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Race, Class, & Inequality Anth101 SPR16

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Julie Jenkins

on 21 November 2016

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Transcript of Race, Class, & Inequality Anth101 SPR16

Race, Class, & Inequality:

-Crude way of classifying human variation but socially meaningful
-in people's experiences and interactions
-in the way our institutions are structured
-in the distribution of power, resources, and opportunities for economic mobility
-Housing discrimination
--(re)producing residential segregation
--Why does this also then produce educational segregation and inequality?
disproportionately denied access to credit & mortgages
Employment discrimination
whites with criminal records more likely to be treated favorably than African Americans with NO criminal record
disproportionally targeted by police and suffer higher levels of violence at hands of police
--not just individual acts racism
(re)producing system of institutional racism and structural inequality
"color-blind racism"-- forgoes references to race for a more subtle series of practices that differentiate"
"while professing the ideal of being 'color-blind'" (Hatigan 2010)
emphasize individual actions while downplaying social and structural circumstances that shape our experiences and opportunities
social boundaries around class, ethnicity & race spoken about in terms of morality
How is discipline used to (re)produce racial, educational, and economic inequality?
What are your thoughts on the Lyons' students encounter?
race, class, & gender are interlocking systems of power that shape our experiences
Why do we have inequality?
"Functionalist" perspective:
inequality proves motivation or people to worker harder and take on more challenging (& socially valuable) roles
& it ensures the most able individuals are recruited into these roles
Are the most socially valuable roles adequately compensated and rewarded in terms of wealth & prestige?
Does value & prestige correspond to wage level?
Does this explanation account for inequality structured around race, ethnicity, and gender?
"Conflict" perspective:
inequality maintains a power relationship between:
those who own the "means of production", technology, land, corporations, capital
and workers
Are the 'elite' only exploitative? Do they not have socially valuable occupations?
How is inequality maintained? How is it reproduced?
--ideologies (ideas that maintain the status quo)
--patterns of behavior
--devaluation of labor
--debt & the redistribution of wealth
What type of ideologies do we use to explain wealth & income disparities?
How is race classified in Brazil?
Is racism a problem in Brazil?
What is the point of the "Black Cinderella" narrative?
What fantasy does Gloria and her neighbors have?
Why is this fantasy prevalent?
Why was it offensive to Gloria that the man she cleaned for did not greet her with two kisses?
Is wealth the only motivating force?
"elite"/bourgeoisie can use power & assets to maintain control over workers & profits
reflects the degree to which workers are exploited
“evidence of a significant bias in the killing of unarmed black Americans relative to unarmed white Americans, in that the probability of being black, unarmed, and shot by police is about 3.49 times the probability of being white, unarmed, and shot by police on average.”
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