitoba the same legal capacity as men. Previously, a woman living in Manitoba lost most of her legal rights respecting property when she married. All her property, for example, became legally vested in her husband. The Married Women’s Property Act allows a wife to own her own property separately from her husband and to control her own wages and profits. She is also jointly responsible for the support of their children.
☺Alice Jamieson is appointed judge of the juvenile court in Calgary. She becomes the first woman judge in Canada and in the British Empire, appointed to a court.
For a long time, women were not mentioned in the country's constitution and they couldn't get certain privileges like men. Women were considered as the "weaker sex" and were not seen as independent individuals. Over the years, many canadian women have fought to develop a new identity that would see them treated as equals alongside men. Even today, Canada's women continue to campaign for their rights; their
"Women Equality Rights".
Women equality is a constant struggle, yet through awareness, progress can be made. This is you're country...so lets make a positive change for us and the generation to come.