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Copy of Behaviorist: Ruby Payne

Chronicle of Dr. Payne's precepts on poverty and learning
by

Tonya Garcia

on 13 April 2011

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Transcript of Copy of Behaviorist: Ruby Payne

Ruby Payne, Ph.D:
Understanding Poverty
A Behaviorist's Perspective Author of several books related to
poverty and the culture of poverty. Most well known for her book entitled Considered an expert on the mindsets of economic classes and on crossing socioeconomic lines in education, work, and for social change. Dr. Ruby Payne's work stems from more than 30 years of first-hand experience in the public schools, as school department head, principal, and central office administrator of staff development. She received her B.A. from Goshen College in Indiana She earned a master's degree in English Literature from Western Michigan University She earned a doctorate in Educational Leadership & Policy from Loyola University in Illinois She became known for helping students from all economic backgrounds to achieve academic success The basis of her research is a 32 yr case study of a 98% white neighborhood comprised of 50 to 70 people Basis of her philosophy is that Economic realities shape peoples behaviors and thinking. There is a distinction between mindset and money. You can have money without the mindset and the mindset without the money. She emphasises that this is about economic diversity, and encourages
her audiences not to confuse economic diversity with racial diversity. There are certain things you do in certain environments to survive. Key Points to Understanding Poverty 1. Poverty is relative. If everyone around you has similar circumstances, the
notion of poverty and wealth is ambiguous, at best.
Poverty and wealth exists in relationship to known quantities or expectaitons. 2. Poverty occurs in all races
and in all countries. The notion of a middle class as a large segment of society
is a phenomenon of this century. The percentage of the population that is poor is subject to definititon and circumsatnces. 3. Economic class is a continuous line,
not a clear-cut distinction. In 2004, the poverty line in the U.S. was considered $18, 850 for
a family of four. According to census data from 2003, the median household income was $43, 318, and 15% of U.S. households earned more than $100,000/year. 4. Generational poverty and
situational poverty are different. Generational poverty is defined as being in poverty for two generations or longer. Situational poverty is a shorter time and is caused by circumstances (i.e., death, illness, divorce, etc.). 5. This work is based on patterns.
All patterns have exceptions. 6. An individual brings with him/her
the hidden rules of the class. Even though the income if the individual may rise significantly, many of the patterns of thought, social interaction, cognitive strategies, etc. remain with the individual. 7. Schools and businesses operate
from middle-class norms and use the
hidden rules of the middle class. These norms and rules are not directly taught in schools or businesses. 8. For our students to be successful, we must understand their hidden rules and teach them the rules that will make them successsful at school and at work. 9. We can neither excuse students nor scold them for not knowing; as educators we must teach them and provide support, insistence, and expectations. 10. To move from poverty to middle class or middle class to wealth, and individual must give up relationships for achievement (at least for some period of time). 11. Two things that help one move out of poverty are education and relationships. 12. Four reseasons one leaves poverty are: a. it's too painful to stay
b. a vision or a goal
c. a key relationship
d. or a special talent References Aha! Process, Inc. (2011). About Ruby Payne. Retrieved March 3, 2011, from Aha Process: http://www.ahaprocess.com/About_Us/Ruby_Payne.html

Aha! Process. (2009). Hidden Rules of Time and Money. Retrieved March 3, 2011, from YouTube

Aha! Process, Inc. (2008, February 1). You Tube. Retrieved March 3, 2011, from Ruby Payne - hidden Rules: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-k7vWvCeeM&NR=1

Ruby K. Payne, P. (2005). A Framework for Understanding Poverty (4th ed.). Highlands, TX, USA: aha!Process, Inc. Resources Financial Emotional Mental Spiritual Physical Support Systems Relationship
Models Knowledge of
Hidden Rules
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