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The United States Constitution
Transcript of The United States Constitution
Full faith and credit clause requires that the legislative and judicial actions of one state be honored by the other states.
A citizen of any state has the same privileges as citizens of all the other states
Provides for adding new states to the union
Guarantees each state a republican form of government,
Ensures protection against invasion or domestic violence.
Our Tree of Liberty
The Preamble explains the purposes of the Constitution, and defines the powers of the new government as originating from the people of the United States.
The longest article in the Constitution vests legislative power in the Senate and the House of Representatives.
It describes the organization of Congress and lists its specific powers, known as enumerated or delegated powers.
Through the necessary and proper clause (also called the elastic clause), Congress can make laws needed to carry out its enumerated powers.
Article I also lists the powers denied to Congress and the states.
This article deals with the executive branch. It describes:
the election of the president (and vice president)
the qualifications for holding the office
the procedures if a president can no longer serve
the powers of the president include serving as commander in chief of the army and navy, making treaties, and, with the "advice and consent of the Senate," appointing ambassadors, officials, and Supreme Court justices
This article established the Supreme Court and authorizes Congress to establish lower federal courts (judicial branch).
The types of cases the courts have jurisdiction over are given, and a provision is made for the right to trial by jury.
While not specifically stated, the power of the courts to declare a law unconstitutional is implied.
The United States Constitution
Written in 1787, the Constitution was signed on September 17. But it wasn’t until 1788 that it was ratified by the necessary nine states.
Of the written national constitutions, the U.S. Constitution is the oldest and shortest.
The Constitution is comprised of a preamble, seven articles and 27 amendments (last addition in 1992).
representative democracy = citizens elect people to represent their needs/concerns in government
legislative = law-making
bicameral = 2 houses (Senate & House of Representatives)
Florida's Senators -
Marco Rubio (left);
Bill Nelson (right)
Two of Florida's 27 Representatives -
Gus Bilirakis (left);
Kathy Castor (right)
execute = carry out (laws)
cabinet = President's advisors who run 15 executive departments
reprieves = postponements of punishments
The process for amending the Constitution is described. The states are responsible for ratifying amendments.
ratify = to pass
extradition = requires States, upon demand of another State, to deliver a fugitive from justice who has committed a "treason, felony or other crime" to the State from which the fugitive has fled
republican = representative form of government
The Constitution, the laws of the United States, and treaties entered into by the United States are the supreme law of the land. This is known as the supremacy clause.
Approval by conventions of nine of the states was required to ratify the Constitution.
** The debate over ratification was waged in the newspapers, through pamphlets, and on the floor of the state conventions, where the vote was often close. Those who favored the strong national government provided for in the Constitution called themselves the Federalists; their opponents became the Antifederalists.