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American West: Development of the Plains

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Michael Brodie

on 21 November 2017

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Transcript of American West: Development of the Plains

The Making of America, 1789-1900
Settlement and Conflict on the Plains, 1861-1877

TASK: Cattle Debate
Why was the transcontinental railroad built?
What was the impact of the Cattle Trails?
What caused the rise and fall of the Goodnight-Loving Trail?
Why did the railroads help to destroy Native American life?
TASK: Railroad Card Sort
Step 1: Separate the cards into:
* Reasons why the government built railroads.
* Reasons why companies built railroads.

Step 2: Do you think the government and the railroad companies wanted to build the railways for the same reasons?
Learning Objectives
Know - The problems faced when building the ranscontinetal railroad.

Understand - Why the transcontintental railroad was built.

Concept - Causation

Skills - Inference, categorisation and
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
TASK: Railroad Problems
Why this was significant
Use pp.49-50 (yellow book) to complete the table.
What can we infer from this source?
What was the most important reason for building the transcontinental railroad?
Manifest Destiny
Law and Order
In 1862, the US Congress passed the Pacific Railways Act - This set up two companies: The Union Pacific Railroad Company and the Central Pacific Railroad Company.

The two companies began laying railroad from Omaha, Nebraska in the east and Sacramento, Claifornia in the West.

The two companies met in Promontory Point, Utah on 10 May 1869.

Makes an inference from a primary source.
Explains the reasons why the transcontinental railroad was built.
Analyses the problems faced when building the transcontinental railroad.
What were the consequences of the transcontinental railroad?
Learning Objectives
Know - The different consequences of the transcontinental railroad.

Understand - How different groups were affected in different ways.

Concept - Consequence

Skills - Group work, categorising consequences.
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
TASK: Railroad Role Play
Your task is to build the transcontinental railroad.

You will be competing against each other. Also, you will get more money for the more track completed.

The Union Pacific will be starting from Omaha, Iowa and the Central Pacific from Sacramento, California.

You mut create rails which are exactly 5 cm by 10 cm and there must be 4 sleepers across each piece of rail. The Central Pacific Team will have to make their way through the Sierra Nevada mountains..

There are two government agents who will act as quality control and will reject any sub-standard work.
TASK: Mind Map
Wind pumps and drills and mechanical reapers could be brought to the Plains by rail.
Consequences of railroads on farmers
Answer Q 1-2 on p. 51 (yellow book).
The Union Pacific railroad has been attacked by Native American worried about the threat to their hunting grounds. Stop working for 1 minute!
The Central Pacific Railroad has solved a labour shortage by employing Chinese migrants. Gain a team member.
A huge number of workers die due to the terrible weather conditions, dangerous work and poor sanitation. Lose a worker each.
Hot Question
What was the most significant consequence of the railroads and why?
What can we infer from these sources?
EXAM ALERT: Explain two consequences of the development of the railroads on Native Americans (8 Marks - 4 Marks each)
Consequence 1:
One significant consequence of the development of the railroads was...

Consequence 2:
1–2 Marks:
Simple or generalised comment is offered about a consequence.
Generalised information about the topic is included.
3–4 Marks:
Features of the period are analysed to explain a consequence.
Specific information about the topic is added to support the explanation.
In 1884 there were around 325 wild bison left in the United States – including 25 in Yellowstone. Before the Europeans arrived in New World, there were more than 50 million bison in North America.
TASK: Railroads and Native Americans
1. Mind map the consequences of the railroads on Native Americans (Yellow Book p. 52.)

2. Which was the most important consequence and why?
Learning Objectives
Know - The consequences of the development of the railroads on Native Americans.

Understand - The relative importance of these different consequences.

Concept - Consequence.

Skills - Source inference, evaluation and exam practice.
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Makes an inference from a primary source.
Explains the consequences of railroad development on Native Americans.
Creates a response to a consequence question.
The advantages from the development of the railroads outweigh the negatives.
STARTER: Can you work out the link?
Learning Objectives
Know - What the Goodnight-Loving Trail was.

Understand - Why the Goodnight Loving Trail began and ended.

Concept - Causation.

Skills - Making hypotheses, judgement and evaluation.
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
TASK: The Rise of the Goodnight Loving Trail
1. Explain what the Goodnight-Loving Trail was. Make sure that you use specific detail (facts and figures).

2. Why was the Goodnight-Loving Trail important in the development of the cattle industry? Think about the solutions it gave to some problems with rearing and selling cattle.

TASK: The fall of the Goodnight-Loving Trail
Pyramid of Problems:
Sort the problems into a pyramid with the most significant problem at the top.
Makes a link between different factors to make a hypothesis about the cattle industry.
Explains the Goodnight-Loving Trail was and why it was important.
Evaluates the reasons why the Goodnight-Trail and other cattle trails ceased to be used.
Who was most significant in the development in the development of the cattle industry?
John Iliff
Charles Goodnight & Oliver Loving
Learning Objectives
Know - What happened to the cattle industry over time.

Understand - Why the open range approach to the cattle industry ended.

Concept - Causation.

Skills - Evidence gathering and group discussion
Mountain Man
Mormon Settler
Learning Outcomes
Why did the open range end?
TASK: End of the Open Range
Reasons or the end of the Open Range
Use specific detail!!
TASK: Cattle Industry Video Review
Could the boom and bust of the cattle industry have been avoided?
TIP - How could the problems have been avoided?
Cattle Industry Dingbats
Consolidates knowledge on the cattle industry.
Creates solutions to the problems faced by the open range cattle industry.
Explains the reasons for the collapse of the open range cattle industry.
TASK: Consequences of Cattle
Extension - Go back to your map of America and plot the cattle trails.
Learning Objectives
- Consequences of the development of the cattle trails.

- The significance of these developments.

- Consequence and Significance.

- Comprehension, source analysis and evaluation.
Learning Outcomes
Sitting Bull
Red Cloud
Little Crow
Infers the chain of causation of the cattle trails in the US
Explains the consequence of the cattle industry.
TASK: Cattle Trails
STEP 1: Complete the questions silently, using pp. 66-67:
1. What did Charles Goodnight and Oliver Loving do in 1866?
2. Who set up the town of Abilene and how did he do it?
3.What were the cow towns like?
4. How and why did cow towns change in the 1870s?
5. What was the life of the average cowboy like?
6. How did John Iliff revolutionise the cattle industry
7. What was an 'open range'?
8. What were the consequences of the open range?

STEP 2: What can the picture on p. 67 tell us about the cattle industry? Use the source and your own knowledge to support your answer (7 Marks)
*State your answer.
*Mention strengths from content and/or provenance (if relevant)
* Mention some limitations on the content/provenance (what is missing?)
Evaluates the significance of key individuals in the cattle industry.
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