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Prison Reform Movement of the 1800s

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Sai Narra

on 17 May 2013

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Transcript of Prison Reform Movement of the 1800s

How the Reform Movement Changed America - Created new mental institutions called asylums. - More mentally ill admitted. - Increase in funding for asylums. - Reduced cruel treatment in asylums. - Improved conditions for poor mentally ill. - Reassessed southern prisons and asylums. Successes & Failures of the Prison Reform Movement - Widespread establishment of mental institutions
- Increased attention to prisoner's rights
- Auburn system redefines prison procedure
-Attempted to "cure" mental illnesses
- Failure of Dorothea Dix's Federal Bill Works Cited "26d. Prison and Asylum Reform." Prison and Asylum Reform [ushistory.org]. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013. <http://www.ushistory.org/us/26d.asp

360degrees. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://www.360degrees.org/timeline/era4/era4_e.html>.
"Dorothea Lynde Dix." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Apr. 2013. Web. 15 May 2013.

Holt. "Reforming Prisons." Holt American Anthem. Orlando: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 2009. 269. Print.
"Josiah Quincy III." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 May 2013. Web. 15 May 2013.

"Mayor Josiah QuincyServed 1823-1828." Josiah Quincy. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013.

"Read About the Birth of the Mental Asylum | World of Psychology." Psych Central.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013.

"State Hospital, Raleigh, N.C. | Goodnight Raleigh." Goodnight Raleigh RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013.

Tiffany, Francis. Life of DorotheaHoughton, Lynde Dix,. Boston and New York: Mifflin and, 1890. Print.

"Prison Reform." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://pre.docdat.com/pars_docs/refs/168/167036/167036_html_40a009ff.jpg>. "Prison Reform." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://pre.docdat.com/pars_docs/refs/168/167036/167036_html_40a009ff.jpg>. How the Prison Reform Movement Progressed - Dorothea Dix teaches at Cambridge prison
- Appalled by deplorable conditions
- 1843, Dix petitions Massachusetts legislature
- Massachusetts funds prison/almshouse reform
- Dix travels U.S. to petition states
- Prison reform ideas spread through US P-lockstep. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://co.cayuga.ny.us/history/images/p-lockstep.gif>. "Lobotomy (surgery)." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 16 May 2013.<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/345502/lobotomy>.

"Mayor Josiah QuincyServed 1823-1828." Josiah Quincy. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013.

"Read About the Birth of the Mental Asylum | World of Psychology." Psych Central.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 May 2013.

"State Hospital, Raleigh, N.C. | Goodnight Raleigh." Goodnight Raleigh RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013.Tiffany, Francis. Life of DorotheaHoughton, Lynde Dix,. Boston and New York: Mifflin and, 1890. Print.

P-lockstep. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://co.cayuga.ny.us/history/images/p-lockstep.gif>.

"Texas Mental Hospital." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://cantonasylumforinsaneindians.com/history_blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Patients-Working-in-Laundry-Room-at-Texas-State-Lunatic-Asylum-1898.jpg>.

N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://www.utwatch.org/images/tejas_may1992_prisons.gif>

Josiah Quincy III." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 May 2013. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josiah_Quincy_III>.

Prison Cell. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://prisoncellphones.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/prison-cell-cellphone.jpg>.

Eastern State Penitentiary. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://www.easternstate.org/sites/all/themes/esp/images/img/visual-learn.jpg>.

Portsmouth Naval Prison. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://32in44.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/unh-prison-photos-0021.jpg>.

"Adult Prisoner Costumes - Prisoner Costumes and Convict Costumes for Halloween or Anytime." Adult Prisoner Costumes - Prisoner Costumes and Convict Costumes for Halloween or Anytime. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. "Texas Mental Hospital." N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://cantonasylumforinsaneindians.com/history_blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/Patients-Working-in-Laundry-Room-at-Texas-State-Lunatic-Asylum-1898.jpg>. Josiah Quincy III." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 15 May 2013. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Josiah_Quincy_III>. History Behind Reform Movement - 1841, Dix noticed inhumane prisoner treatment
- Mentally ill, nonviolent, with violent criminals
- Abusive, crowded, unsanitary conditions
- Inadequate & poorly-run almshouses
- Mental problems from constant solitary confinement Prison Reform Movement of the 1800s Gabi Leavitt Sai A. Narra Colin Yost Unsanitary Prison Conditions N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://www.utwatch.org/images/tejas_may1992_prisons.gif> Summary of the Prison Reform Movement -Dividing criminals based on offense
-Creating institutions to treat mentally ill
-Restructuring flawed prison systems
-Improving prison conditions Cramped Prison Cell Josiah Quincy III Women wash clothes in an asylum. Auburn Prison Inmates Dorothea Dix Eastern State Penitentiary. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://www.easternstate.org/sites/all/themes/esp/images/img/visual-learn.jpg>. Large Penitentiary Prisoner Jumpsuit "Dorothea Lynde Dix." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Apr. 2013. Web. 15 May 2013. "Adult Prisoner Costumes - Prisoner Costumes and Convict Costumes for Halloween or Anytime." Adult Prisoner Costumes - Prisoner Costumes and Convict Costumes for Halloween or Anytime. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. Portsmouth Naval Prison. Digital image. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2013. <http://32in44.files.wordpress.com/2011/01/unh-prison-photos-0021.jpg>.
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