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Gedung Ramah Lingkungan dan Berkinerja Tinggi

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Totok Sulistiyanto

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Gedung Ramah Lingkungan dan Berkinerja Tinggi

3
Terima
kasih

SELUBUNG
BANGUNAN OTTV RENDAH
TEKNOLOGI TINGGI & INOVASI
ELEMEN BANGUNAN & UTILITAS KINERJA TINGGI
Peralatan/utilitas yang efisien, berlabel green
Waste heat recovery
Co-generation, Tri-generation
Lift/eskalator dengan VSD, DCS, smart disk, regeneratif
Gedung pintar, sistem otomasi bangunan (BAS)
Selubung bangunan dengan peneduh – sirip – overhang – tirai otomatis
Sistem Tata Udara dilengkapi heatpipe, roda desikan, pengontrol CO2, pengontrol okupansi
Sistem Tata Cahaya dengan kotrol lux, okupansi, sensor gerak, timer, alarm
Konsep ruang terbuka
Optimasi rasio L/V vol ruang menjadi maks
Compact building shell, thermal mass, cool roof
Radiant cooling – slab cooling – chilled beam
Natural ventilation – cross ventilation
Bio-mimicry, micro-climate, roof gardening
Desain Pasif dan Aktif
Reduksi Konsumsi Energi
DESAIN PASIF
Reduksi Konsumsi Energi
DESAIN AKTIF PARSIAL
Pemulihan & Hemat Energi
DESAIN AKTIF
Perolehan Energi & Air
DESAIN AKTIF
Rain water harvesting
Desain lorong angin dan turbin angin
Vacuum tube solar collectors
PV di atap dan façade thin film PV
Energi alternatif dari biogas septic tank
Solar Cooling System
OPTIMASI
NERACA
ENERGI
BANGUNAN EFISIENSI TINGGI
CBECS: Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey
CBECS-1999: 268 kWth/m2/yr
ASHRAE 90.1-2004: 161 kWth/m2/yr
ASHRAE 90.1-2007: 148 kWth/m2/yr
Target Intensitas Konsumsi Energi (IKE)
Tipe Bangunan dan IKE
Gambar 2. Tujuh aspek yang mempengaruhi desain bangunan hemat energi yang bisa dikontrol oleh tim desain.
Gambar 1. Empat aspek utama yang mempengaruhi desain bangunan hemat energi yang bisa dikontrol oleh developer.
Panduan Desain Bangunan Hemat Energi
Diadopsi dari: Indian Institute of Technology
Sumber: Buku Pedoman Efisiensi Energi - EBTKE, ESDM
Biaya Siklus Hidup Bangunan
Diadopsi dari: Green Building Council Indonesia
Biaya Dipengaruhi Tahapan Pembangunan Gedung
Sumber: Buku Pedoman Efisiensi Energi - EBTKE, ESDM
Sumber: Buku Pedoman Efisiensi Energi - EBTKE, ESDM
Renovasi Kantor Hemat Energi - EECCHI Kemen ESDM
Can a skyscraper produce more energy than it consumes?
"net" zero-energy footprint Skidmore, Owings
Pearl River Tower
303 metres--69 floors and a total floor area of 212,165 m²
Net-Zero Energy Buildings
EEI = 90 kWh/m2/y
Light Power Density = 7-10 W/m2
10 MW Onsite power generation
115 kV MEA dual feed electrical grid connection
Onsite distributed electrical substations with emergency diesel generator sets
Chiller plant by Combined Heat and Power generation (CHP), as well as gas fired absorption chillers and back up electric chillers
Cooling Thermal Storage with building structure and chilled water tank
Geothermal Heat Sink
24 Hr Air-conditioning
DEECS (Dual Enthalpy Economizers Controls)
Dedicated Indoor Air Quality control system
Demand control ventilation system
Fully automatic water sprinkler system for the whole building
New Bangkok Government Center 2003
Integrasi CHP dengan HVAC Systems
Renewable Energy and Green Concept
Tampines Ave 5
Tampines Ave 10
AERIAL VIEW OF THE CAMPUS
Rangkuman Faktor Pendorong…
Masalah Lingkungan yang Mengglobal: 1. Climate change; 2. Peak oil; 3. Energy security; 4. Water scarcity and cost; 5. Increasing cost and decreasing availability of raw materials; 6. Environmental impact of centralized power generation; 7. Using New and Renewable Energy
Mekanisme Pasar: 1. Increasing and uncertain future cost of electricity and gas; 2. Proliferation of consumer electronics (increased plug loads); 3. More and cheaper products due to globalization of manufacturing; 4. Increase in available funding for EE; 5. Increased adoption of Green Building; 6. Market awareness, utility demos and outreach; 7. Energy efficiency promoted through mainstream media
Perubahan Perilaku: 1. Consumer desire to be “green” and reduce embedded 2. Consumer desire for comfort and aesthetics; 3. Personal energy independence/interest in living off the grid; 4. Increased awareness of impact of behavior on energy usage; 5. People like cool, new technologies; 6. People more "plugged in" electronically, digital information, social networking
Peraturan Pemerintah: 1. Carbon emissions penalties and/or incentives; 2. Use of codes and standards to lock in efficiency gains; 3. Increasing budgets for emerging technology R 5. Integrated resource planning; 6. Increased interest among legislators in efficiency and renewables; 7. Limits to existing transmission and generation capacity; 8. Smart grid technology development
Inovasi Teknologi: 1. Integration of info, communication 2. Availability of new technologies; 3. Availability of cross-cutting, low-cost technology for building
Konsep
ruang terbuka,
rasio L/V tinggi
Compact,
thermal mass, cool roof
Radiant cooling,
slab cooling, chilled beam
Cross ventilation natural ventilation
Biomimicry
Micro climate
roof gardening
Selubung
bangunan, peneduh, sirip, overhang, tirai
STU - heatpipe,
roda desikan
Sistem
tata cahaya
Pencahayaan alami

Pengontrol CO2,
sensor okupansi
Efficient Chiller
Waste heat recovery
Co-generation
three-generation
Escalator/lift dg
DCS, VSD, regeneratif
Energy
monitoring system
Rain water
and wind harvesting
PV, thin film,
hybrid system

biogas and
thermal energy storage
Solar cooling
Building
Automation System
Energy Saving
Totok Sulistiyanto - Green Professional
GP Greenship - GBCI
ASHRAE Indonesia Chapter
Full transcript