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The Four Smart Grid tentacles wrap the city of the future

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Ángel Silos Sánchez

on 4 February 2014

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Transcript of The Four Smart Grid tentacles wrap the city of the future

The four Smart Grid tentacles wrap the city of the future
How can we enhance our cities through the Smart Grid?

SMART CITY EXPO WORLD CONGRESS
Barcelona 2013

Ángel Silos Sánchez
Protection and Telecontrol MV Manager

es.linkedin.com/in/angelsilos
@AngelSilos81

Summary
Future situation in our Cities

Smart Grid concept

The four tentacles of the Smart Grid

Smart Energy for the Smart City

Smart Energy solutions: The Self-Healing, The Self Consumption...

Trends in Smart Network

IEC61850 with 4G

Conclusions


Future situation in our cities
Forecast
Future situation in our cities
Evolution
Smart Grid Concept
Traditional network
Smart Grid Concept
Current Network
Smart Grid Concept
Smart Grid Goals
The four tentacles of the Smart Grid
Smart Grid Concept
Optimal distribution

Supply quality

Network management

Renewable energy integration

Self Consumption

Goals 20-20-20 (2020)



Smart Network

Smart Operation

Smart Metering

Smart Generation




The four tentacles of the Smart Grid
Location of the tentacles
The four tentacles of the Smart Grid
Historical Link
The four tentacles of the Smart Grid
Schneider Electric Examples
Smart Network: Telecontrol in REE, ENDESA, GNF, HC…

Smart Operation: DMS in ENEL, ELEKTRA, EMCALI, CADAFE…

Smart Metering: AMI in VATTENFALL, FORTUM…

Smart Generation: Photovoltaic Solutions, self consumption, electric vehicle




Smart Energy for the Smart City
Smart Energy

Solutions to reach the Smart Grid


Two Smart Energy solutions:


Self-Healing



Self-Consumption


Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Smart Network

Substation Automation

HV-MV Substations

Feeder Automation

MV distribution



Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Network Control

Quality of Supply

SAIDI

SAIFI

Implementing FLISR:
Fault Location Isolation and Service Restoration



Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Feeder Automation

Fault detection

Fault Passage Indicator (FPI)

Telecontrol in MV

Telecontrol devices




Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Manual Restoration

Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Manual restoration

Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Network regeneration

Automated regeneration

Fault Passage Indicator (FPI)

Telecontrol in MV

Telecontrol devices




Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Network regeneration (Self-Healing)


Distributed Intelligent

Communication between devices by 3G, GPRS...





Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Regeneration ring


Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Not only for a ring

Smart Energy: Self-Healing
Self-Healing in Stedin (Rotterdam)


Ring with more than 30 MV/LV substations

7 MV/LV substation with Self-Healing

Recovery time = 20 seconds





Smart Energy: Self-Consumption
Prosumer: New actor in the network


DER (Distributed Energy Resources). Non centralized model

Optimal Distribution in the Low Voltage network

New market model: Individual or collective

Extended around the world



Smart Energy: Self-Consumption
Advantages


Independence from the Electrical Market

Long life economy saving

Reducing external dependence

Smart Operation is controlled by the city




Smart Energy: Self-Consumption
Who's the prosume?


Individual user

Collective user. Community

Enterprise

Industrial Park





Smart Energy: Self-Consumption
Controlled growth


Link between City and Utility

DER is controlled by the City

Reducing the consumption by DMS






Smart Energy: Self-Consumption
Micro Grid in the city



Reduce the Energy Transport from outside

Enhance the internal distribution

Different solutions in power plant

Adapted technically to storage







Smart Energy: Self-Consumption
Micro Grid in the city: Issy Grid Project



The first Smart Grid district in France (Les Moulineaux)

Phases:

Measure

Installation of solar panels

Optimize







Trends in Smart Network
New protocol: IEC61850
Designed by IEC TC57

The IEC61850 is developed in ETHERNET

It has been thought in electric world

Common solution

Each device has an IP address

There isn’t Master



Trends in Smart Network
IEC61850 for Self-Healing
Trends in Smart Network
Schneider Electric examples with IEC68150

AVE Substations (Spain)

Vale Salobo Mines (Brazil)

Vale Itabira Mines (Brazil)

BTSO Project (Turkey)

Hydro Generation EDF (France)

Mambe Project (Italy)

Sonatrach Project (Algeria)



Conclusions
Smart Energy for the cities
Self-Healing

Reduce problems in the city

Enhance quality supply

Enhance the flexible distribution

Self-Consumption

Establish several micro grids in the city

Best regulation of the network




Conclusions
Smart Grid: The ultimate evolution
Evolution of the electrical network by IT

Enhancing the Quality supply

Optimal distribution

Reduce the consumption

Help to integrate future energy resources

Thinking in the future: The storage





The Smart City is in our hands
Building the Smart Grid...
Building the Smart City
Full transcript