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tok presentation

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by

Jonas Scholl

on 28 January 2015

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Transcript of tok presentation

Steroids:
Medical definition:

-any of a group of usually synthetic hormones that are derivatives of testosterone,
Our definition:
Performance enhancing substance promoting more rapid muscle growth, allowing quicker recovery


Logical fallacies on steroids
Reason
Natural Science

Bodybuilding:
Medical treatment
Correlation proves causation:
The public is under the belief that taking steroids will automatically make the user become built and muscular. They believe steroids will help them to enhance physical performance, increase muscle size and strength in really short time and without any effort
irrati nal vs rati nal
Why do people take steroids?
Improves athletic ability and gives edge during a competition
Allows athletes to lose weight
Improves muscular strength and performance
Provides muscles more oxygen and increases muscle mass
Increases visual appearance
Increases strength ability
When can taking steroids be justified?
liver cancer, organ damage, psychological defects, hormonal changes, sometimes infertility
Greater risk of Hepatitis B and C
Increase the risk of tearing tendons
enlarged breasts for men and increase facial hair in women
more aggressive personality
Growth can be stunted at a young age
damage veins
may/can lead to death
Balding and hair loss
Aggression and Depression
Paranoia and Insomnia
Nausea and Vomiting
High Blood Pressure
Aching Joints
Jaundice or Liver Damage
Urinary Trouble
Heart Disease and Cancer
Susceptibility to HIV and other transmitted diseases.
rational: based on or in accordance with reason or logic
Steroids have been proven to be successful at preventing muscle loss and maintaining testosterone levels in sick patients
Appeal to authority
We trust scientists and studies without knowing the validity of those studies
We believe in scientists because they are authoritative figures


Appeal to authority
On the other hand, young individuals seeking to improve their aesthetics trust in "juiced" bodybuilders
Cherry picking:
Just because a sample of individuals proved to show side effects, doesn't imply that everyone will obtain these symptoms occur to everyone
Appeal to emotion
Bodybuilders feel positive about steroids and are convinced of its positive effects rather than its negative effects
Steroids are used in bodybuilding to enhance performance and aesthetics
Irrational Reasoning:
Its rational to use steroids on patients who rely on it to survive, or be treated
It is irrational to take steroids to just improve aesthetics of an individual, as the negative impacts that come with it outweigh the positives
When can taking steroids be justified?
Tolerance of anabolic Steroids:
Illegal for personal use, can only prescribed by doctors (1990)
Legal for personal use
Illegal since US invasion (2003)
Steroids are the result of scientific research, anabolic steroids, or anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS), are the synthetic (made in a lab) derivatives of the naturally produced hormone testosterone.
Corticosteroids
Synthetic pharmaceutical drugs with corticosteroid-like effects are used in a variety of conditions, ranging from brain tumors to skin diseases.
WOK:
AOK:
Language:
noun: the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way
Negative wording:
Abuse
Harmful
illegal
"cheating substance"
The TOK ways of knowing are how we acquire knowledge about the world around us, and figure out our relationship with it.
The TOK areas of knowledge are how we divide up and label the knowledge we possess.
natural sciences
How do we know that steroids are harmful to the body?
(doctors, scientist)
ethics
Is it acceptable in certain circumstances to take steroids?
Real Life Situation:
Rich Piana:
Steroids are not as harmful as public thinks
Admits to using steroids himself
Real life situation
Real life situation
percentage aware of steroids in two different culture
How does culture influence the tolerance of steroids?
Knowledge question:
How does culture influence the tolerance of steroids?
Full transcript