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(Basic-Long)Islam & Caring for the Muslim Patient

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Ahmed Abdelmageed

on 26 October 2017

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Transcript of (Basic-Long)Islam & Caring for the Muslim Patient

Caring for the Muslim Patient
Unity within Diversity
Dietary Considerations
Halal Food
Halal means lawful and is used to designate food which is permitted in Islam
Halal Meat- Meat and derivatives that have been killed ritually

Not Permitted
Pork and Pork Products (swine)
Capsule and tablet casings


Islam places great emphasis on hygiene, in both physical and spiritual terms
e.g. Ablution

Other hygiene related rules include:
Washing with water after urination or defecation
Toilets should be equipped with a small water container to assist with washing
A beaker of water should be made available to a bedbound Muslim patient whenever they use a bed pan
Removal of armpit and pubic hair
Keeping nostrils clean
Keeping fingernails trimmed and clean

Modesty and Gender Interactions
Same sex provider

Interactions with the opposite sex
Physical interaction- Hand shaking, hugging
Alone in a room

Men and Women’s dress code
Wearing the headscarf (Hijab)
Knock on the door before entering
Islam & Caring for the Muslim Patient
Ahmed Abdelmageed PharmD
Assistant Dean of Experiential Education and Community Engagement
Associate Professor of Pharmacy Practice

Pop Quiz!!
Who Are the Muslims?
List the five pillars of Islam
Discuss modesty and gender Interaction considerations when caring for a Muslim patient

Discuss Maternity, Labor and Delivery and End of life issues as they pertain to the Islamic faith

List dietary restrictions

The Five Pillars of Islam
'submission to God’s will'
‘faith in God’
‘virtue through constant regard to, and awareness of, God’
What is Islam?
The essence and substance of Islam can be easily summed up by three major principles (which are also successive stages in the spiritual life):

Islam (meaning ‘submission to God’s will’)
Iman (meaning ‘faith in God’)
Ihsan (meaning ‘virtue through constant regard to, and awareness of, God’).

The Five Pillars of Islam
The testimony of faith


Paying of Zakah (alms)

Fasting the month of Ramadan

Hajj or Pilgrimage to Mecca

List the top 3 countries with the largest number of Muslims
Muslim Population by Region

Islam does not, like Christianity, have a clergy.
There is no temporal or even spiritual governing institute

A traditional Canon
A collection of sacred texts which everyone has agreed are authoritative and definitive, and which ‘fix’ the principles of belief, practice, law, theology and doctrine throughout the ages

Quran and Hadith-Sunnah
An internal check and balance system
Muslim scholars interpret these texts and work out their practical applications and detail certain limits beyond which it will not go
Testimony of Faith
I bear witness that there is no God but God and that Mohammad is His messenger

Prayer (Salah)
The call prayer

Five times a day
Before the break of dawn
Around noon

Weekly Friday prayer
Zakah (Alms)
Fast of Ramadan
The lunar calendar


To fast or not to fast
Hajj (Pilgrimage)
The Five Pillars of Islam
Tenets of Faith
Belief in…
Allah= God
The Quran and the books
Mohammad and the messengers
The hereafter
Individual accountability

Eid Al-fitr
Eid Al-adha
Blood and Organ Donations
Muslims accept blood transfusions and transplants of various human organs

It is acceptable for Muslims to donate blood and organs, as the saving of life is considered an act of great virtue

End of Life Issues

There is no elaborate or complicated ritual to be performed at the death bed
Family member would read some verses from the Qur’an and pray for the peaceful departure of the soul

If the patient is in a state of consciousness, they may wish to recite the testimony of faith and pass away while reciting these words

Muslim burials are performed as soon as possible after death, sometimes on the same day
Relatives or people from the Muslim community will wish to make arrangements for the washing, shrouding and burial according to Islamic requirements

As soon as a child is born, a Muslim father may wish to recite the call to prayer into the baby’s ears

Circumcision is performed on all male children
Can be postponed if medically necessary

A fetus after the age of 120 days is regarded as a viable baby
If a miscarriage, an intra-uterine death after 120 days, or stillbirth occurs, Muslim parents may wish to bury the baby

Islam suggests that mothers to breastfeed their children for two years

Maternity, Labor and Delivery

Cultural Competence
Patient’s perspective

And share one’s own perspective

Differences and similarities between those perspectives

Recommend treatment(s)
Patient involvement in the treatment plan is paramount

Negotiate treatmen
A mutually agreed-on treatment plan

How do you feel about your illness?

What treatment have you tried?

Have you sought any advice from folk healers?

Negotiate mutually acceptable options

Intervention agreement
Agree on an intervention

Collaborate with patient, family, and healers

There are five pillars of Islam that all practicing Muslims share

Prayer is an essential ritual of the Muslim day

Considerations for opposite gender interactions

Hygienic practices

Dietary considerations

Islam places the responsibility of practicing religion on the individual and, as a result, it is important that health care providers discuss religious observance needs with each patient
1- http://pewforum.org/ The-Future-of-the-Global-Muslim-population.aspx

2- The Royal Islamic Strategic Studies Centre http://www.rissc.jo/

3- Queensland Health and Islamic Council of Queensland.Health Care Providers’ Handbook on Muslim Patients Second Edition 2010. Division of the Chief Health Officer, Queensland Health, Brisbane 2010.

4- MEETING THE HEALTHCARE NEEDS OF AMERICAN MUSLIMS: Challenges and Strategies for Healthcare Settings. Aasim Padela, MD, MS, Katie Gunter, MPH, MSW, & Amal Killawi. ISPU MSW1225 Eye Street, Nw, Suite 307, Washington, DC, 20005

5- Berlin EA, Fowkes WC. A teaching framework for cross-cultural health care- application in family practice. West J Med. 1983;12(139):934-938.

6- Levin SJ, Rike RC, Gottlieb JE. ETHNIC: a framework for culturally competent clinical practice. In: Appendix: Useful Clinical Interviewing Mnemonics. Patient Care 2000;34:188-9.

7- Berlin EA, Fowkes WC. A teaching framework for cross-cultural health care- application in family practice. West J Med. 1983;12(139):934-938.

8- Levin SJ, Rike RC, Gottlieb JE. ETHNIC: a framework for culturally competent clinical practice. In: Appendix: Useful Clinical Interviewing Mnemonics. Patient Care 2000;34:188-9.

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