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Copy of Archetypes in "Rebecca" by Daphne du Maurier
Transcript of Copy of Archetypes in "Rebecca" by Daphne du Maurier
Daphne du Maurier
is represented by
is represented by the
of the novel: Rebecca, Mrs. Danvers,
and Mr. Jack Favell.
Manderley itself is touted by the ton to be the most beautiful estate and its
reputation unblemished. Life within
Manderley is more than Mrs. deWinter
could imagine - it's lavish, ornate, grand,
and this is where she becomes Maxim's
true wife by taking over the household
duties bequeathed through marriage.
Manderley is where all
evil is discovered. Outside of
Manderley deceit grips the
hearts of the characters and
fear shrouds their lives.
Rebecca is the embodiment of sin and deceit in the novel. Her adultery in London and the "moonlight picnics" at her cottage show this. These escapades also show the division between Manderley and the corruption of the world. Rebecca was unable to take her alter life into Manderley, where she instead pretended to be madly in love with Maxim so that scandal did not touch the deWinter name. She had to go on with her ugliness outside of Manderley because it was impossible for her to do so within the grounds without reprecussions.
Heaven vs. Sin
Mr. Jack Favell
Mrs. Danvers represents sin in the novel through her association with Rebecca. Her loyalty to the late Mrs. deWinter even after death shows her own corruption in not seeing the evil that lived within her late mistress. She then takes out her anger against the second Mrs. deWinter by being cold and cruel to her and comparing her to Rebecca. She: set Mrs. deWinter up for humiliation at the ball, preened over keeping Rebecca's tastes throughout the house, and proceeded to burn Manderley down after the trial.
Mr. Jack Favell represents sin by committing adultery with Rebecca during her marriage with Maxim. He also appears later in the novel to "take a look at the new wife" and he then continues to flirt with Mrs. deWinter. His loose character is the temptation that Rebecca was unable to resist. He and Mrs. Danvers are suspicious of Rebecca's death and therefore are the constant struggle in the novel against Maxim and Mrs. deWinter.
The Color Red
The color white represents Mrs. deWinter's innocence in high society - its represented when she dones the white dress from Rebecca's painting for the fancy dress ball.
To further alienate the second Mrs. deWinter at Manderley, the comparison is drawn between Rebecca and Mrs. deWinter's appearances. Rebecca had dark features whereas the second Mrs. deWinter had blonde hair and was said to be very plain. Thus drawing the audience to suspect the maturity and "devilishness" of Rebecca and showing the innocence and purity of the second Mrs. deWinter.
“I believe there is a theory that men and women emerge finer and stronger after suffering, an that to advance in this or any world we must endure ordeal by fire."
“It wouldn't make for sanity would it, living with the devil.”
“I wondered why it was that places are so much lovelier when one is alone...And the bluebells beside us unnoticed, and the pigeons overhead unheard. I did not want anyone with me. Not even Maxim. If Maxim had been there I should not be lying as I was now, chewing a piece of grass, my eyes shut."
“The peace of Manderley. The quietude and the grace. Whoever lived within its walls, whatever trouble there was and strife, however much uneasiness and pain, no matter what tears were shed, what sorrows borne, the peace of Manderley could not be broken or the loveliness destroyed.”
The color red represents both the passion and pain of Manderley - or, more specifically, its inhabitants.
The passion is best represented by the "blood red rhododendrons" in the beginning of the novel, lining the drive into Manderley that "nameless shrubs" give way to. The flowers are representative of Rebecca and her vibrant personality - her passion for life and how she's always watching (even through death) over Manderley.
“There was never an accident.Rebecca was not drowned at all. I killed her.I shot Rebecca in the cottage in the cove.I carried her body to the cabin, and took the boat out that night and sunk it there, where they found it today.It's Rebecca who's lying dead there on the cabin floor.Will you look into my eyes and tell me that you love me now?”
"Do you think the dead come back and watch the living?”
The pain in the novel is represented by the fire as Manderley is burnt to the ground. Though Manderley was esteemed and the jewel in Maxim's crown, it also was worth losing so that he wasn't haunted by Rebecca and her murder for the rest of his life. He was then free of the pain she caused and while he lost his ancestral home, he also gained the love of Mrs. deWinter and his contentment to live life unburdened.
The garden is representative of the peace and loveliness that is Manderley. This is the sanctuary of the novel - this is where "Happy Valley" is located: a part of the gardens that is untouched by the cultivation done by Rebecca.
The garden also alludes to the Garden of Eden when looking at Manderley as if it's representative of Heaven. You must pass through the gardens and woods before you reach the beach where Rebecca's cabin was located. And, ultimately, where sin is committed and thrives.
The sea is the backdrop for countless sins within the novel. This where Rebecca hosts her "moonlight picnics" with her paramours and where she meets her demise by Maxim's pistol. The ebb and flow of the sea compliment the idea that Manderley is Heaven and the outside world (the sea and beyond) are 'Sin'. Manderley is constant - its beauty is timeless and the facade put up to keep it that way never changes. The sea, however, is forever changing. Rebecca's love of sailing highlighted this - she wanted constant change in her life and she had it by taking her lovers down to the sea and by setting out for a daring adventure on the Cornish coast. Her alternate lifestyle was thrown back in her face when Maxim murdered her in her cabin, though.
The sea, normally representative of peace and the current of time, is in this case the mystery of lies and where the masquerade put up by the characters is stripped away - where the truth of Manderley is shown and the hatred characters have for each other is finally revealed. The sea shows the reality of the characters' lives. The sea is where everything false is washed away - such as the drowning of Rebecca's body.
The Second Mrs. deWinter
and Maxim deWinter
The heroes of the novel are the second Mrs. deWinter and Maxim deWinter. The novel is told in first person by the second Mrs. deWinter - describing her discovery of her new life with Maxim. Her quest begins as a simple quest; making Maxim happy as his new wife. But, as she delves deeper into Manderley and those in residence, she begins her true quest to ultimately overcome her "shyness" as a young bride and step out of the shadow left by Rebecca. It is then that Maxim becomes a more involved character and the audience begins to see that though he may be a hero - his actions seem very much that of an antagonist. But, once the audience hears his side to the story - one that exposes the seedy underbelly of Manderley - they side with him and want only what he's wanted all along on HIS quest: to be happy.
About Daphne du Maurier
Dame Daphne du Maurier (Lady Browning) was born in 1907 in London, England and died 1989 in Cornwall, U.K. Her grandfather was George du Maurier, a renowned novelist himself. 'Rebecca' was one of her greatest novels.
'Rebecca' was written in 1938 while du Maurier was in Alexandria, Egypt with her husband. du Maurier said that the novel was meant to show "the exploration of the relationship between a man who was powerful and a woman who was not."
LoBianco, Lorriane. "Daphne du Maurier Profile." TMC Turner Classic Movies. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Feb 2012. <http://www.tcm.turner.com/this-month/article/194276|0/Based-On-Daphne-Du-Maurier.html>.