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Pro Capital Punishment
Transcript of Pro Capital Punishment
The first recorded execution in the English American colonies was in 1608 when officials executed George Kendall of Virginia for supposedly plotting to betray the British to the Spanish.
By 1776, most of the colonies had roughly comparable death statutes which covered arson, piracy, treason, murder, sodomy, burglary, robbery, rape, horse-stealing, and slave rebellion. Reformation The first reforms of the death penalty occurred between 1776-1800
Italian jurist, Cesare Beccaria, theorized that there was no justification for the taking of life by the state.
He described the death penalty as a "momentary spectacle, and therefore a less efficacious method of deterring others, than the continued example of a man deprived of his liberty...." In 1846, Michigan became the first state to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
Furman v. Georgia - On June 29, 1972, with a majority of 5-4, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the way capital punishment laws were written, including discriminatory sentencing guidelines, capital punishment was cruel and unusual and violated the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. This effectively ended capital punishment in the United States
Gregg v. Georgia (1976) - the Supreme Court upheld Georgia's newly passed death penalty and said that the death penalty was not always cruel and unusual punishment. by Gabriela Rosado Pro Death Penalty "I support the death penalty. I think that it has to be administered not only fairly, with attention to things like DNA evidence, which I think should be used in all capital cases, but also with very careful attention. If the wrong guy is put to death, then that’s a double tragedy. Not only has an innocent person been executed but the real perpetrator of the crime has not been held accountable for it, and in some cases may be still at large. But I support the death penalty in the most heinous cases." -Al Gore The Evidence Speaks for Itself Capital punishment is not barbaric; it is often a civilized punishment "Why is it barbaric to require that one who violently steals the life of an innocent (or 168 innocents) not be allowed to keep his own? Where is the moral tradition that prescribes life for mass-murderers? How can it be civilizing to tell the world's worst people that no matter how many victims they butcher, no matter what cruelty they inflict on others, the worst that will happen to them is that they will go to prison? Those are questions that abolitionists never answer." - Charles Colson. "Preserving the Dignity of Man. The Case for Capital Punishment". Prison Fellowship Ministries. 2001 Execution by lethal injection has largely replaced other forms of capital punishment, such as electrocution and the cyanide gas chamber, because it is seen as a more humane way of ending a life. An initial drug is used to induce a state of unconsciousness where pain can no longer be registered. Subsequent injections that rapidly stop their breathing and heartbeat occur without their sensing it. Good Point,
But Not Good Enough The death penalty is uncharacteristic of a decent society
Abe Fortas, former U.S. Supreme Court Justice asks,"Why, when we have bravely and nobly progressed so far in the recent past to create a decent, humane society, must we perpetuate the senseless barbarism of official murder?" Executions in 2012: 32
Executions in 2011: 43 Iraqi troops killed: 30,000
Afghan troops killed: 8,587 Risk of executing innocent people undermines death penalty DNA testing increases assurances of guilt; the basis for executions. Some argue that DNA testing has revealed the innocence of some that have been on Death Row, believing it indicates that the system is flawed. Yet, DNA testing cuts in favor of capital punishment, increasing assurances that the guilty are guilty and the innocent are innocent. Life in prison is a greater punishment than the death penalty Loved ones should not have to support a killer in prison The family of the victim will be among the taxpayers that pay for his meals and his cable television. Should he choose to take advantage of college courses the prison may offer, the parents of the victim will be indirectly financing those expenses as well. Capital punishment has a deterrent effect on criminal activities Capital punishment is 100% effective in preventing a murderer from killing again.
The death penalty helps protect inmates and prison guards Life in prison without parole does not protect everyone from a murderer. Instead, it puts fellow inmates as well as prison guards in jeopardy of being assaulted or murdered. Race is not a significant factor in capital punishment cases Since the death penalty was reinstated by the Supreme Court in 1976, white inmates have made up more than half of those under sentence of death.
In 2002, 71 persons in 13 states were executed: 53 were white and 18 were black. U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics One Last Thought... If a public demands capital punishment, and yet a government does not deliver it, the public will likely feel that justice has not been served, which is highly socially damaging. One of the risks is that a public rejects the legitimacy of their judicial system and becomes more prone to flaunting its laws.