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Diabetes

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Yvette Ovalle

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of Diabetes

Metabolism
Disorder
metabol/o change; transformation
-ism state of
Metabolism consists of
anabolism (the buildup of substances)
and catabolism (the breakdown of substances).
Diabetes Mellitus
classed as a metabolism disorder
Metabolism refers to the way our bodies use digested food for energy and growth.
What's the Magic Word?
Glucose cannot enter our cells without insulin being present - insulin makes it possible for our cells to take in the glucose.

Prevalence
In 2013, an estimation of 382 million people throughout the world had diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes - the body does not produce insulin. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1.
Type 2 Diabetes - the body does not produce enough insulin for proper function. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
Prevention
Control your weight by:
Learning to say "No."
Not over-eating, know your limit
Maintaining your proper weight
Consulting a Dietician
Get Moving
Turn off the television and go on an adventure
Dancing, or simply walking, for 30 minutes a day can lower your risks
Tune Up Your Diet
Eat the greens! Salads are your best friends.
Don't forget the protein and grains for a well balanced diet.
NO FAST FOOD!!!
Candy is only sweet to the taste buds, not your body.
Diagnostics
Tests for type 1 and type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes
•Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test
•Random blood sugar test
•Fasting blood sugar test
•Oral glucose tolerance test
Insulin injection
Novolin R injection
Metformin
Nesina oral
Riomet oral
Duetact oral
There are many more, but this is a few common medications.
Prescribed Medications
Toxicology
The combination of oral medications, Metformin with Riomet, may result in the condition of Lactic Acidosis.
Lactic acidosis
is a rare but serious complication that can occur due to metformin accumulation.
Roles of :
Medical Assistants provide:
Drawing blood
Taking medical histories
Preparing patients for examination
Removing sutures and changing dressings
Explaining treatment procedures to patients
Instructing patients about medication and special diets
Preparing and administering medications as directed by a physician
Collecting and preparing laboratory specimens
Authorizing prescription refills as directed
Assisting the physician during exams
Performing basic laboratory tests
Taking electrocardiograms
DIABETES

Prognosis
7th leading cause of death in the United States and over 15 million American have diabetes
Leading cause of:
adult blindness
kidney failure
lower extremity amputation
Second most common chronic condition seen by American doctors
2/3 of people with diabetes die of heart disease
TREATMENT and THERAPY
The treatment of diabetes is usually a complex program involving a specific diet and exercise, along with prescription and herbal medication(s).
Acupuncture Therapy is another option
PATHOLOGY
Insulin has important functions in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fatty acids and amino acids.
When these molecules enter the blood stream in their absorptive state, insulin catalyzes their cellular uptake and synthesize into glycogen, triglycerides and proteins.
By promoting protein synthesis, insulin enhances the activity of cellular mechanisms.
Insulin is the only hormone capable of down-regulating blood sugar, and thus patients suffering from IDDM experience acute periods of hyperglycemia
(too much glucose in the blood).
TRIVIA
What is a random blood sugar test?
A blood sample that will be taken at a random time
What can you do to prevent diabetes?
Control your weight
Get moving
Tune up your diet
What is one symptom of pre-diabetes?
No symptoms
Pharmacy Technicians
are in a unique position to identify patients in need of counseling regarding glucose meter selection and usage. Beyond providing the knowledge for various medications, Pharmacy Technicians need to have solid knowledge of various aspects of diabetes and diabetes monitoring in order to respond to patient questions and identify patients that may benefit from interaction with a pharmacist.
Patient interaction regarding meters often results in additional counseling opportunities about diabetes management and ongoing monitoring.
Surgical Technicians
possess knowledge and skills in sterile and aseptic techniques. They are to be able to anticipate the next move the surgeon is going to make in order to make the procedure as smooth and efficient as possible.
By having the knowledge of hundreds of surgical procedures and the steps the surgeon needs to take in order to complete the procedure including the very wide range of surgical instruments they may need, they are able to accomplish extensive tasks.
Healthcare Administrators or Management
will:
Assist the patient over the phone
Greet patient upon entry of healthcare facility
Schedule patients' appointments
Input necessary information into correct computer applications
Update and file patient medical records
Complete the coding and filling-out of insurance forms
Arrange for hospital admissions and laboratory services
Handle correspondence, billing, and bookkeeping
Regardless of the environmental context, administrators and managers at all levels in health care organizations spend significant amounts of time and place high value on communication, problem solving and decision making, collaboration with other disciplines, people development, and cost containment.
Citations
Metabol/o-. (2012, June 13). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.funnelbrain.com/c-1174894-metabol-o.html

Metabolic. (2014, November 22). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=18074

(n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/diabetes/

Diabetes Symptoms. (2015, September 12). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/symptoms/?loc=superfooter

What is Insulin? (2014, May 24). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/type-1-diabetes/what-insulin

Basics of Diabetes. (2014, January 1). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.orthop.washington.edu/?q=patient-care/articles/arthritis/diabetes-basics.html

Reinberg, S. (2013, December 17). Ear Acupuncture May Hold Promise for Weight Loss – WebMD. Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.webmd.com/diet/news/20131217/ear-acupuncture-may-hold-promise-for-weight-loss

The Pathology of Diabetes. (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://biomed.brown.edu/Courses/BI108/BI108_2003_Groups/Diabetes_Technology/type1.htm

Riomet - FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses. (2014, September 1). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.drugs.com/pro/riomet.html

What is a Medical Assistant? (2014, January 1). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.aama-ntl.org/medical-assisting/what-is-a-medical-assistant#.VG4tVzCJOuY

(n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://js.drugwatch.com/wp-content/themes/responsive/img/template/actos/symptoms-of-acidosis.jpg

(n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://savvyhealthfitness.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/diabetes_type2.jpg

Blood Glucose: Pharmacy Care and Patient Self-Monitoring - The Role of Pharmacy Technicians. (2012, February 22). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.proce.com/activities/activity_detail?id=6

Surgical technologist. (2014, October 11). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Surgical_technologist

Result Filters. (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2014, from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10363017
What organ does not require insulin to receive glucose?
The brain
What is a brand name of insulin injection medication?
Novolin R
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