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How the Viet Cong fought the war
Transcript of How the Viet Cong fought the war
The Tet Offensive was one of the largest military campaigns of the Vietnam War which was launched on January 30th 1968 (Tet is a buddhist holiday). It was made by the Viet Cong against South Vietnam. The campaign consisted of a series of surprise attacks against control centres, military bases and major cities in South Vietnam.
Terror was used as a standard tactic of the Viet Cong.
They collected rice at gunpoint in order to keep eating. The Viet Cong had squads fill assassination quotas every month.
The purpose of the terror tactics was "to smash the southern regime"
Relationships with peasants
Indoctrination and propaganda
USA called Viet Cong fighters 'gooks'
Propaganda was used extensively by Communist forces in the Vietnam War as means of controlling people's opinions. Radio stations like Radio Hanoi were a key part of North Vietnamese propaganda operations.
Code of Behaviour
The Viet Cong had to follow a very strict code of behavior. When they entered a peasant village, they were not to destroy or damage any houses or crops. Furthermore, they weren't to buy or borrow anything that the villager did not want to sell or lend. On top of this they were not allowed to break promises made to the villages and they should help the villagers with their everyday tasks.
A guerrilla is a civilian who attacks a regular army. When civilians attack civilians, it is called terrorism but when two or more armies (representing countries) attack each other, this is a war.
Guerrilla warfare is a war tactic in which people (Origin:Spanish: guerrilleros) use the land and geography as an advantage against an organized army. Guerrilla warfare is sometimes practiced from dense areas such as forests, or jungles. Usually, this army is invading a territory.
Guerrilla is a word of Spanish origin. It means "little war". This war tactic was used on the Americans during the Vietnamese War.
How the Viet Cong fought the war
Purposes of Vietnamese Propaganda
1. To fight the enemy & protect the nation
2. To declare the territory of Vietnam
3.To pass hope to the younger generation
4. To be the good example
5. To unite Vietnam and encourage people to develop the country
6. To praise the communist party
7. To develop the economy
8. To set up social values
The peasants in South Vietnam were keen to have the Viet Cong win the war as they were badly treated under Diem's government and so thought that the north's support from large countries would help their lives. The Viet Cong were seen as liberators, not terrorists.
Ho Chi Minh Trail
The Vietcong were supplied with rockets and other weapons by China and Russia, the large communist powers in the world. These weapons were supplied via the Ho Chi Minh trail.
The Viet Cong had deep but thin underground tunnels which allowed them to live underground but come up to fight. These tunnels were too small for the tyical american soldier to get into as the vietnamese were smaller than the americans.
The Ho Chi Minh trail was a 1000 mile trail along the border of Laos and Cambodia through the jungle which gave the Viet Minh concealment i order to transport weapons to the Soth based Viet Cong. By having the supply routes running through other countries, the Americans could not do very much withut escelating the war
The North was obviously supporting the Viet Cong but they also had the support of the Russia and China in the form of weapons and supplies needed for the war. Sweden also provided assistance to the Viet Cong including medical supplies worth $550000. The support from Sweden was not in military form but rather of a humanitarian nature