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Russia 5 Themes of Geography
Transcript of Russia 5 Themes of Geography
Longitude 37 degrees
To the North is only the Arctic ocean
To the East is USA
To the South is China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan
To the West is Finland Estonia , Latvia , Poland Places Russian federation stretches across two continents. Europe and Asia
Russia is the largest country in the world.
Climate bitterly cold in winter, because of the cold the country is not very populated.
In Siberia it can get as low as -45 degrees F.The Ural Mts. stretch for 1,500 miles across Russia. Russia is so big it includes 11 time zones. St. Petersburg is a major city in Russia. It was renamed to Leningrad in 1917 to honor Lenin for being the leader of the Russian revolution. It was changed back in 1991 to St. Petersburg by the government. The Kremlin was once the center of government for the entire Soviet Union. In 1991 part of the Soviet Union became independent countries. St. Basil’s cathedral is located in Moscow’s red square. It is a popular tourist destination because of its history and interesting architecture. Russia has been a leader in Literature,Arts and Music. It is home to some of the most famous composers like Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninov and Stravinsky.
The Bolshoi Ballet of Russia and the Kirov Ballet of St. Petersburg are two of the most famous ballet companies in the world.
One of the best ways to see Russia is on the Trans-Siberian Railway. The railway extends from Moscow to the Pacific Coast and takes 6 days. Culture Most people in Russia dress in modern clothes in the cities. Traditional dress is most often used for festivals. In smaller villages many women wear skirts and a shawl to cover their heads and shoulders. In colder regions the men wear fur caps with ear flaps to protect from the bitter temperatures.
Russian children go to school for 10 years. they start at age 6 or 7 and end at 16 or 17.
Russian school promote math and science. Students can also attend music, art or sports after the regular school day. If students completes a 6 to 7 year study of music or art they can apply to a music or art university when they graduate.
People/Environment Chess became popular in Russia as a way to spend long dark winter evenings. Hockey and Soccer are popular sports.
Folk dancing is a popular part of the Russian culture.
Traditional food in Russian meals consists of fish, potatoes, vegetables and bread. Fresh meat and vegetable were once hard to get, but now trade agreements have increased the supply. Borscht a soup made from beets is a traditional food. People/Activities Human Environment Interaction Human- Environment Interaction is how people relate to the physical world. It refers to the relationship between humans and their environment.
Between 1960 and the present time the Aral Sea lost 80% of its water due to irrigation of its feeding rivers.
Pesticides and fertilizers also caused problems to several species of fish, and they have long disappeared from the Sea.
Many diseases got dumped into lakes and windstorm carried them in the air which can cause throat cancer and respiratory diseases. Many people moved to Siberia which can range from -90 to 94 degrees. In the spring the ice and snow melts and causes pools of water which breed Mosquitoes and black flies. Siberia is like the wild west of the US, travel can be hard, dangerous and slow
In 1891 Russia started building the Trans-Siberian railway. It was more than 5,700 miles of tracks and crossed 7 zones. Movement Russia has many ways to get from one place to another.
Airports- 1,213 in use in 2010.
50 Heliports in 2010.
Railways: 87,157 km and 30,000 km of non-common carrier service industries.
Roadways total: 940,000 km Waterways 102,000 km.
72,000 km systems in European Russia link the Baltic Sea, White Sea, Caspian Sea, Sea of Azov and the Black Sea as of 2007. Russia is abundant in natural resources, leaders have found it difficult to properly manage these resources. Challenges like how to transport resources without damaging the environment.
Russia and the Republic have huge reserves of coal, deposits of iron ore, and other metals. The leading producer petroleum deposits are around the Caspian.
Rivers and Lakes- Some of the worlds longest rivers flow through the vast plains of Russia and the Republics.
The crown jewel of Russian lakes is lake Baikal. It is the deepest in the world and holds 20% of the worlds fresh water.
The climate of Russia is a continental climate, The first is a Subarctic climate in the north and eastern. The second is a Semiarid and Desert climate in the far western part of Russia, Regional Resources Vegetation (4 types) Region 1) Tundra- only has mosses, lichens, small herbs, and low shrubs. 2) Forest- Primarily coniferous trees, in some southern part of it there are decidous trees begin to mix with coniferous species. 3) Steppe- Temperate grassland that extends from southern Ukraine through Kazakhstan to the Altay Mountains. In this region the soil is highly fertile and makes the grassland a source of grain. 4) Desert- Occupies the wide plains in the west and central Asia it takes up 230,000 square miles. Economy Russia has undergone significant changes since the collapse of the Soviet Union, moving from a globally isolated, centrally-planned economy to a more market-based globally integrated economy.
Russian industry is primarily split between globally-competitive commodity producers.
In 2009 Russia was the worlds largest exporter of natural gas, second in oil and third exporter of steel and primary aluminum.
A revival in agriculture has changed Russia from a net grain import to a net grain exporter. Telephones- Main lines in use 44.2 million. Mobile phones: 187.5 million
Internet- In Russia Internet hosts 10.382 million in 2010.
Most Russian people live in cities and towns. In the city most people live in high-rise apartments. The apartments are small and some families share kitchen or bathrooms. In towns and villages people usually live in single homes. The grandparents live with the family and take care of the grandchildren.
Interesting Facts Area: 6,592,800 square miles.
Population: 146 million.
Main language: Russian.
Religion: Russian Orthodox, Muslim and others.
Capital city: Moscow.
Government: Federation. More Facts