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The Sahara Desert

By Nat, Emily, Charlotte, and Noah.

cookie raver

on 27 September 2012

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Transcript of The Sahara Desert

http://geography.about.com/od/locateplacesworldwide/a/saharadesert.htm By Nat, Noah, Emily, and Charlotte The Sahara Desert The Sahara is an extremely large sea of sand and the sand dunes are searing hot and super huge. http://www.desertusa.com/du_sahara.html http://library.thinkquest.org/16645/the_land/sahara_desert.shtml References http://i.images.cdn.fotopedia.com/flickr-1137720294-hd/People_around_the_World/Arab_States/Libya/Tuareg/Berber_camel_driver.jpg Tuareg The Tuareg are a large group of people who live in the regions of north Africa like Niger, Mali, Nigeria, and many more. Tuareg is an Arabic term meaning abandoned by God. Tuaregs wear blue robes. The Tuareg speak a language called Tamashek. Tamashek is written in a print called tifinagh. In the 1400s, the Tuareg traded goods with Portuguese West Africa. While trading, often times caravan raiding occurred. Slaves were taken to the south. At the end of the 1800s they performed raids on the French, who tried to control their trading. In 1917 there was a rebellion against the French but around 30,000 Tuaregs ended up running to Nigeria. Animals Plants Animals like the Oryx, The Fennec Fox, Fun Facts the Sahara fills almost a third of Africa Picture of the Fennec Fox Sahara is the Arabic word for desert the Sahara is the world's largest hot desert salt, iron ore, phosphates, oil, and gas are common minerals the Sahara receives less than 4 inches of rain a year the Sahara is the size of the United States Scientists are seeing signs that show that the Sahara is increasing in vegetation because of more amounts of precipitation Pearson Learning Core Knowledge History and Geography (The Textbook) other than the inhabitants of the Nile river valley, two and a half million people live in the Sahara A picture of an Oryx (it is a type of Gazelle) The Barbary Sheep, Plants such as Tamarisks Trees, The Spotted Hyena, The African Welwitchsia, Camels, http://www.desertusa.com/du_sahara_life.html The African Peyote Catcus, The Screwhorn Antelope, And many other animals live in the Sahara Desert. Eragrostis, Picture of Eragrostis (a type of grass) Date Palms, and Doum palms The African Peyote cactus has a thick stem so it can hold more water for a long period of time. This plant can also be used for medical purposes. Just in case some of you don't know what they look like... Spotted Hyenas like to eat the remains of animals left by other meat eaters, but they also hunt for themselves. They mainly hunt small animals such as birds and insects. Spotted Hyenas are omnivores and usually weigh from about 110 pounds to about 190 pounds. Spotted Hyenas stay in clans of about 80. Spotted Hyenas have good night vision and smell. have adapted for
a long time but it finally
paid off http://www.buzzle.com/articles/sahara-desert-plants.html sup Spotted Hyenas go to google docs please Philip's Encyclopedia 2008 The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather Guide The Columbia Encyclopedia Columbia University Press http://www.credoreference.com/entry/columency/sahara Barbary Sheep Barbary sheep originated in the Sahara desert. The Barbary sheep live in the mountains of North Africa.
The Barbary sheep have adapted to the desert by being able to go for a long time without drinking more water, because they use inner water. They have curly horns. Most sheep have one lamb, but twins are also normal. Barbary sheep are herbivores and eat grasses and small shrubs. http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Ammotragus_lervia/ The African Peyote Cactus The African Welwitchsia This plant has very long roots to get more water from the ground. The african Welwitchsia has been known to live a long time. Picture of a Tamarisk Tree Picture of the Screwhorn Antelope Picture of a Doum Palm (they apparently carry fruit!!!!!) How the Sahara was Formed The Sahara was once a large grassland that held a large amount of life. It turned into a desert because of a devastating desertification change. Over at least 300 years of desertification it stopped raining and wildlife had to move.
Scientists at Potsdam Institute say it was the most dramatic change in 11000 years. To Tuaregs, their souls always rest in their bodies, except when they are sleeping. While they sleep, the Tuaregs believe that the soul is free to travel wherever it feels. http://www.everyculture.com/Africa-Middle-East/Tuareg-Religion-and-Expressive-Culture.html What is the Sahara desert like? It has two main rivers: the Nile river and the Niger. Although it is typically thought of as having many sand dunes, it is only 15% covered in the stereotypical dunes. Other features in the Sahara are mountains, plateaus, and plains. The hottest temperature in the Sahara ever recorded was 136 degrees Fahrenheit.
In the Sahara there are many mountain ranges and some are volcanic.
It lies between the equatorial trade winds in Northern Africa. What we would do in the Sahara Go to Egypt and visit the Giza Pyramids. The Giza Pyramids were built around 4500 years ago. The first was the Great Pyramid of Khufu. http://www.onepiecetravel.com/AFRICA/Cairo--Egypt_162.html http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/archaeology/giza-pyramids See the Tuareg and learn their customs. The Sahara gets smaller and larger all the time. Even in the Sahara's wetter areas, they can go without rain for years. The desert is so huge that voyagers can look for days without finding an oasis. Camp out with a lot of blankets and jackets and rations and a fan to see what a night in the desert is like. http://www.placesonline.com/africa/mali/attractions.asp Visit the highest floor in the Cairo Tower and view the Pyramids and the Nile river in a telescope from high above. I'd also want to eat at 360 Revolving to see more of Cairo. Thanks for watching! END OF PREZI!!
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