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Transcript of "Night"
Elie Wiesel is married to Marion Wiesel
About The Author
Happy, young, curios, smart, small,healthy
to have a mentor to help him study the Kabbalah
With his parents, sisters, Moishe the Beadle, and other neighbors
Not being able to learn Kabbalah
Moishe the Beadle
payed attention closely
Hitler and Nazi party
teach Elie Kabblah
make it back to town to tell his story
taught Elie important life lessons
warned other jews about Hitler
Elie is in his hometown, Transylvania
enjoying his family and life. Elie also
was studying the Kabblah with Moishe the Beadle
All the foreign jews, including Moishe the Beadle were expelled from Sighet and were sent away in cattle cars.
Moishe the Beadle returns and tells his horrific experience of when he was expelled.
No one in the town believed Moishe the Beadle including Elie. Then Elie's town was sent to a ghetto.
They waited many hours then they were all packed into cattle cars and sent to their new destination
Conflagration, p. 49- an extensive
fire that destroys a great deal of
land or party
"The stars were but sparks of the immense conflagration that was consuming us."
Lest, p.50- with the intention of
"They worry lest we join the partisans"
Wielding, p. 46- hold and
"Policemen wielding clubs were shouting: "All Jews outside!"."
Phylacteries,p.42- a small leather box
containing Hebrew texts on vellum, worn by Jewish men at morning prayer as a reminder
to keep the law.
"I quickly unwound my phylacteries and ran to the window."
Liquidated,p. 39- eliminate by
violent means; kill
"'The ghetto was to be liquidated entirely."
This chapter was very informing. I learned a lot about jewish lifestyle before the Holocaust because of this chapter. I liked Elie and Moishe the Beadle throughout the chapter. At the end of the chapter I disliked the neighbors because they did not believe Moishe the Beadle. The theme to me would be to always expect the unexpected. I would truly recommend this book because it is a part of history.
irrevocably,p. 54- not
able to be changed
54 - complete
abyss,p. 55- a deep or
inhibitions,p. 53 -
that makes one self-
unable to act in a
relaxed and natural way
With her son
She would never see her family again
She would meet the flames and smoke in her visions
Sad, hopeless, frail
screamed in the cattle cars about her visions
to reunite her family
changed, hungry, tired,
with his family,
Where were they going
to stay with his family
and be safe
he watched everyone
The guard explains to them to stay in the cattle car until they reach their destination.
The cattle car was uncomfortable and crowded with little food
Mrs. Shacter screams and cry multiple times about seeing fire
The some Jews try to calm her down and others beat her to be quit.
They arrive in Birkenau
"The doors were nailed, the
way back irrevocably cut off."
"The world had become a hermetically sealed
"Her husband was a pious man
who spent most of his days
and nights in the house of
"We were still trembling, and with every screech of the wheels, we felt the abyss opening beneath us."
Since this chapter was short it was hard for me to analyze. I really did not find any characters that I liked but I had many that I disliked. For example, I disliked the other Jews in the cattle car that beat Mrs. Shacter because she was emotional about her visions. I believe based on the circumstances they faced no one would be crazy. Based on this chapter I still would recommend this book.
worried, sad, confused
heartless, mean, strong, assertive
his family being separated or killed
none, the law was on his side
no real relationship he was doing his job
to stay close to Elie
To exterminate the jews
yells at the jews and exerts his power
tries to stay quit and close to ELie
In Birkenau everyone seperated from the weak, women, and children.
They receive there blocks and jobs and realize this is their life.
They spend there days talking about God and their religion.
SS officer warns them that "Work is Liberty".
Also they realize what the smell and fire was for.
"Freed of normal constraints, some of the young let go of their inhibitions and, under cover of darkness, caressed one another, without any thought of others, alone in the world."
Elie and his father were separated from his mother and younger sister, that was the last time he saw them.
Barrack, p. 68 - a building or
group of buildings used to house
"The barrack we had been assigned
to was very long."
Elude, p. 65- evade or
"Is it any wonder that ever since
then, sleep tends to elude me?"
