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Irony and Symbolism

A presentation of the fundamentals of Irony and Symbolism, featuring the story: Harrison Bergeron. (Made by a Group of Grade 10 Students.)

Kenneth Leung

on 20 October 2014

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Transcript of Irony and Symbolism

Sardor Artikov
-Any form of participation (Answering Questions, Advancing the Discussion, etc.) will be rewarded with candy
>To both save time and prevent fuss, grab only one
of candy from the desired box and do so without extended contemplation
>If you have any concerning allergies, raise your hand right now to have a look at the ingredients list
>All examples are there to give insight on the respective subject, write them down only if you wish to.
-Take out a sheet of paper and set it up for notes.
>Don't be afraid to copy ahead of the speaker
-The representation of things by use of symbols
>Symbolism grants deeper insight to readers about the respective literary work
>Can also create a mood or convey a certain emotion to the reader
>Many symbols possess multiple meanings (e,g. a chain could represent both a strong link or restraint)
-One of the most famous examples of symbolism is...

The Dove: A symbol of Peace.
Story Time
Harrison Bergeron is on Page 175

Here are some defitions to concepts and vocabulary words that appear in the story (
You do not have to copy these down
= Shotgun ammunition designed for shooting avion
= An idealized place, state, or situation of perfection (e.g. Utopian societies are characterized through perfect political systems, perfect social systems, etc.)
= A hypothetical place, society, or situation in which conditions and the quality of life are dreadful/unbearable
= A word or phrase that frequently occurs to add clarity to an idea, convey hidden meaning, etc.

-There are 3 types of irony

> 1.
Verbal Irony
=The use of words to imply the opposite of the intended meaning of a statement
(e.g. Soft like concrete, Clear as Milk, etc.) *This is not Sarcasm* All sarcasm stems from irony, however not all verbal irony is necessarily sarcasm.
-There are 2 types of Verbal Irony:
= Exaggerated meanings
= Undermining meanings

> 2.
Dramatic Irony
= When the audience knows something that the characters do not

> 3.
Situational Irony
= When the opposite of what is supposed to happen occurs *The character must think that the respective situation is unlikely to occur* (e.g. A character thinks he's immune to a disease and injects himself with it to prove he is immune: he dies from it anyways)

Irony and Symbolism
Kenneth Leung
John Dang
Kyle Iu
Jayden Wunsch
Before We Start...
Discussion Question Number 1:
Discussion Question Number 2:
Discussion Question Number 3:
Discussion Question Number 4:
Discussion Question Number 5:
Discussion Question Number 6:
Using your notes (and only your notes), answer the following questions:
"English Dictionary." Collins Dictionaries. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2014. <http://www.collinsdictionary.com/>.
Shamekia, Thomas. "What Is Symbolism in Literature? - Definition, Types & Examples." Education Portal. Education Portal, n.d. Web. 18 Oct. 2014. <http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/what-is-symbolism-in-literature-definition-types-examples.html#lesson>.
Watt, A. T. "The 3 Types of Irony." Types Of Irony. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Oct. 2014. <http://typesofirony.com/>.
"Literary Devices and Literary Terms." Literary Devices. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014. <http://literarydevices.net/>.
"EasyBib: The Free Automatic Bibliography Composer." EasyBib. Imagine Easy, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014. <http://www.easybib.com/>.
Discussion Question Number 7:
Discussion Question Number 8:

Discussion Question Number 9:
Discussion Question Number 10:
What do you think is the relationship
between Diana (The Handicapper General) and Harrison?
When Harrison Bergeron is completely free from his handicaps, he defies the laws of gravity and motion. What might Vonnegut be suggesting about the potential of free human beings?
Can there be a Utopian Society
with a government?
So is the story a Utopia or a
You must make everyone equal in every which way possible (Their looks, their intelligence, etc.) You have unlimited resources.
If Harrison were allowed to declare himself
Emperor, how do you think he would
have changed society?
How do you think The Empress felt when she was embraced by Harrison Bergeron?
How are the results of Harrison's
efforts ironic?
= An idealized place, state, or situation of perfection (e.g. Utopian societies are characterized through perfect political systems, perfect social systems, etc.)
= A hypothetical place, society, or situation in which conditions and the quality of life are dreadful/unbearable.

Did Harrison's rebellion
accomplish anything?

1. What are all the types of irony (including the two types of Verbal Irony)?

2. Give an example of Symbolism.

3. What is the main type of irony used in this story?

4. Name 2 things that Symbolism can contribute to the story.

5. What is George's wife's name?

6. Give one example of a handicap in the story.
Pretend you are the ultimate ruler of this so called Utopia. What would you change?
What are the benefits of having everyone be equal?
STORY: Harrison Bergeron
Full transcript