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Ｍelanie Klein, Bowlby, Winnicott and Bion
Transcript of Ｍelanie Klein, Bowlby, Winnicott and Bion
The concept of holding
Trilogy: Attachment and Loss
Theory of Thinking
the 'mother's technique of holding, of bathing, of feeding, everything she did for the baby, added up to the child's first idea of the mother'
An expression of the delinquent child's sense of loss, a rupture of an earlier integration the child carried within him.
child whose home fails to give a feeling of security looks outside his home for the four walls...looking to society instead of to his own family or school to provide the stability he needs
Playing and reality
True and False Self
The initiation of playing is associated with the life experience of the baby who has come to trust the mother figure
True Self is a sense of being alive and real in one's mind and body, having feelings that are spontaneous and unforced.
False Self was what allowed one to present a "polite and mannered attitude" in public.
The Nature of the Child’s Tie to His Mother (1958)
Separation Anxiety (1959)
Grief and Mourning in Infancy and Early Childhood (1960)
Children between 6 and about 30 months are very likely to form emotional attachments to familiar caregivers, especially if the adults are sensitive and responsive to child communications.
The emotional attachments of young children are shown behaviourally in their preferences for particular familiar people, their tendency to seek proximity to those people, especially in times of distress, and their ability to use the familiar adults as a secure base from which to explore the environment.
The formation of emotional attachments contributes to the foundation of later emotional and personality development, and the type of behaviour toward familiar adults shown by toddlers has some continuity with the social behaviours they will show later in life.
Events that interfere with attachment, such as abrupt separation of the toddler from familiar people or the significant inability of carers to be sensitive, responsive or consistent in their interactions, have short-term and possible long-term negative impacts on the child's emotional and cognitive life.
Knowledge, Love and Hate
Work on Projective Identification
a-element, b-element and a-function
L, H, +K and -K
Bionic Triangle: L, H, -K
O: Thing in itself
To prevent someone who KNOWS from filling the empty space