Monocle, p. 64- a single
eyeglass, kept in position by the
muscles around the eye
"He looked like the typical SS
officer: a cruel, though not
unintelligent, face, complete
Sanctified, p. 66- set apart as
or declare holy
"May his name be celebrated
Infernal, p. 66- of, relating
to, characteristic of hell or the
"We were coming closer and closer to the pit, from which an infernal heat was rising."
Chapter 3 was very sad to me. It was a long chapter for me to read but I flew through it because it was filled with heart-throbbing moments. I admired Elie and his father's courage to stay strong through out the whole ordeal. Elie's Father reminded me of my grandfather because no matter what phased him he still persevered. I really disliked the SS officers and I wish I could ask them why they would do something like that to to other people. based on the characters the theme would be stay strong. After reading this chapter I would still recommend this book.
Skinnier, less human
old, skinny, frail, talented
Elie and Elie's Father
Losing his violin
to keep playing his violin
congratulates Elie and his father for being selected into his unit
plays his violin until his death
Gains a relationship with Juliek
being separated from his father
To trouble and survive
pretends to be ill so the dentist wont pull out
his gold crown
Elie and the other Jews arrive in Buna and were quarantined then had their check-ups.
Elie worked next to a young girl who he thought was French and she spoke no German. Elie was beat up by Idek and she gave hims words of wisdom in perfect German.
Idek was beating Elie's father. Elie did nothing because he was afraid of getting hurt also. Elie was mad at his father because he could not avoid being hit.
Franek tried to bribe and scare Elie into giving him his gold crown.
Elie interrupted Idek with a women and swore not to tell a soul
The Buna factory was bombed
The Prisoners happily cleaned up the aftermath.
The prisoners watched a young boy being hunged and they cried.
Altruistic, pg. 86- showing a
disinterested and selfless concern
for the well-being of others
"In fact, this affection was not
entirely altruistic; there existed
here a veritable traffic of children
among homosexuals, I learned
Kapo, pg. 98- prisoner functionary
"A half hour before the usual time to
stop work, the Kapo assembled the
Nooses, p. 108- a loop with a running knot
"In unison, the nooses were
placed around their necks."
Writhing, p. 108- make
" And so he remained for me than half an
hour, lingering between life and death,
writhing before our eyes."
Gallows, p. 108- a structure, typically
of two uprights and a crosspiece, for
the hanging of criminals
"He was pale, almost calm, but he
was biting his lips as he stood in
the shadows of the gallows."
This chapter was similar to chapter three to me. It was a long chapter filled with a lot of events. I really started to dislike the SS officers even more and the dentist. I almost cried when they hung the little boy and he was still alive. It changed my whole outlook towards the book. The theme to me would be no one is safe. based on the hanging of the little boy I would only recommend this book to people who are interested in the Holocaust.
Tibi and Yossi
with his son
not surviving and seperating
to survive with Elie
Had a emotional moment with his son
gave his son his inheritance
did not pass first selection then passed the second selection
tried to stay close to each other
to die and lose each other
The jewish year had passed and the prisoners didnt know if they should fast and celebrate. Elie did not fast because of his hatred to God and his dad's wishes.
Selection happened and Elie's father did not pass the first time.
Elie had a operation
on his foot.
Buna was going to be evacuated.
Elie and his father decide to be evacuated rather than to stay at the hospital.
They learned the Russians freed the hospital.
The prisoners marched to their
Grandeur, p. 110 splendor and impressiveness
"What does Your grandeur mean,
Master of the Universe, in the
face of all this cowardice, this
decay, and this misery?"
Damnation, p. 112-
condemnation to eternal
punishment in hell.
"You caused the heavens
to rain down fire and damnation."
Lament, p. 112- a passionate
expression of grief or sorrow
"I was no longer able to lament."
Emaciated, p. 118- abnormally
thin or weak
"A poor emaciated Jew
questioned him anxiously, his
Wallow, p. 119- roll about or lie
"You just like to wallow in your
despair, you fools!"
