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2.What is Society? (Functionalism, Conflict, Symbolic Interaction)
Transcript of 2.What is Society? (Functionalism, Conflict, Symbolic Interaction)
Society & how does it work?
What is Society?
communal beliefs, morals & attitudes:
Society is greater than the sum of its parts
low division of labor
same work = think the same
high division of labor
different values can co-exist
laws formalize morals
Can feel more alienated, unless advanced enough to create new social norms.
Anomie: collective norms weak, little social/moral guidance
laws, morals, values, religious beliefs VS
socialization: learning norms and values of workplace and society
Social control: respect for authority and law.
Social mobility: Social placement
working in small groups
government, family religion, culture
Mead & Goffman
1. Private Ownership of industry (your own kisses)
2. Free competition (game)
3. Unequal economic classes (some have more kisses)
Stealing, lying to get back in the game.
No govt. needed
Marx's critique of capitalism
From the product
Marx's ideas on Alienation
From the process
Wealthy (bourgeois class) own means of production
use government, laws, authority to maintain and expand
C. Wright Mills
rules of society stacked in favor of privileged few who stay on top
social capital (networks & institutional relationships)
Economic capital (financial)
Cultural capital (Ways of speaking & dress)
exchange of meaning through symbols & language is primary
way we interact with social world
we interact with things based on
ascribed to them.
by a person when dealing with the thing in a
habitualization: we do stuff, because people before us did stuff...
Thomas theorem: if we say it's real, it has real consequences
self-fulfilling prophecy (like a run on a bank)
Role: pattern of behavior
ie: it's the norms, values and behavior we expect to go along with a status (social position)
position a person occupies in a setting
Ascribed: female, old person
Achieved: student, drop out
role strain: within one role (stress of being a student)
role conflict: different roles (working student)
what we see
and we know we're being observed, so we think about how we are being perceived:
Front stage vs backstage, setting matters, props reinforce impression, need shared reality (what role is everyone?) cultural "scripts"
master status: status that takes over