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A Comparison of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement and the South
Transcript of A Comparison of the U.S. Civil Rights Movement and the South
The History of the Civil Rights Movement and the Anti-Apartheid Movement
The Civil Rights Movement took place from the 1950s-1970s. The Civil Rights Movement was a period of time when many reform movements took place to stop racial discrimination and racism against African- Americans. African-Americans came together in a series of nonviolent protests. There were boycotts, protests and more for African Americans to have equal rights and for segregation to end.
Apartheid is a policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race. The all-white government began enforcing existing policies of racial segregation under a system of legislation. Black Africans were 80% of the countries population, but could live on only 7% of the worst land. They could not vote and could not get a good education or good jobs.
Participants in the Civil Rights Movement
The Participants in the Civil Rights Movement included:
African Americans and Caucasians
Poor, working class and middle class
Important Civil Rights Groups includeed:
The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
Leaders of the Civil Rights Movement and the Anti-Apartied Movement
Some of the leaders of the Civil Rights Movement include:
Rosa Parks, Medgar Evers, Andrew Young, John Lewis and, most important, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia. He was a minister and a Civil Rights activist. He went to Morehouse Collage and Boston University. His philosophy was non-violenct civil disobedience.
The End of the Segregation
There were many protests, including boycotts, marches and other demonstrations.
When Americans saw the violence against demonstrators in the South on television, including people being attacked with firehoses and dogs, they became angry and understood how unfair segregation was. President Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act in 1964.
The Civil Rights Act prohibits discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national origin. The law also provides the federal government with the powers to enforce desegregation. In 1968, Dr. Martin Luther King was shot in Memphis. President Johnson then signed the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibited housing discrimination.
The Legacy of the Civil Rights Movement
The outcome of the Civil Rights Movement is that African-Americans can eat, shop, live, vote and attend school anywhere in the U.S. African-Americans have reached the highest levels of achievement in almost every field, especially in politics with the election of President Obama. The are still challenges, but there has been a lot of progress.
Some of the leaders of the Anti-Apartied Movement include: Nelson Mandela, Stephen Biko and Desmiond Tutu.
Nelson Mandela was born in Mveso, Transkei, South Africa. He was a lawyer, a writer, a Anti-Apartheid activist, and a world leader. He attended the University of South Africa and several other schools. His philosophy was non-violenence, but he eventually changed and attacked government buildings to try to end Apartheid.
The Legacy of the Anti-Apartheid Movement
After the end of Apartheid, black Africans were supposed to get their land back but it still has not happened. Many blacks are still unemplyed and poor. Crime and violence are still high, due to a lack of quality education. However, black South Africans are slowly recovering from the many years of Apartheid.
The End of Apartheid
There were several protests in South Africa. After police attacks in Soweto and the arrest and death of Steve Biko in 1976, the United States and other Western countries began to remove their ambassadors from South Africa.
The U.S. and other Western countries boycotted South Africa by not doing business with the country.
In 1989 South African President F.W. de Klerk changed all Apartheid laws.
Nelson Mandela was released from prison in 1990 and became the first black president in 1984.
The Participants in the Anti-Apartied Movement included:
Primarily black Africans
Most black Africans were poor
Important Anti-Apartheid groups included:
African National Congress (ANC)
Pan-Africanist Congress (PAC)
South Africans Students’ Organization (SASO)
Participants in the Anti-Apartied Movement
Dr. Regina Benjamin, U.S. Surgeon General
Mae Jemison, Astronaut
Oprah Winfrery, Medial Mogul
Don Thompson, President, McDonald's Corp
President Barack Obama