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Transcript of Government
The Three Levels of Government
In Canadian government, there are three levels, Federal, Provincial and Municipal. Each level has someone who runs it such as, the Prime Minister, Stephen Harper, the Premier, Kathleen Wynne and the Mayor, Rob Ford. Stephen Harper runs all of Canada, Kathleen Wynne runs all of Ontario and Rob Ford runs all of Toronto.
When elections are Called For #1
Elections are called for every five years in all three government levels. The Prime Minister, Premier or Mayor can choose any date, but he/she usually chooses it on a day where his/her party looks good or when it's most popular. If the Prime Minister, Premier or Mayor calls an election he/she must ask for the Governor General's consent or else the election won't be official. Although the elections are supposed to be called for every five years, one may be called when it's defeated in The House of Commons or when the government is not working well. This is called, a "vote of non-confidence". If the government loses the election, it will be replaced. However, if it wins then it will keep working until the next election.
Boundaries and Ridings #1
In government there are boundaries and ridings. Boundaries and ridings are the same thing except that ridings are for cities and boundaries are for countries. Canada is divided in to 308 parts which are called electoral districts or ridings. Each riding gets to choose a person to become their member of parliament. Elections Canada keeps track of the population in each riding or boundary and draws maps to show them. As the population gets bigger, they will change or make more boundaries and ridings.
How to Become a Canadian Citizen #1
Do you want to be a Canadian citizen? If you want to become a Canadian citizen, you must apply, you must be 18 or older, you have to lawfully admit as an immigrant and you have to live in Canada for at least three years before applying. Applying for citizenship is a hard job for some immigrants, because they have to learn a whole new language like English or French.
In government there are five main parties. Their names are, Green Party, Conservative Party, Liberal Party, New Democrat Party (NDP), and The Bloc Quebecois . A party is a group of people who all believe in the same thing.
Rights of Canadian Citizens #1
You as a canadian citizen have rights in this community. You have freedom of conscience and religion, freedom of thought, beliefs, opinions, expressions and freedom of speech. You also have freedom of peaceful assembly and lastly the freedom of association. The charter of rights has Mobility rights, the freedom to work and live anywhere in Canada, enter and leave the country freely and the freedom to apply for a passport.
Responsibilities of Canadian Citizens #1
In Canada rights come with responsibilities such as obeying laws. One of Canada's principles is the rule of law. Each and everyone of us are regulated by laws and are not regulated by random actions. No one is above the law. Another responsibility is taking responsibility for oneself and one's family. You do this by getting a job, taking care of your family and working hard to keep within your abilities. These are important Canadian values. One responsibility is serving on a jury. When you are called to do so, you are legally required to serve. Serving on a jury is a privilege that helps the justice system work, because it depends on impartial juries which are made up of citizens like you and me.
Language Laws of Canadian Citizens
Government in Canada compared to Government in The Netherlands
Canadian language has lots of laws. In Federal government, one law is to make sure that all government speeches and elections have English and French language for all Canadian citizens to understand. It's a law that in federal government Canadian citizens have the right to be heard for in the official language of their choice. Another law is that citizens have the right to know about new laws in Parliament in English and French and that both versions will have the same legal meaning. In language laws they made a Canadian law called the
Official Language Act
. This act came into use on September 9th 1969. It means that English and French language have equal status in canadian government.
In the government of The Netherlands, they have political parties, too. They have Democrat 66, Labour Party, People's Party for Freedom and Democracy, Party for Freedom, Socialist Party, Christian Union, Christian Democratic Appeal and Green Left. Some more parties are Party for Animals, 50 PLUS and the Independent Senate Group. In The Netherlands, they speak 2 main languages, English and Dutch. These languages are both used throughout the government evenly like English and French in Canadian government. The prime minister is Mark Rutte.
Some of the duties in Federal Government are postal service, money and banking, transportation and citizenship and copyrights. Federal Government is run in Ottawa in the Parliament Building because it's the capital of Canada.
