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Israel Group MENA Project
Transcript of Israel Group MENA Project
Cheif of State: President Shimon Peres
Head of Government: Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu Brief History Before Statehood:
13-12 centuries B.C.-Israel is settled by Israelites.
930 B.C.- Kindom is divided into Judah and Israel.
722-720 B.C.-destroyed by the assyrians
586 B.C- First temple destroyed
332 B.C.- Conquered by Alexander the Great
126-63 B.C.- gained independence under the Hasmonian monarchy.
63 B.C.-313 A.D.- Under the Rule of the Romans
70 A.D.- Second temple destroyed
313-636 - Byzantine rule
636-1099 - under command of Arabs
691- Dome of Rock built
1099-1291 - Crusades
1291-1516 - under the rule of the Mamluks
1517-1917 - Ottoman Empire controls this area
1918-1948 - Under British Rule
State of Israel (1948):
1948- War of independance
1967- 6 day war
1968-1970 - Egypts war of attrition
1973- Yom Kuppur War
1979- Israle/Egypt peace treaty
1998- 50th anniversary since independace
MENA PROJECT Economy In technology, Israel is very advanced. There was a very brief recession in 2008-2009. but Israel was quickly back on its feet. Israel makes money with natural resources (like natural gas) and by producing energy. The GDP is $237 billion. The GDP per capita is $31,500. Israel exports $64.19 billion. The main exports are machinery and equipment, software, cut diamonds, agricultural products, chemicals, textiles and apparel. Israel imports $72.03 billion. The main imports are raw materials, military equipment, investment goods, rough diamonds, fuels, grain, and consumer goods. The currency is shekels. There are 3.5781 shekels in one US dollar. The biggest trade partners are the US, China, Belgium, and a few other countries. OPEC Israel is not a part of OPEC, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Israel is not in any danger of being out of oil, as it buys from other countries. Population The population of Israel is generally increasing slowly. The population of Israel is 7,765,700 people. Most people are children of ages 5-9. Women generally live longer than men. Here is a population pyramid (as of 2010). Israel Physical Geography and Landscape Education Family Recreation Cultural Traditions Environmental Concerns Social Concerns Bibliography Religion https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/is.html
"Education system in Israel", Classbase.com, Link: http://www.classbase.com/countries/Israel/Education-System
"Israel, Tel Aviv: Walworth Barbour American International School in Israel, Inc." US DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Link: http://www.state.gov/m/a/os/1503.htm
"Middle East :: Israel", CIA - The World Factbook, Link: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/is.html
"History of Judaism" Religionfacts.org , Link: http://www.religionfacts.com/judaism/history.htm
"Intermarriage Q&A" Jewish Outreach Institute , Link: http://www.joi.org/qa/denom.shtml
"Historical Timeline of Israel" ContenderMinistries, Link: http://contenderministries.org/middleeast/timeline.php Israel is generally very stable. However, tensions between Israel and other countries have increased. As the economy has been pretty stable lately (especially with the find of an offshore natural gas deposit), social concerns, too, have been minimal. However, some citizens have been protesting the price of housing, and the GDP per capita is decreasing (long-term). These concerns are being addressed. The most popular sport in Israel is association football, or American soccer. Israel has won gold medals in the Olympics in judo, canoeing, and windsurfing. In 2009, an Israeli won the Chess World Cup. Tennis is also popular. Like other nations, Israel faces severe environmental problems today. Among the more important reasons are some positive factors that Israel hopes will continue: rapid population growth; rapid industrialization; and increased affluence which has resulted in a sharp increase in the use of automobiles and other consumer goods. In addition, environmental concerns were largely ignored for many years because of the need to consider security as a top priority. Israeli culture was in development long before the foundation of the State of Israel in 1948 and is a combination of secular-life and religious heritage. Much of the diversity of Israel's culture can be said to come down to the diversity of the Jews who make up Israel. Originating from around the world, they all brought individual cultural rituals from their country, as well as having open horizons which mean that Israeli culture still develops as Israelis see changes in the international world. The culture is also very much based on the history and culture of the Jewish people which developed in different ways over the hundreds of years in which the Jews were in exodus which came together in the ideology of the Zionist movement of the late nineteenth century and which is certainly crucial to understanding modern Israeli culture. Israel's large Arab minority has also left its imprint in many spheres of life, from architecture to local cuisine.
Israeli culture is heterogeneous, dynamic, and very hard to define. Considerable parts of the secular cultural creations is situated in the Tel Aviv area, although many of the official cultural institutions are situated in Jerusalem. But without a doubt, most of the Israeli culture occurs in these areas, with emphasis on Tel Aviv. marriage:Traditionally, in both Arab and Jewish societies, marriages were often arranged, but that is uncommon nowadays. However, there are powerful social taboos against intermarriage, and it is illegal for a Jew to marry a non-Jew in Israel. Those wishing to do so must go abroad for the ceremony. Even within the Jewish community, it is unusual for a very observant Jew to marry someone secular. Divorce is legal, but Orthodox Jewish law applies. According to this statute, men have the power to prevent their ex-wives from remarrying. If the woman enters into another relationship, the courts refuse to recognize it, and any children from such a union are considered illegitimate and themselves cannot marry in the State of Israel.
domestic unit: The most common family unit consists of a nuclear family. In more traditional families, grandparents are sometimes included in this. In the original kibbutz system, the living arrangements were different. Husband and wife lived in separate quarters from their children, who were housed with the other young people. Some kibbutzim still operate in this way, but it is now more common for children to live with their parents, although their days are still spent separately. Israel, lies at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Egypt on the west, Syria and Jordan on the east, and Lebanon on the north. Its maritime plain is extremely fertile. The southern Negev region, which comprises almost half the total area, is largely a desert. The Jordan, the only important river, flows from the north through Lake Hule (Waters of Merom) and Lake Kinneret (also called Sea of Galilee or Sea of Tiberias), finally entering the Dead Sea 1,349 ft below sea level, the world's lowest land elevation.
The main religion in Israel is the Jewish religion. This Religion comprises of the majority of religions in Israel. People of the Jewish faith run 75.6% of the population. In second place are the people of the faith of Islam. Muslims run 16.9% of the population. Christians run only a 2% pitch in the nation of israel. And the rest are less than one percent or are a population of people with no faith at all.
The reason that the Jewish religion dominates the land is primarily because much of the faith's back story takes place here. Their Holy book is the Torah (mostly the old testament of the Christians Holy book, the Bible). Judaism was established by Abraham. The Jews have been kicked out and pushed themeselves back in over and over, again for the idea that Israel (formerly known as Palestine) was there land by God.
Different Sects of Judaism in North America:
Orthodoxy- Traditional Modern;
Reform- Religious Law and Customs are dependant on one's person's judgement.;
Conservative: Largst of the 4 divisions, it conserves tradition while adding new ways of studying its history.
Reconstruction- Views Judaism as a "continual process of evolution" In Israel, children achieve 12 years of education from grades 1-12. However students only must attend from ages 5-16. Grades 1-6 are grouped in the "Primary" section of schooling. After that is middle school, which includes grades 7-9. Grades 10-12 are grouped in the "secondary" school level; which is equivalent to our high school system. After these, you move on to Tertiary-undergrad schooling, then off to Tertiary-Graduate schooling, and the highest level of schooling is Tertiary-doctoral schooling.
Cost: grades 1-5: 22,000; grades 6-8: 23,000; grades 9-12: 25,000. Manny Moreno, Brent Mobbs, Daniel Nakazono