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Copy of Author's Purpose, Perspective, and Point of View

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by

Debbie Powers

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Author's Purpose, Perspective, and Point of View

Author's Purpose, Perspective, and Point of View
What are the reasons an author writes?
To persuade
To inform
To entertain
To self-reflect or share an event
How do I know the author's purpose?
Look for clues: If the text is...
Arguments, messages, and opinions=
P
ERSUADE
Full of facts=

I
NFORM
Stories=
E
NTERTAIN
"I" statements=
S
HARE/Reflecting on feelings or emotions

Essential Question
How can I identify the author's perspective?
Objective
At the end of this lesson, you will be able to identify the author's perspective.
What is the difference between Author's Purpose and Perspective?
Turn to your elbow partner and discuss.
Practice finding the Author's Purpose...
1. A map of the world, showing all of the continents, countries, and oceans?
2. The first issue of Wolverine, published in 1982?
3. A speech written by a famous basketball player urging young people to stay in school.
4. An ode written by Shakespeare to his love.
Author's Perspective
The opinions and beliefs that the author shares with the reader through the text.
How they feel about the topic (serious, humorous,
sad, angry)
How do you identify the author's perspective?
In order to understand the point of view of the author we have to become skilled at identifying and inferring the author's beliefs, and separate opinions from facts.

Look back at the essential question?
Turn to your shoulder partner and discuss what the difference is between author's purpose and the author's perspective.
RI.6.6 - Determine an author's point of view or purpose in a text and explain how it is conveyed in the text.
RI.6.5 Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.
RI.6.10-By the end of the year, read and comprehend literary nonfiction in the grades 6-8 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

Share
How can I identify the author's perspective?
Give an example of a time when it would be important for you to recognize an author’s perspective when reading a text?
Why is it important for readers to understand an author's perspective?
Understanding perspective helps us to read critically in order to judge the information contained in a text.
It is easy to spot an advertiser's perspective on television. For example, an ad urging us to stop off-shore drilling for oil will use photographs of the devastation caused by the drilling. For example...
How does the author of that advertisement
feel about off shore drilling?
Politicians use ads to persuade us to vote for them. They share points of view on topics by telling us why their opponents are wrong. Just as we become better consumers, and more informed citizens by interpreting television ads, we become better readers when we determine an authors point of view, and the validity of the text. The ability to understand WHY authors write improves our ability to comprehend text.



We must recognize that every writer views his or her subject through a certain lens, or point of view, that is shaped by the writer's values and beliefs.


What if a writer who works for Apple is asked to write a review of the Iphone?
What if a writer who works for Android and is writing a review of the Iphone?
To determine the author's
perspective we must:
1. Look for any language (
Word Choice
) that leads us to their opinion. Any strong (loaded) words or a sense of bias (or preference towards an idea or way of thinking.
2. Listen for the
Tone
, where we can "hear" feelings or attitude
Look at title.
3. Look for any information to find out about the author’s background.
4. Look at key quotes that show underlying meaning!
Why did the author write this selection?
What opinions or belief statements are evident in the article?
Why do you think the author has this particular opinion or perspective?
What evidence did the author include to support their opinions?

Let's read the article
"What Video Games Can Teach Us"
How can authors influence readers?
What is one way we can tell how an author feels about the subject they are writing about?

Self-evaluate
Why did the author write this selection?
What opinions or belief statements are evident in the article?
Why do you think the author has this particular opinion or perspective?
What evidence did the author include to support their opinions?
Full transcript