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Copy of B12

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Dana Vintilescu

on 4 March 2015

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Transcript of Copy of B12

Basic 12
How would most people describe
Kim's sister?
What is Kim's sister really like?
The fact is...
Phrases with phone:
Phrases with call:
Phrases with message
1. Do you talk on the phone a lot?
2. In one day, how many calls do you make?
3. How many texts do you receive?
4. How many texts do you send?
5. Do you always answeryour phone or do you sometimes screen your calls?
Asking for someone & responding.
Asking for identification of caller.
Asking someone to wait.
Taking a message.
Do / would you mind are very polite and we use this if we think that we are disturbing the other person, or if we think there is a good chance that they will refuse our request.

We need to be very careful with the reply, because "Yes" means "No, you can't"!
Do you mind...

Would you mind...
Do you mind if I smoke?
Do you mind if I sit here?
Do you mind if I arrive late?
Would you mind if I smoked?
Would you mind if I sat here?
Would you mind if I arrived late?
A: Do you mind if I smoke?
B: Yes
Yes, I do mind. Yes, it bothers me.
= No you can't.
A: Do you mind if I smoke?
B: No
No, I don't mind. No, it doesn't bother me.
= Yes you can.
Peruvian Congress Finalizes And Approves New Computer Crime Law In Secret Session, With No Public Discussion.
suffix (also -ible in some words) is used to form many adjectives from nouns or verbs:

knowledgeable (= knows a lot)
suitable (= right/correct for a particular situation)

Quite often, -able (and -ible) has the meaning ‘can be done’.
Something that is washable ‘can be washed’.

comprehensible (= can be comprehended or understood)
reliable (= can be relied on or trusted, e.g. a car or other machine that never goes wrong or breaks down).
It isn't as big as the old one.
The old one is bigger than this one.

Jenny's new flat isn't as big as her old one.
Jenny's old flat is bigger than her new one.
Inequality adjectives.
We can show that two things are not equal using:

Inequality: verb+adverb
We can use this structure to to compare actions.
The order of the things you are comparing is opposite to that used in comparisons with comparative adjectives.
Michael doesn't play as well as he did this week.
Michael played better last week than he does this week.
Inequality: noun phrases.
We can use
not+such+noun phrase+as
to compare things using noun phrase.
The journey to London doesn't take such a long time as it used to.

The journey to London used to take longer
Inequality: modifying with adverbs nearly, quite, nowhere near.
When we want to show that there is a big or small difference between the things being compared we can use the adverbs "nearly, "nowhere near" and "quite".
My shoes didn't cost nearly as much as yours.
My shoes cost nowhere near as much as yours.
Your shoes cost much more than mine.
There aren't nearly as many people here today as there were yesterday.
There are nowhere near as many people today as there were yesterday.
There were far more people here yesterday than here are today.
Equality: adjectives, adverbs, quantity.
We can use as...as structure in positive form to show that things are the same.
My cooking is as good as yours.
The quality of my cooking is the same as yours.
I can sing as well as you can.
My ability to sing as the same as yours.
There are as many people here today as yesterday.
The number of people today is the same as it was yesterday.
Saying you've forgotten something.
I forgot+noun
I forgot+infinitive
I forgot my bus pass.
I forgot to empty the trash
I don't remember+gerund
I can't remember where+clause
I don't remember turning off the lights.
I can't remember where I put my car keys.
In English we recognize two distinct aspects of past or recent time.
Definite time dictates the use of the Past Simple tense and Indefinite time dictates the use of the Present Perfect tense.
Definite Indefinite

ago yet
yesterday already
last week ever
at 8 o' clock never
the week before last just
in 1997 so far
for two weeks in 1997 until now
when I was young since
after / before for

have seen that movie already.

She has left for California.

They have not eaten their dinner yet.

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