Chapter five was agonizing to read. I was so nervous when the selection process began. Then I was relieved when Elie's father passed the selection. Then when Elie got surgery I was nervous that his foot might get cut off. I particularly liked Tibi and Yossi because they stuck by a stranger, Elie even though they did not have to. I almost cried because of Elie's decision not to stay at the hospital. Then they found out the hospital was freed. The theme because of those events to me would be to choose wisely. I would not recommend the book based on this chapter because it was so sad.
Skinny, weak, young
His stomach would
rests while marching and
older, colder, frail, strong-minded
Tibi, Yossi, his Father,
he wont make through the march
his Dad won't survive
to keep his dad alive
ran to his destination
pushed his father to survive
The prisoners marched to
their new home
Elie watched Zalman disappear
and soon forgot through the march
Elie's Father wanted rest but Elie
persisted that they stay awake
Juliek was crushed to death and played his viloin during his last moments of life
Elie and his father were separated and than Elie caused commotion and they were reunited
The prisoners marched through the snow.
They were all packed into a cattle car.
Reeling, p. 140- feel very giddy or disoriented
"My head was reeling."
Avail, p. 142- help or
"He had searched for him
among the dying, to no
Apathy, p. 144- lack
"From time to time, SS officers
on motorcycles drove the
length of the column to shake
off the growing apathy:"
Disengage, p. 145- separate or
"Knowing that I was crushing him,
preventing him from breathing, I
wanted to get up and disengage
myself to allow him to breathe."
Talmudic, p. 136- the body
of Jewish civil and
"People mocked him because he
was forever praying or meditating
on some Talmudic question."
This chapter's theme to me was perseverance. Elie, his Father, and the other prisoners persevered through the most testing march I have ever read about. Elie reminded me of myself because I know I would try my best to keep my parents alive too. I admired Juliek because even though he was dying he still played his violin. He to persevered. I would recommend this book because it shows how strong the will to live is.
naturally strong, bald,
Elie's Father, Elie
will never see his family
wants to rest
stayed on the train when
everyone that was alive left
weaker, tired, determined, older
Mier Katz, his Father
his father being thrown out of the cattle car
being strangled to death
starving to death
keep his father alive
preventing his dad from being thrown
out of the cattle car
all the prisoners were
stuffed into a wagons
the dead prisoners were
thrown out every few
Elie's father was almost taken because they thought he was dead
They arrived in Buchenwald.
Elie was strangled.
The prisoners left the wagons
Elie witnessed a son and father both die over a piece of bread
Mier Katz was left behind on the wagon
Ashen, p. 155- of the pale gray
color of ash
"His eyes lit up, a smile, like a
grimace, illuminated his ashen
Indifference, p. 151- lack of
interest, concern, or sympathy
"Our minds numb with
"The days resembled the nights left in our souls the dregs of their darkness"
Dregs, p. 153- the most
"Years later, I witnessed
a similar spectacle in
Spectacle, p. 154- an
event or scene
Vitality, p. 154- the state of
being strong and active energy
"An extraordinary vitality
possessed them, sharpening their teeth and nails."
Chapter 7 was powerful to me. I admired Elie's strength to keep himself and his father alive. I also admired Elie's father for trying to help Meir Katz keep his spirits up. I was angry at the women who threw coins at the children at Aden because I felt like I experienced what Elie went through when the Germans through bread at the prisoners. The theme to me would be keep your mind on staying alive. The reason is that all the things the prisoners went through they kept their mind on staying alive and made it the next day and the day after that. I would recommend this book to anyone who wants to see the harsh reality of the Holocaust.
big, hairy, heartless, tall, German, older
keep everyone alive
tells Elie that he should be taking
his fathers rations
dying, old, depressed
leaving his son with nothing
wants water and bread
wants to die
gets beat and taken advantage of
tells Elie wear all their valuables are
They arrived in the camps and
Elie's father wants to rest and die.
Elie tried to abandoned his father.
Elie's father became really
ill and went to the hospital.
