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Native and African Canadians in World War 1

The contributions, treatment, and triumphs of the Natve and African Canadians in the First World War

Matija Nikolic

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Native and African Canadians in World War 1

In World War 1 Native and African Canadians The end Enlistment of Native and African Canadians in world war 1 Famous Native and African Canadians in WW1 Treatment of African and Native Canadians in the Military THANKS FOR LISTENING Famous Native Canadians Gabby African Canadians in Early Word War One In the early years of the war African-Canadians were prohibited from enlisting. Still, though, very few African-Canadian soldiers had a chance to fight on the front lines •Francis Pegahmagabow Military Medal
& Two Bars

•He was the most decorated First Nations
soldier in Canadian military history

•The most effective sniper of World War I Francis Pegahmagabow The No. 2 Construction Battalion This was the only exclusively African-Canadian battalion in the Canadian Military They were sent to France with the Canadian Forestry Corps. Instead of fighting, they worked as laborers First Nations People in World War One An estimated 4,000 First Nations people fought in the war Many Métis and Inuit men fought with the 1st Newfoundland Regiment Many Ojibwa men fought with the 52nd Canadian Light Infantry Battalion They performed better as snipers or scouts Aboriginal Enlistment Aboriginal men were keen to volunteer Depending on the location of a community, many men weren't exposed to propaganda When the conscription laws were passed, Aboriginal people were specified as exempt Henry Norwest •Henry Norwest earned the Military
Medal & Bar

•Norwest was born in Saskatchewan,
Alberta, and was of French –Cree

•One of the most famous and
distinguished Canadian snipers
in World War I •Tom Longboat was an Onondaga long
distance runner

•He is an example of the selfless response of Canadians

•He was the champion long distance
runner for most of his career Tom Charles Longboat Famous African Canadians Jeremiah Jones •Jeremiah Jones was reportedly recommended
for a Distinguished Conduct Medal

•He was wounded many times in battle

•Jeremiah Jones never actually received
Distinguished Conduct Medal •Reverend Captain William Andrew White
was an American-born Canadian missionary

•He was a World War I chaplain, the only black
chaplain in the entire British Army during the

•He was the father of singer Portia White William Andrew White Anderson Ruffin Abbot •Anderson Ruffin Abbott was the first licensed

•His career included participation in the Civil war
and the first world war

•Abbott was born in Toronto as the son of
Wilson Ruffin Abbott and Ellen Abbott tits Enlistment for Minorities No Native, African or Asian Canadians were allowed to enlist It Was often referred to as a white man’s war Native women served as nurses Natives were considered Wards of the state so they did not have the rights of citizens, including enlisting 37% native enlistment Native Canadian contributions Strong bond with the Queen of England and the royal family. Voting rights. Escape from the confinement of the reserves. Reasons for native Enlistment 10% of Canada’s black population enlisted. In 1916 they began to enlist African Canadians for non combat duties. Contributions of African Canadians Government petition s John William Pugsley wasrequested to bring the issue up in court Countless unsuccessful attempts 1916 granted the ability to fight Not allowed to fight next to whites The Fight to get the right to Enlist Native & African Canadians in World War One By:Gabby, Alejandra, Ketan, and Matija

Racial Prejudice shown by Military staff
Less benefits were given, than to any white soldiers
Worse conditions and more work risks
Harder to enlist into army service
Segregation and less priority placed on the wounded Common Treatment African and Native Enlistees Were originally working in labour/construction jobs, which were often in battle fronts and had many hazards
Racism including taunts of being worse than the enemy
Families were not paid on death because they were not considered “Canadian Combatants”
Woman were not aloud to become nurses in the red cross
Many men were segregated due to the belief that all of the maroons were less valuable African Canadians Had Very Poor Living conditions including not having outside bunkers
Language barrier prevented communication and socialization which created a Stigma
No Immunity to common war sicknesses such as tuberculous
Many Native soldiers did not conform to Militarist’s beliefs Native Canadians
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