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Implementing Sustainable Farming Techniques by the Use of Ch
Transcript of Implementing Sustainable Farming Techniques by the Use of Ch
Food Source (eggs = protein)
Source of Food
by using a chicken tractor (moveable chicken coop lacking a floor)
Chickens are also known to reduce
populations in equestrian farms because they eliminate excess grains that are left by horses
Chose Your Breed
Food: seeds, nuts, fruit, greens, grains (oats, wheat, barley, winter rye)
When chickens are roaming they can deposit their nutrient-rich droppings right on your garden, which reduces the time you need to clean the coop!
Factors to Consider
Small urban lot (<7000 sq. ft includes house & garage)
Implementing Sustainable Farming Techniques by the Use of Chickens
By: Renee Benson
Why did I choose this topic?
Chickens can help
eliminate the use of
herbicides & insecticides!
Overall, the use of
chickens will save
I love to
My lifelong goal is to have a sustainable farm of my own.
One day live off the land.
Manure & Compost
Lawn removal & mowing
Free-Range Chickens =
healthier, more nutritious eggs
Mother Earth News conducted a study (2007)
free-range vs. USDA nutritional data
: 1/3 less cholesterol, 1/4 less sat. fat,
2/3 more vitamin A, 7x more beta-carotene,
2x more omega-3 fatty acid, 3x more vitamin E
A chicken lays 1 egg per day!
Did you know you can freeze eggs? (no shell)
In a mature growth garden, chickens will munch on newly establishing
the soil by scratching and turning it over
your lawn as well (optimal grass height is 2-5")
"Chickens are happy tilling in even the
tallest and toughest cover crops, or
fighting the jungle
" in the most heavily
Gardeners say that chickens have reduced insect populations including:
What About Beneficial Insects?
Research has not yet shown if chickens have an impact on beneficial insects
It is better than using herbicides & pesticides for the environment
$$ Cost Effective $$
It is up to you to weigh out the pros and cons
of using chickens
self sufficient, productive
good starter hen
Rhode Island Red
good with children
reliable producer (175-200 eggs per yr)
become too heavy to fly (7-10 lbs)
temperamant: sweet & docile
small eggs :(
good with children
skin & bones have
Eastern medicine believes it
has healing powers!
clip their wings
docile & personable
prolific egg layers (at least 200 eggs per yr)
comes in many colors
tolerates cold weather
alert to predators
lays 250 brown eggs per yr
friendly (good pets)
can be aggressive towards other chickens
don't go broody (behavior of incubating eggs - broody chickens are protective of their eggs and may peck if you try to retrieve egg)
mouse hunter - also known to eat frogs & lizards
Good breed to control insects
critically endangered according to breed conservative organizations
Only American breed created by a woman (Nettie Metcalf of Ohio)
Native to Africa
extremely good fliers
noisiest of all fowls (good predator alert)
This picture shows the fowl surrounding an eastern diamondback rattlesnake
size of garden & # of chickens
Suburban lot (7000-13,000 sq. ft)
Large suburban lot / rural area (>13,000 sq. ft)
How to raise your chickens: know the life cycle
Routine: feeding schedule, timing, & access to garden
Protecting your flock from predators
(dark camouflage color chickens are
less likely to be spotted by predators)
Know the LAW &
Shelter: predators & extreme weather (coop, trees, & shrubs)
Baneberry, bladderpod, castor bean, corn cockle, death camas, death angel mushrooms, jimsonweed, pokeweed, mexican poppy, mlkweed, monkshood, oleander, tobacco, cowbane & yew
prevent ticks, fleas & lice
improving circulation & reducing inflammation
: curing fevers, headaches & toothaches
: rutin strengthens eyes
calming effect on nervous system
: helps prevent worms, antiviral,
antifungal & antibacterial properties
Free-range chicken gardens: how to create a beautiful, chicken-friendly yard
. Portland, Or.: Timber Press, 2012. Print.
Glos, Karma, and Jocelyn Langer.
Humane and healthy poultry production: a manual for organic growers.
Rev. ed. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Pub., 2011. Print.