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Weird, Scary, and Awesome Sea Creatures

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Rachel Capar

on 28 April 2013

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Transcript of Weird, Scary, and Awesome Sea Creatures

Weird, Scary, and Awesome Sea Creatures Blob fish lives in saltwater deep-sea creature Found... off the coast of Tasmania and Australia (Psychrolutes Marcidus) made of gelatinour: this has a density less than water Can withstand high pressure of the deep sea because hovers above sea floor w/ little energy NOT edible Sits on its eggs Waits for food to just float by My Favorite Description: "a candle that has been burning for too long" (it looks like) Axolotl (Ambystoma Mexicanum) "Mexican walking fish" amphibian (salamander) Colors: grey brown white black Came from Aztec language: "Nahuatl" more commonly translates to "water dog" Ability to re-grow limbs! Stays in its larval form all its life endangered Native to Xochimilco & Chalco freshwater lakes South of Mexico City Usually eat... blackworms earthworms bloodworms shrimp insects other fish Typically 8-11 inches
(in length) Frilled Shark rare to see live thousands of feet under water (Chlamydoselachus Anguineus) (Latin, meaning "snakelike") Near threatened Thought extinct! ...until sighting in 2007 even had fossils... Description: 6 frilled gills 300 teeth, in 25 rows Male: 97-117 cm long Female: 135-150 cm long eats deep water squid, fish, or other sharks Found in New Zealand, Chile, the Caribbean and parts of Australia, Asia, and Africa. A rare sighting of a frilled shark from 2007... The shark died soon after. Again, normally they live deep in the ocean. Leafy Sea Dragon (Glauert's) (Phycodrus Eques) near threatened seen alone or in pairs Habitat: rocky reefs
seaweed beds
seagrass meadows 30 Meters Deep Found in South & East Australia Eat plankton, mysids, & other small ocean organisms Measure Leafy: 35 cm Weedy: 46 cm in length. Defensive spines on its sides bright pink eggs male carries eggs (like a sea horse) "Leaf-like" limbs come off body Suck food in through snout Snout here. Leafy Sea Dragon Longhorn Cowfish (Lactoria Cornuta) horns break easily, regrow in few months slow swimmers grunt when caught poisonous flesh Found in the Red Sea, off East Africa, and Southern Japan & Korea (to name a few) Usually found 1-45 meters deep, up to 100 meters release "ostracitoxin" when startled Live in...
coral reefs
reef flats
protected seaward reefs
muddy/sandy coasts in bays Grow to about 46 cm Come in green, light orange, & yellow
sometimes w/ blue or white spots Mouth found under the head Feed On: benthic algae
polychaete worms
small crustaceans
small fish "Prehistoric" Frilled Shark Longhorn Cowfish Longhorn Cowfish Notice the horns under its tail, too Puffer Fish (Blowfish) (Tetraodontidae) most species considered stable Contain Tetrodotoxin
predator defense
power to kill 30 humans
1,200x more powerful than cyanide
over 120 species
Delicacy in Japan
called "Fugu"
very $$$$$
risk of death w/ one bad slice
many deaths are actually caused by this Eat... algae
Larger species... mussels
shell fish
clams quickly take in water (sometimes air) to "blow up" Grow from 1 in. - 3 ft. 4 teeth-fused together Before... After! Anglerfish Anglerfish (Lophius piscatorius) over 200 species
Dark grey to dark brown-
-have sharp, translucent teeth-
-grow 8 inches to 3.3 feet in length-
-up to 110 lbs. live in Atlantic and Antarctic Oceans up to a mile down-dark sea bottom Can swallow prey up to 2x own size! Female: Male: dorsal spine w/ light on end
attracts prey
glows from millions of bioluminescent bacteria smaller in size
young males find a female and latch on w/ teeth
eventually, physically fuses to female
loses eyes and organs
shares bloodstream
Females can carry 6 or more males Vampire Squid (Vampyroteuthis Infernalis) not yet threatened have developed organ for balance called a statocyst Description: blue eyes, reddish brown skin
very large eyes
8 arms w/ webbing between
Originally have a pair of fins that are replaced as they grow by a second pair and the original pair is "reabsorbed" Live...
in temperate/tropical ocean regions
600-1200 meters down
Emits a jet of water when threatened Females are larger. Vampire Squid Sources: arkive.org
mbari.org Just because it looks awesome and you're probably tired of reading these... :) Thank You!
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