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Political conditions in Arabia before Islam

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Asiyah Ibraheem

on 13 March 2016

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Transcript of Political conditions in Arabia before Islam

The State of Religion before Islam
Before Islam, different people followed a wide range of religion. Here are a few of them:
Polytheists//Idolators- Many Arabs were this. They worshipped many idols. They had turned the Kabah into their shrine and it had about 360 idols made of wood and stone.
Atheists- They didn't believe that there was a God and believed that the world was forever.
Zindiqs- They believed that there were two Gods each representing good and evil and were both forever struggling to be the strongest.
Sabines-They worshipped stars.
Jews- After the Jews had been forced out of Jerusalem by the Romans some moved to Arabia and influenced many Arabs to also become Jews.
Christianity-Romans and Ethiopians had converted many Arabs to Christianity especially in Yemen.
Monotheists-Very few people before Islam only believed in one God and were followers of Prophet Ibraheem(AS).

How Islam changed Arabia
Political conditions in Arabia before Islam
Economic Conditions before Islam
Social Conditions before Islam
Education In Arabia before Islam
After Islam
There were no laws in Arabia before Islam as a Arabia was an Anarchy(no laws or government). As there was no law and order, they didn't have a justice system(policemen, courts, etc). Without all of these in place people took law into their own hands. If a crime was ever committed the injured party would take the law into their own hands and tried to administer what they considered "justice" to the offender. As an anarchist nation, war was very popular in Arabia. To them war was something to pass time with or a dangerous sport that took them away from the boring life of living in the desert.
During this time, there were very few Arabs who could read and write.Many of them didn't even want to learn. Some people believe that the Arab culture at this time was almost entirely oral(just speaking).However, the Arabs had a gift for poetry.Their poems were rich in language and imagery.
After the rise of Islam, Arabia became a Caliphate(led by the Caliph) rather than an Anarchy and Prophet Muhammad(S.A.W) was considered a great social reformer. Shari'ia law came about. This law showed the way a Muslim was suppose to live and put a stop to all of the Arabs wrongdoings. Women had rights and were no longer to be treated as objects, the same went for the slaves. Men could only marry up to four women at once and their sons couldn't inherit their wives after their death. Baby girls and boys had equal rights and it was considered a grave sin to bury a baby girl alive. Drinking and gambling was forbidden. Wars were not common. more people became educated and learnt how to read and write males and females alike.
Economically(in terms of wealth) the Jews were the leaders of Arabia. Slavery was common during this time and men and women were sold like animals. The most powerful Arabs were mostly capitalists(rich people) and money lenders. Most people from Makkah earned money by trading, money lending or being a merchant. Their caravans travelled to Syria in the summer and Yemen in the winter. Makkah was also the centre of all trade in Arabia.
Arabia was a society that was dominated by males. Women had no status and were treated as objects by males. A man could have as many wives as he wished with no limit to the number of wives he could have. When a man died his sons would inherit all his wives except their own mother. One of the traditions in Arabia at this time was for men to bury their baby daughters alive if their wife gave birth to a girl. Sometimes, even if the man didn't want to do this, he would still have to due to social pressures to uphold this 'honourable' tradition. Getting drunk was extremely common for the people of Arabia. This led to men gambling. Many Arabs got drunk and gambled often.
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