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Lit 2 - World Literature - Boccaccio, Giovanni
Transcript of Lit 2 - World Literature - Boccaccio, Giovanni
The Decameron (subtitle: Prencipe Galeotto) is a collection of 100 tales by Giovanni Boccaccio, probably begun in 1350 and finished in 1351. It is a medieval allegorical work best known for its bawdy tales of love, appearing in all its possibilities from the erotic to the tragic. Other topics such as wit and witticism, practical jokes and worldly initiation also form part of the mosaic. Beyond its entertainment and literary popularity it remains an important historical document of life in the fourteenth century, and has been influential with later authors such as Geoffrey Chaucer. It influences another collection of stories. That collection is know as The Canterbury Tales. Structurally, this collection bears the influence of The Decameron, which Chaucer, the author, is said to have come across during his first diplomatic mission to Italy in 1372. However, Chaucer peoples his tales with 'sondry folk' rather than Boccaccio's fleeing nobles. This Short story is one of
the stories written by Boccaccio.
These stories form a collection
which is called "The Decameron." Plot Characters setting A young gentleman by the name of Federigo falls in love with a beautiful lady named Monna Giovanna. He spends large amounts of money trying to gain her attention but she remains indifferent to his love. Eventually he loses everything and is forced to live in poverty in a little farm with only his beloved pet falcon for company. Meanwhile Monna Giovanna's husband dies and her son falls very ill. The sick child asks his mother to get him Federigo's falcon. She goes to visit Federigo to ask for the falcon. As she arrives at Federigo's house, he is very distressed to see her and not having any food in the house to offer her. Not knowing the cause of her visit, Federigo kills his falcon and makes it into a meal for his visitor. After dinner Monna Giovanna reveals the reason for her visit. Federigo is devastated that he cannot help her and she has to leave empty-handed. Monna Giovanna's son dies. After a period of mourning, Monna Giovanna, who is rich and still young and beautiful, rewards Federigo's loyalty by marrying him. 1. Federigo - the son of Messer Filippo Alberighi, renowned above all other men in Tuscany for his prowess in arms and for his courtliness. Once a rich man but spent alot just to attract his love.
2. Monna Giovanna - a widow that had a son who was ill. She is Federigo's Love.
Federigo and Monna Giovanna live in fourteenth-century Italy, most likely to have witten in the Renaissance period. Story-wise, most of the events happen in one setting, Federigo's farm. Due to the lose of his wealth, Federigo owns a small farm with his most prized companion, his falcon. Summary
Squandering his wealth in an attempt to gain the affection of a beautiful woman, Federigo degli Alberighi is left with only a small farm and a magnificent falcon. Federigo loves Monna Giovanna, a young woman of nobility who is already married and has a son. After her wealthy husband dies, Monna and her son travel to their country estate near the farm where Federigo lives. The boy becomes friends with him and covets the prized falcon. Soon the boy is sick. He has one request: "Mother, if you can arrange for me to have Federigo's falcon, I think I would get well quickly." Monna is well aware of Federigo's love for her, but she also realizes how attached the man is to the falcon. Monna makes an unannounced visit to Federigo's farm. Before she declares the purpose of her call, he decides to honor Monna with a meal. Unfortunately, Federigo has nothing to serve her. He catches a glimpse of his falcon on its perch. He breaks its neck and has it roasted on a spit. Monna eats the bird unaware that it is the animal she has come to request for her son. After dining, she asks Federigo for his falcon. All he can do is weep. He then reveals that he sacrificed the creature to provide a meal worthy of Monna. A few days later, her son dies. After a period of sorrow and resentment, she marries Federigo.