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Solar System Brochure
Transcript of Solar System Brochure
Nights on some parts of Uranus sometimes last 40 years. Uranus is the coolest planet....literally! It is the coldest planet in our solar system. It's temperature is -224 Celsius. Maybe that's why it's called the ice giant! The tilt of Uranus is 99 degrees. Uranus looks like a ball rolling on its side when it orbits around the sun. Uranus has 27 moons.You can visit one of the moons for $1,000. If you would add up the mass or Uranus alltogether it
would be half the mass of titan, Neptune's
largest moon. Have you ever wanted to be in a storm? Today is your lucky day! Neptune is known for its massive storms. The winds can blow up to 1,240 mph. That is three times as fast as Earth's Hurricanes! Neptune is a sea blue color due to the methane gas in its atmosphere. You can see this planet up close for the 2nd time in History for $50. Buy your ticket today! Neptune also has 8 known moons. It's similar to Uranus in structure and size. Neptune is the fourth largest planet and the second planet furthest from the sun. It is also one of the gas (or outer) planets. Neptune's core contains more rock and metal than the cores of other gas giant planets. Neptune also has rings, but it is not as big and visible as Saturn's. Visit Neptune today. Want to see the smallest planet in the Solar System?!?! Today is your chance. Plute is smaller then Earth's moon. Pluto was declassified as a planet and classified as a dwarf planet in 2006 by the IAU. Come see the first dwarf planet ever for $2,000. Pluto has 3 moons. When you're on Pluto, the sun just looks like an ordinary star. This dwarf planet consists of ice and rock. This dwarf planet is the furthest from the sun. It has a thin atmosphere that forms when it is close to the Sun but freezes as it moves away. Pluto's orbit is very elongated
so sometimes, it is closer to the
sun than Neptune. This is your
chance to visit Pluto, the dwarf
planet. Did you know that the sun is a star? The sun has many different layers that describe its function. The layers are the Core, radiation zone, convection zeno, photosphere(sunspots), chromosphere, transition region, and corona. The core is the innermost layer of the sun and it is a source for all the Sun's energy. The radiation zone provides an efficient means of transferring energy near the core. The photosphere is the visible surface of the Sun. The chromosphere is the thin layer above the visible surface. The corona is the outer atmosphere of the Sun, which is much larger in volume than the Sun itself. Nuclear fusion is the process by which multiple atoms having the same charge join together to form a heavier nucleus. Nuclear fusion happens in the innermost layer of the sun, the core. Comets are loose collections if ice, dust, and small rocky particles whose orbits are usually very long, narrow ellipses. There are 5 parts to a comet. They are the nucleus, coma, hydrogen cloud, dust tail, and ion tail. The impact of comets could be responsible for Titan's atmosphere. Scientists believe that multiple impacts by comets hitting the ammonia ice on the moon’s surface converted the ammonia to nitrogen. You can see Haley's comet up close for $1.50! Come see the comets today! Asteroids are rocky objects revolving around the sun that are too small and numerous to be considered planets. The outermost region of the asteroid belt are dark reddish brown to black surfaces. The asteroids a little closer to the sun are dark gray. The asteroid belt is the region of the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter. It is occupied by numerous irregularly shaped bodies called asteroids or minor planets. You can ride the Asteroid Belt rollercoaster for a low price of $15,000! Come visit today! Meteroids are a chunk of rock or dust in space. These came from comets or asteroids. When a meteroid enters Earth's atmosphere, friction with the air creates heat and produces a streak of light in the sky which creates a meteor. Meteorites are meteoroids that pass through the atmosphere and strike Earth's surface. When meteorites hit Earth's surface, it creates a big crater. It changes the formation of the surface. You can visit craters created by meteors on the moon for only $100.00! Visit the craters today! Spiral Galaxy Did you know that The milky way is a spiral galaxy!?! Spiral galaxies are a type of Galaxy originally described by Edwin Hubble in 1936. Spiral galaxies have a bulge in the middle and arms that spiral outward like pinwheels. They contain bright young stars, gas, and dust. Spiral galaxies make up approximately 60% of galaxies in the local universe. Elliptical Galaxy Elliptical galaxies are one of the three main classes of galaxies originally described by Edwin Hubble in 1936. These galaxies are usually round or oval and countians billions of stars but have little and dust between the stars. There are no stars forming anymore because there is little gas and dust.Elliptical galaxies are also known as "early-type" galaxies due to their location in the Hubble sequence. Elliptical galaxies are believed to make up aprroximately 10-15% of galaxies in the local universe. Elliptical galaxies are usually found in galaxy clusters and in compact groups of clusters. Current thinking is that an elliptical galaxy may be the result of a long process where two galaxies of comparable mass, of any type, collide and merge. You can see an Elliptical galaxy for $200,000. Come visit an Elliptical galaxy today! Irregular galaxy Irregular galaxies are galxies that do not have a distinct regular shape. 3% of our galaxies are irregular galaxies in our local universe. Many of them are the results of galaxy collisions or near misses. Irregular galaxies are usually usually smaller than other galasies and they are located near larger galaxies. These types of galaxies have many bright, young stars and lots of gas and dust to form new stars. One type of irregualr galaxy is a"starburst galaxy". Starburst galaxies shine brightly as many new stars that are born in a short period of time. You can see a starburst galaxy for $25. Buy your ticket today! Stars are massive, luminous balls of plasma held together by gravity. There are 7 main types of stars. They are O, B, A, F, G, K, and M. The temperature of O stars are 40,000 K and their lifetime is 10 million years. The temperature of B stars are 20,000 K and their lifetime is 100 million years. The temperature of A stars are 8,500 K and their lifetime is 1,000 million years. The temperature of F stars are 6,500 K and their lifetime is 3,000 million years. The temperature of G stars are 5,700 K and their lifetime is 10,000 million years. The temperature of K stars are 4,500 K and their lifetime is 50,000 million years. The temperature of M stars are 3,200 K and their lifetime is 200,000 million years. Giant stars are low mass stars that are near to the end of their lives. Giant stars are usually K, G, or M stars. White stars are dying remnats of an imploded star. White stars are usually D stars. Supergiant stars are usually high mass stars near to the end of their lives. These types of stars are O, B, A, F, G, K, or M stars. Stars are just like humans but they live longer. They are born, they live, and they die. First they are a Protostar. Then they change to Fusion ignition-Main sequence. Then they turn into a Red Giant or Supergiant. Finally, they turn into white dwarfs or black holes. Black holes are a region of space from which nothing, not even light, can escape. They are at least 10 to 15 times as massive as the sun! The compositions of stars are determined through spectroscopy. Spectroscopy is the study of something using spectra. Stars have a hot dense part that produces a continuous spectrum and an outer layer, or atmosphere, made of cooler, low density gas. You can see the sun up close for 1,000,000 dollars. Come visit the sun today!