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Implementing Sustainable Farming Techniques by the Use of Ch

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Renee Benson

on 26 February 2014

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Transcript of Implementing Sustainable Farming Techniques by the Use of Ch

Benefits of
Using Chickens
Food Source (eggs = protein)
Source of Food
Tillage
Lawn removal
by using a chicken tractor (moveable chicken coop lacking a floor)
Pest Control
Chickens are also known to reduce
rat
&
mice
populations in equestrian farms because they eliminate excess grains that are left by horses
Chose Your Breed
Requirements
Food: seeds, nuts, fruit, greens, grains (oats, wheat, barley, winter rye)
Manure
When chickens are roaming they can deposit their nutrient-rich droppings right on your garden, which reduces the time you need to clean the coop!
Factors to Consider
Small urban lot (<7000 sq. ft includes house & garage)
3-5 chickens
Implementing Sustainable Farming Techniques by the Use of Chickens
northcoastgardening.com
By: Renee Benson
Why did I choose this topic?

Chickens can help
eliminate the use of
herbicides & insecticides!
Overall, the use of
chickens will save
on management
costs!
I love to
eat eggs!
My lifelong goal is to have a sustainable farm of my own.

One day live off the land.
Manure & Compost

Aerate soil
Pest control
Weed control
Lawn removal & mowing
Great pets!
eastsidehill.com
Free-Range Chickens =
healthier, more nutritious eggs
Mother Earth News conducted a study (2007)

free-range vs. USDA nutritional data
Free-range
: 1/3 less cholesterol, 1/4 less sat. fat,
2/3 more vitamin A, 7x more beta-carotene,
2x more omega-3 fatty acid, 3x more vitamin E
www.the chicken-chick.com
A chicken lays 1 egg per day!
Did you know you can freeze eggs? (no shell)
In a mature growth garden, chickens will munch on newly establishing
weeds
Aerate
the soil by scratching and turning it over
ana-white.com
Chickens can
mow
your lawn as well (optimal grass height is 2-5")
"Chickens are happy tilling in even the
tallest and toughest cover crops, or
"
fighting the jungle
" in the most heavily
weed-grown patches."
-Harvey Ussery
Gardeners say that chickens have reduced insect populations including:
scorpions
,
grasshoppers
,
stink bugs
,
pill bugs
,
fleas
,
ticks
,
lawn grubs
,
fire ants
and
flies
Insect Control!
What About Beneficial Insects?
Research has not yet shown if chickens have an impact on beneficial insects
It is better than using herbicides & pesticides for the environment

$$ Cost Effective $$

It is up to you to weigh out the pros and cons
of using chickens
Goal is
PERMACULTURE
(permanent agriculture)
self sufficient, productive
ecosystem with
less work
Orpington
good starter hen
Silky
en.wikipedia.com
Plymouth Rock
mypetchicken.com
Rhode Island Red
www.mypetchicken.com
Buckeye
slowfoodcolumbus.org
good with children
reliable producer (175-200 eggs per yr)
become too heavy to fly (7-10 lbs)
good mothers
backyardchickens.com
temperamant: sweet & docile
beautiful chicken
5 toes
small eggs :(
excellent mothers
friendly
good with children
skin & bones have
blue/black pigment
Eastern medicine believes it
has healing powers!
clip their wings
Bantam breed
docile & personable
prolific egg layers (at least 200 eggs per yr)
comes in many colors
tolerates cold weather
intelligent
alert to predators
lays 250 brown eggs per yr
friendly (good pets)
can be aggressive towards other chickens
heat tolerant
good meat
curious
don't go broody (behavior of incubating eggs - broody chickens are protective of their eggs and may peck if you try to retrieve egg)
mouse hunter - also known to eat frogs & lizards
Good breed to control insects
calm
cold tolerant
critically endangered according to breed conservative organizations
Only American breed created by a woman (Nettie Metcalf of Ohio)
Guinea Hens
www.northrup.org
Native to Africa
hardy birds
extremely good fliers
Predator!
retrieverman.net
TICKS!
noisiest of all fowls (good predator alert)
This picture shows the fowl surrounding an eastern diamondback rattlesnake
Disease Control!
size of garden & # of chickens
Suburban lot (7000-13,000 sq. ft)
5-8 chickens
Large suburban lot / rural area (>13,000 sq. ft)
8-12 chickens
How to raise your chickens: know the life cycle
Routine: feeding schedule, timing, & access to garden
Protecting your flock from predators
(dark camouflage color chickens are
less likely to be spotted by predators)
Know the LAW &
your neighbors!
Shelter: predators & extreme weather (coop, trees, & shrubs)
Fresh water
Nesting sites
Love
Toxic Plants
Baneberry, bladderpod, castor bean, corn cockle, death camas, death angel mushrooms, jimsonweed, pokeweed, mexican poppy, mlkweed, monkshood, oleander, tobacco, cowbane & yew
Medicinal Plants
catnip:
prevent ticks, fleas & lice
chickweed:
improving circulation & reducing inflammation
feverfew
: curing fevers, headaches & toothaches
Rue
: rutin strengthens eyes
Lavender:
calming effect on nervous system
Garlic
: helps prevent worms, antiviral,
antifungal & antibacterial properties
References
www.mypetchicken.com
www.northcoastgardening.com
www.retreiverman.net
www.Youtube.com
www.northup.org
www.slowfoodcolumbus.org
www.wikipedia.com
www.backyardchickens.com
www.thechicken-chick.com
www.motherearthnews.com
Bloom, Jessi.
Free-range chicken gardens: how to create a beautiful, chicken-friendly yard
. Portland, Or.: Timber Press, 2012. Print.
Glos, Karma, and Jocelyn Langer.
Humane and healthy poultry production: a manual for organic growers.
Rev. ed. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Pub., 2011. Print.
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