Some of the duties in Provincial Government are property and civil rights, natural resources and the environment and education and health. Provincial Government is run in Toronto in Queen's Park, because they wanted to run in a big city that represents many people.
The duties of Municipal Government are water, roads, sewage, waste collection, public transit and emergency services. Municipal Government is run in whatever city you are in, so for us it is in Toronto.
In Government, there are also Appointed Officials. Appointed Officials are in every level of government. In Federal Government they are referred to as Officers of Parliament. Some officers are the Auditor General, the Chief Electoral Officer, the Official Languages Commissioner, the Privacy Commissioner, the Access to Information Commissioner, the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner , the Public Sector Integrity Commissioner and the Commissioner of Lobbying.
Federal and Provincial leaders believe in the ideas of parties. For example, Stephen Harper believes in The Conservative Party politics and Kathleen Wynne believes in the Liberal Party politics. Rob Ford also believes in the Conservatives like Stephen Harper.
The Parties of those Elected
When Elections are Called For #2
Believe it or not, there are some people who are not allowed to vote in an election. The chief electoral officer is not allowed to vote, because he/she helps organize voting in an area. Knowing how people are going to vote would give him/her unfair information. If you are in prison or you are a member of the house of lords you are not allowed to vote. Also, you cannot vote if you are younger than 18, NOT a Canadian citizen or if you are a person electoral to malpractice.
Who Can and Cannot Vote
To become a citizen, you also have to have a good knowledge about politics, geography and history. You are not allowed to post threats to the security of Canada and you must take the oath of citizenship. Lastly, you need to understand the rights and responsibilities of Canadian citizens.
How to Become a Canadian Citizen #2
Rights of Canadian Citizens #2
Citizens of Canada have Official Language Rights and Minority Language Educational Rights, French and English have equal status in Parliament and everywhere throughout government. Lastly Canadian citizens have Multiculturalism, a fundamental characteristic of Canadian heritage and identity. Canadian citizens are allowed to celebrate one an other's presence and work hard to respect pluralism and live in harmony.
In busy highly populated places like cities, there are more ridings which are divided into smaller parts. In less busy places they are divided into bigger parts. Over the years people move, so the boundaries and ridings are always changing which means we won't always have 308 ridings in Toronto. When election day comes, each riding sets up a polling station where people go to vote. Each polling station serves 350 people which means you don't have to travel far to vote.
Another responsibility is voting in elections. The right to vote comes with a responsibility to vote in Federal, Provincial or Municipal government. Helping others in our community is also a responsibility. Millions of volunteers freely donate their time to help out in schools, volunteer at food banks or another charity. People also encourage newcomers to integrate. Lastly, a responsibility in our community is protecting and enjoying our heritage and environment. Every citizen has a job to try to avoid waste and pollution to protect Canada's natural, cultural and architectural heritage for new generations to come.
Responsibilities of Canadian Citizens #2
Boundaries and ridings #2
The same Federal, Provincial or Municipal government leaders are allowed to be re-elected if their country, province or city wants them to be their leader again. Most people who vote know something about the government, have a good education and income, find it easy to register and get polls or they live in a community where people don't move often. They also might vote when the election is close and exciting, if they prefer a political party or most importantly if they dislike a party.
Government In Canada Related To Government In Greece
Government in Canada is really close to the government in Greece. They have parties too. Some of their minor parties are Workers Revolutionary Party, Union of Centrists, Social Agreement, Recreate Greece, Liberal Alliance and many others. In Greece, 99% of the people who live there speak Greek. This is pretty cool since Canada has two main languages instead of one. In government, they have prime ministers like we do in Canada. The Prime Minister in Greece is Antonis Samaras.
Who runs this country anyway?-----------------------------------------------------book
Discovering Canada's government---------------------------------------------------book
Federal Government of Canada
The Federal Government is made up of Branches. Here's what they look like.
Provincial Government of Canada
Provincial Government has branches too here is there's.