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Learning Disabilities

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by

Deric Link

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of Learning Disabilities

Learning Disabilities
Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written
the disorder may develop into an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or do math
Characteristics of LD
According to W.L. Heward 99 characteristics have been found
Reading (most common)
ex. Dyslexia
Written Language Deficit
math underachievement
Social skills
ADD, ADHD
Defining characteristic of students with learning disabilities is specific and significant deficits in the presence of adequate overall intelligence
Prevalence of LD
2.9 million school aged students are classified with a LD
these students receive special education
over half of students in special education have a learning disability
Possible Causes
Researchers do not know what causes LD
Appear to be related with differences in brain structure
Differences are present at birth and are often inherited
factors:
alcohol, drug use, poor nutrition, toxins such as lead in water and paint
children who do not receive the support necessary to promote their intellectual development early on may show signs of LD once they start school
Treatments and Intervention
Alternative Mental Health Medication
Other Medications
Psychological testing
psychotherapy
Teaching Strategies
Direct instruction
learning strategy instruction
break learning into small steps
use graphics such as diagrams, graphs, and pictures
engage students in process type questions
Ideas of Implementation of AT
abbreviation expanders
alternative keyboards
electronic math worksheets
optical character recognition
proof reading programs
speech recognition programs
talking calculators
talking spell checkers
word prediction programs
Book for LD awareness
Learning Disabilities
Deric Link, Jacob Gettle, and Lauren Dawson
Website of LD Awareness
http://www.helpguide.org/articles/learning-disabilities/helping-children-with-learning-disabilities.htm
help guide
https://ldaamerica.org/parents/
Learning Disabilities Association of America
Full transcript