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Objective: Students will be able to explain how the US and the USSR tried to spread or stop each other’s influence in the world.
About 64 years ago Churchill delivered a speech (Iron Current) Winston Churchill brilliantly defined an era. It was a heroic but troubled time. In his speech he spoke about a " Iron Curtain" to describe the division between Western powers and the area controlled by the Soviet Union. He Said "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent.” His speech was considered the beginning of the Cold War.
Early in 1946, George K. wrote a tough analysis of soviet aims. He said that the USSR had imposed tyrannny on its people and meant to do so elsewhere .The only effective response, he argued ,was for the West to check, or contain,the spread of the soviet power and influence.
This approach Known as the "containment" (A United States foreign policy doctrine adopted by the Harry S. Truman administration in 1947, operating on the principle that communist governments will eventually fall apart as long as they are prevented from expanding their influence.), became official U.S Policy.
March 5 1946
The Emerging Conflict
Stalin had promised to allow Eastern European countries to deiced their own fate, a little after he withdrew that promise. He made sure that the pro soviet governments took power, so he did this in Eastern Europe, Poland, Bulgaria, and Romania. Closing it off like a curtian.
The U.S and Great Britain accused the satellites ( soviet) of dividing Europe and stifling national self-determination.
Besides the “iron curtain” that had gone across Eastern Europe, Churchill spoke of “communist fifth columns” that were operating throughout western and southern Europe. Drawing parallels with the disastrous appeasement of Hitler before World War II, Churchill said that in dealing with the Soviets there was “nothing which they admire so much as strength, and there is nothing for which they have less respect than for military weakness.”
The Iron Curtain is a Western term referring to the boundary which divided Europe into two separate areas of political influence and ideology from the end of World War II until the end of the Cold War.
While the Iron Curtain was up, the countries of Eastern Europe and many in Central Europe except West Germany, Switzerland and Austria were under the political influence of the Soviet Union.
Two exceptions the neighboring countries of the Eastern bloc were ruled by pro-Soviet governments, they stayed because the threat of military force. The two exceptions were Yugoslavia which retained its independence, and Albania which escaped Soviet influence in the 1960s and aligned itself with China, though both were ruled by communist ideology and, like the Soviet bloc, operated under a planned economy.
While viewing our prezi slides, students will be able to have a clear understanding about how the conflict began.
President Harry Truman soon
acted on the containment, policy. In march 1847 he called for american aid to greece and turkey, two countries under threat from communist elements and backed by the USSR.
In a speech Harry declared "We must assist free
peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way ". This support for counties seeking to resist communist influence was known as the Truman Doctrine. It became a key principle in the U.S Cold War policy.
The U.S followed up with another action designed to limit soviet power.
In June 1947, Secretary of state George Marshall unveiled a financial aid plan to assist postwar recovery in Europe. This plan was known as the "Marshall plan" was warmly received in western Europe. But the Soviets Forbade their Eastern European satellites from participating recognizing that the U>S aid would undermine Soviet influence.
The Marshall plan eventually provided13 billion in aid to Western Europe, helping to promote economic growth and political stability .
angered by this move , Stalin declared a blockade of Allied sectors of West Berlin in June 1948,
the legislature of the former Soviet Union and its successor states, consisting of an upper house (Soviet of the Union or Council of the Union) whose delegates are elected on the basis of population, and a lower house (Soviet of Nationalities or Council of Nationalities) whose delegates are elected to represent the various nationalities.
1. How do you think the conflict began
based on the information i gave you.
3.how did the speech Churchill inpact on the begining of the cold war.
2. How did the US and the USSR try to
stop and spread each others influence on
the word for ex:like bribing threating or
anyother sort of influenence.
A little background information:
At a time the US and USSR
were allies during the war when it ended there was a fallout a bit after the war because both countries had different ideas of how Europe should be built
and the soviets moved quickly to get stated and then Stalin was under pressure and pledged to withdraw but didn't and everyone lost hope but then....
after viewing our prezzi
and answering the questions
write a short summary about
how the conflict began using the questions