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ARCH-1006-14

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Transcript of ARCH-1006-14

ARCH-1006-14
S. BALDIZON, M. CARR
E. STOKES, S. WENTZELL
2013/11/13
I.M. Pei

Ieoh Ming Pei
Born:
April 17th 1917 in Guangzhou, China


I. M. Pei
Grande Louvre Pyramid
Paris France, 1989

Education:
University of Pennsylvania
Massachusses Institute of Technology
Harvard Graduates of Design

ARCH-1006-14
S.BALDIZON, M. CARR,
E. STOKES, S. WENTZELL
2013/11/13
I.M. Pei
l
eoh
M
ing
P
ei
BORN:
April 26th, 1917 Canton, China

EDUCATION:
Master of Architecture
Harvard Graduate School of Design
Bachelor of Architecture
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

CAREER:
Director of Architecture, Webb & Knapp
Pei Cobb Freed & Partners
Philosophy

Overview
I.M. Pei:
Biography
Curriculum Vitae
Approach
Projects:
The Louvre Pyramid, Paris
The Bank of China, Hong Kong


Curriculum Vitae:






Doctor of Fine Arts Honorary Degree:
Harvard University, New York University, University of Pennsylvania, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Carnegie Mellon University, Northeastern University, University of Massachusetts, University of Rochester, Brown University, Dartmouth College

Doctor of Laws Honorary Degree:
Chinese University of Hong Kong, Pace University

Doctor of Humane Letters Honorary Degree:
Columbia University, University of Colorado, University of Hong Kong, American University of Paris

Laurea Honoris Causa Architecture:
University of Rome

Wheelwright Traveling Fellowship
Harvard Graduate School of Design 1951

Master of Architecture
Harvard Graduate School of Design 1946

Bachelor of Architecture
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1940

Alpha Rho Chi Medal
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1940

Traveling Fellowship
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1940

AIA Medal
Massachusetts Institute of Technology 1940
I. M. Pei
Grande Louvre Pyramid
Paris France, 1989

"I told the president that I considered it a great honour, but I could not accept the job immediately. I asked him if he would give me four months to think about it -I had already decided I wanted to do this, but I wanted to see if it would possible to do it" - I.M. Pei
After Construction
First Sketches
Section Drawing
Early Construction
Awards
Title of Officier de La Legion d'Honneur

Award of Excellence of the Association of Consulting Engineer of Canada
Site Plan

"I believe that architecture is a pragmatic art. To become art it must be built on a foundation of necessity" - I.M. Pei
I.M Pei
The Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong
1990

Building Awards

1992 Internazionale Marmi e Machine Carrara, S. P. A.: Marble Architectural Award, East Asia



1991 R. S. Reynolds Memorial Award



1990 l'Association des Ingénieurs,
Conseils du Canada: Prix d'Excellence



1989 New York Association of Consulting Engineers: Award for Engineering Excellence



1989 American Consulting Engineering Council: Grand Award



1989 Structural Engineers Association of Illinois: Best Structure Award



First Sketches


Site Plan
Elevation
Facts:

Gross Floor Area
130,000m2

Time Frame
Planning: 12/82–
Construction: 4/85–
Completion: 3/90

Budget of HK$1 billion (US$130 million).

369 meters high, 72 floors


Robert Broadfoot, director of the Political and Economic Risk Consultancy, does not agree. ''The building is big and tall,'' he said. ''It dominates; it declares China's sovereignty. I think they love it.''
Model


"Of all of the Grands Projects in Paris, none created such a stir as the Pei Pyramids in the courtyard of the famous Louvre Museum. Spectacular in concept and form, they provide a startling reminder of the audacious ability of modern architects to invigorate and recirculate traditional architectural forms." - Dennis Sharp.
"Like the engineer Eiffel, Mr. Pei has played on the French love of both technology and monumentality, and he has created a structure that neatly marries the two. The pyramid is, first and foremost, an exquisite object, less a real building than an elegant abstraction, floating in the Louvre courtyard amid a set of new reflecting pools and fountains. By day it is crisp; at night it emits a soft glow." - Paul Goldberger
I.M Pei
National Center for Atmospheric Research
Boulder, Colorado
Inspired by the Suzhou Gardens
I.M. Pei
The Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong
1990
Critique
''There was a sentimental reason why the Chinese came to me, and why I accepted,'' Mr. Pei said. His father, Tsu Yee Pei, a banker, opened the Bank of China's first Hong Kong branch in 1919
''The bank had never wanted to symbolically state its presence,'' he explained. What the bank got was a design that dominates the Hong Kong skyline, ''a form that came out of function,'' Mr. Pei said. In Hong Kong, where land is very expensive, developers cannot build out, so they build up. The site was hidden behind 40- to 50-story buildings; even a 60-story building would barely be seen.
"I told the president that I considered it a great honor, but I could not accept the job immediately, I asked him if he would give me four months to think about it -I had already decided I wanted to do this, but I wanted to see if it would be possible to do it" - I.M. Pei
References:
"PEI COBB FREED & PARTNERS Architects - Official Site." <i>PEI COBB FREED & PARTNERS Architects - Official Site</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://www.pcf-p.com/&gt;.

"I M Pei." <i>The Architectural Review</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://www.architectural-review.com/i-m-pei/8634670.article&gt;.


"I M Pei." <i>The Architectural Review</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://www.architectural-review.com/i-m-pei/8634670.article&gt;.


"I M Pei." <i>The Architectural Review</i>. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. &lt;http://www.architectural-review.com/i-m-pei/8634670.article&gt;.

"i. m. pei / bank of china, hong kong." i. m. pei / bank of china, hong kong. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013. <http://www.designboom.com/portrait/pei_bank.html>.
QUESTIONS:
1. What Quote best describes I.M Pei's thoughts on architecture?

A) "To create architecture is to put in order. Put what in order? Function and objects."

B) "Architecture should speak of its time and place, but yearn for timelessness."

C) "I believe that architecture is a pragmatic art. To become art it must be built on a foundation of necessity"


2. What school did I.M Pei receive his Bachelor Degree of Architecture?

A) Harvard Graduate School of Design

B) Massachusetts Institute of Technology

C) Pennsylvania State University
Full transcript