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American West: Development of the Plains

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Michael Brodie

on 12 January 2016

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Transcript of American West: Development of the Plains

American West: Development of the Plains
TASK: Cattle Debate
Why was the transcontinental railroad built?
Who was most significant in the development of the Cattle Industry?
What caused the rise and fall of the Goodnight-Loving Trail?
How did the government try to deal with the problem of lawlessness?
How did developments in ranching affect the work of cowboys?
Why did the railroads help to destroy Native American life?
How and why did towns continue to grow in the late nineteenth century?
Why was there rivalry between ranchers and homesteaders and what were the consequences?
What impact did Wyatt Earp have?
TASK: Railroad Card Sort
Step 1: Separate the cards into:
* Reasons why the government built railroads.
* Reasons why companies built railroads.

Step 2: Do you think the government and the railroad companies wanted to build the railways for the same reasons?
Learning Objectives
Know - The problems faced when building the ranscontinetal railroad.

Understand - Why the transcontintental railroad was built.

Concept - Causation

Skills - Inference, categorisation and
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Homesteader
TASK: Railroad Problems
Problem
Detail
Why this was significant
Use pp.49-50 (yellow book) to complete the table.
What can we infer from this source?
What was the most important reason for building the transcontinental railroad?
Manifest Destiny
War
Trade
Law and Order
In 1862, the US Congress passed the Pacific Railways Act - This set up two companies: The Union Pacific Railroad Company and the Central Pacific Railroad Company.

The two companies began laying railroad from Omaha, Nebraska in the east and Sacramento, Claifornia in the West.

The two companies met in Promontory Point, Utah on 10 May 1869.


Makes an inference from a primary source.
Explains the reasons why the transcontinental railroad was built.
Analyses the problems faced when building the transcontinental railroad.
What were the consequences of the transcontinental railroad?
Learning Objectives
Know - The different consequences of the transcontinental railroad.

Understand - How different groups were affected in different ways.

Concept - Consequence

Skills - Group work, categorising consequences.
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Homesteader
TASK: Railroad Role Play
Your task is to build the transcontinental railroad.

You will be competing against each other. Also, you will get more money for the more track completed.

The Union Pacific will be starting from Omaha, Iowa and the Central Pacific from Sacramento, California.

You mut create rails which are exactly 5 cm by 10 cm and there must be 4 sleepers across each piece of rail. The Central Pacific Team will have to make their way through the Sierra Nevada mountains..

There are two government agents who will act as quality control and will reject any sub-standard work.
TASK: Mind Map
E.g.
Wind pumps and drills and mechanical reapers could be brought to the Plains by rail.
Consequences of railroads on farmers
Answer Q 1-2 on p. 51 (yellow book).
Problem
The Union Pacific railroad has been attacked by Native American worried about the threat to their hunting grounds. Stop working for 1 minute!
Advantage
The Central Pacific Railroad has solved a labour shortage by employing Chinese migrants. Gain a team member.
Problem
A huge number of workers die due to the terrible weather conditions, dangerous work and poor sanitation. Lose a worker each.
Hot Question
What was the most significant consequence of the railroads and why?
What can we infer from these sources?
EXAM ALERT: Explain two consequences of the development of the railroads on Native Americans (8 Marks - 4 Marks each)
Consequence 1:
One significant consequence of the development of the railroads was...



Consequence 2:
1–2 Marks:
Simple or generalised comment is offered about a consequence.
Generalised information about the topic is included.
3–4 Marks:
Features of the period are analysed to explain a consequence.
Specific information about the topic is added to support the explanation.
In 1884 there were around 325 wild bison left in the United States – including 25 in Yellowstone. Before the Europeans arrived in New World, there were more than 50 million bison in North America.
TASK: Railroads and Native Americans
1. Mind map the consequences of the railroads on Native Americans (Yellow Book p. 52.)

2. Which was the most important consequence and why?
Learning Objectives
Know - The consequences of the development of the railroads on Native Americans.

Understand - The relative importance of these different consequences.

Concept - Consequence.

Skills - Source inference, evaluation and exam practice.
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Homesteader
Makes an inference from a primary source.
Explains the consequences of railroad development on Native Americans.
Creates a response to a consequence question.
The advantages from the development of the railroads outweigh the negatives.
Can we work out the link?
Learning Objectives
Know - What the Goodnight-Loving Trail was.

Understand - Why the Goodnight Loving Trail began and ended.

Concept - Causation.

Skills - Making hypotheses, judgement and evaluation.
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Homesteader
Ticks
Texas Longhorn Cattle
Homesteaders
Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving
TASK: The Rise of the Goodnight Loving Trail
1. Explain what the Goodnight-Loving Trail was. Make sure that you use specific detail (facts and figures).

2. Why was the Goodnight-Loving Trail important in the development of the cattle industry? Think about the solutions it gave to some problems with rearing and selling cattle.


TASK: The fall of the Goodnight-Loving Trail
Pyramid of Problems:
Sort the problems into a pyramid with the most significant problem at the top.
Makes a link between different factors to make a hypothesis about the cattle industry.
Explains the Goodnight-Loving Trail was and why it was important.
Evaluates the reasons why the Goodnight-Trail and other cattle trails ceased to be used.
Who was most significant in the development in the development of the cattle industry?
Joseph McCoy
John Iliff
Charles Goodnight & Oliver Loving
TASK: Each One, Teach One!
Step 1: Research
In groups of 3 on your tables you are to research the following:
John Iliff (p.56) or Joseph McCoy (p.57.)



You need to create a fact file which includes:
1. Who they were.
2. What they did (Use specific detail.
3. Why they were important. Think about if they had new ideas, how they changed things and the consequences.
Step 2: Teach and Learn
You have to teach each other about your cattleman. Make sure you give them specific detail - I will be asking group members to explain the person they did not research.




Learning Objectives
Know - What John Iliff and Joseph McCoy did to develop the cattle industry.

Understand - How significant each man was.

Concept - Significance.

Skills - Independent research, peer teaching,
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Homesteader
Researches the contribution of John Iliff or Joseph McCoy.
Evaluates the significance of key individuals in the cattle industry.
Explains the importance of the Goodnight-Loving Trail.
Step 3: Review

Let's hear what people have discovered about John Iliff and Joseph McCoy.
Learning Objectives
Know - What happened to the cattle industry over time.

Understand - Why the open range approach to the cattle industry ended.

Concept - Causation.

Skills - Evidence gathering and group discussion
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Homesteader
Why did the open range end?
TASK: End of the Open Range
Reasons or the end of the Open Range
Demand
Overstocking
Climate
Use specific detail!!
TASK: Cattle Industry Video Review
https://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=kmxZ4vMTPVg#t=2915
THOUGHT BUBBLE
Could the boom and bust of the cattle industry have been avoided?
TIP - How could the problems have been avoided?
Cattle Industry Dingbats
1.
2.
3.
4.
Consolidates knowledge on the cattle industry.
Creates solutions to the problems faced by the open range cattle industry.
Explains the reasons for the collapse of the open range cattle industry.
Full transcript