Other patients beat Elie's
father for his ration of bread
Elie's father dies
Elie looks down to his father's bunk and
sees another ill prisoner
Elie did not weep of his
fathers death but felt relief.
This chapter was difficult for me to read. I knew that Elie's father was going to die but it happened so slowly throughout the chapters. I was angry at the Blockalteste who promoted Elie to take his father's rations. Elie's father reminded me of my great-grandmother who fought the best she could to stay alive. The theme to me would be family first becuase even though everyone wanted Elie to abondon his father he stood by him to the very end. Based on Elie's father death i would definetly not recommend this book to everyone. i would recommned it to people i know could handle a book like this.
Dysentery, p.164- infection
of the intestines
"Suffering from dysentery,
my father was prostrate on
his cot, with another five
sick inmates nearby."
Prostrate, p. 164- lying stretched out on the ground with one's face downward
"Suffering from dysentery, my
father was prostrate on his cot,
with another five sick inmates
Curtly, p. 164- rudely
"He stared at him,
then asked curtly:
"what do you want?"
Labored, p.165- done with
great effort and difficulty
"His breathing was
Riveted, p. 165- attract
and completely engross
"I was riveted to my
the other prisoners
not being able to eat
was evacuated from the concentration camps
didnt recognize himself in the mirror in the hospital
young and old, weak, hungry,
tired, ready to be evacuated
not being evacuated
dying in a concentration camp
are evacuated from
Elie is not focused on his life but just getting some food
there are rumors that the camps were being evacuated
there are rumors the camps were going to be liquidated
there was a battle between the Germans and the resistance
the camps were evacuated
Elie witnessed the prisoners drink eat nd have fun but they did not seek revenge
Elie becomes ill and goes to a hospital. he looks in the mirror and does not recognize himself.
Idleness, p. 170- not
active or use
"I spent my days in
never done or known
"Such lateness was
unprecedented in the
history of Buchenwald."
Provisions, p. 172- the action of
providing or supplying something
"Our first acts was to throw
ourselves onto the
Depths, p. 173- the distance from the
top or surface of something to its
"From the depths of the
mirror, a corpse was
Contemplating, p. 173- looking
thoughtfully for a long time at
"From the depths of the mirror,
a corpse was contemplating
I enjoyed reading this chapter because they were freed. The theme for this chapter to me would be free at last. After the years of being tortured and in prison the surviving prisoners were finally free. I would definitely recommend this book because after all the saddening chapters i read something that lifted my spirits. Even though they went through horrible things they did not seek revenge. That is true freedom.
The setting of the novel was located throughout Europe. In the beginning it was located in Elie's hometown of Transylvania. Then in the next chapter the setting changed to two types of ghettos. After that in the next chapter the setting was in cattle cars. After that they were in Auschwitz. Then in the next chapter they were transferred to another concentration camp called Buna. Lastly the setting was in Buchenwald, another concentration camp. The setting stayed the same in the sense that they were all prisons but the conditions became harder to handle.
In the novel, by Elie Wiesel, the author makes everything work together to send the reader a message. The theme or message of the reading is the importance of perseverance and strength. The main element of the story that help create this theme were the characters.
First Elie himself help send the message of strength and perseverance. Elie is a model of the power of mental strength. Throughout the novel he was mentally strong even though his physical strength was gone. He persevered through the trials and tribulations the concentration camps put in front of him and he survived.
The second character who showed perseverance and strength would be Elie's father. Even though he died at the end of the novel he persevered through the beginning and the middle of the novel. He was weaker than Elie and wanted to die but because of his son's encouragement he did the most he could to survive. Sadly, he became ill with a disease. I admire him for surviving as long as he did.
The final character who displayed the theme would be Juliek. He always seemed upbeat and happy to be alive because he was so mentally strong. He found piece with his violin and never seemed angry. Then when he was suffocating he did not accept his fate and die. He persevered and did what he did best, play his violin. As a result he died doing something he loved.
The author's theme or message is clear. It is that perseverance and strength is very important. The three characters Elie, Elie's father, and Juliek displayed strength and perseverance that made me understand the Holocaust and Elie's story much better.