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Dealing with terrorists and suspected terrorists

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Elspeth Macintosh

on 25 April 2016

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Transcript of Dealing with terrorists and suspected terrorists

Dealing with terrorists and suspected terrorists
UK
USA
Saudi Arabia
Israel
Pakistan
Russia
Nigeria
CONTEST
http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/dec/15/saudi-arabia-anti-terrorist-alliance-terrorism-muslim
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jan/21/saudi-arabia-isis-riyadh-terror-threat
http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/ATAG/2015/551302/EPRS_ATA%282015%29551302_EN.pdf
Bibliography
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/97994/contest-summary.pdf
http://www.theguardian.com/law/2013/dec/01/uk-terror-law-watchdog-detention-borders-schedule-7
https://www.hrw.org/report/2009/11/24/cruel-britannia/british-complicity-torture-and-ill-treatment-terror-suspects
http://www.dw.com/en/pakistans-counter-terrorism-policy-a-threat-to-democracy/a-18603195
http://www.crisisgroup.org/en/regions/asia/south-asia/pakistan/271-revisiting-counter-terrorism-strategies-in-pakistan-opportunities-and-pitfalls.aspx
http://www.nacta.gov.pk/NAPPoints20.htm
http://www.terrorismanalysts.com/pt/index.php/pot/article/view/61/html
http://www.dawn.com/news/1145995
http://www.internetjournalofcriminology.com/Tabolina%20-%20Counter-terrorism%20in%20Russia.pdf
http://rbth.com/news/2014/09/04/russia_direct_releases_a_new_monthly_report_on_us-russian_counter-terror_39563.html
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/nov/14/israel2
https://theintercept.com/2016/02/05/mahdi-hashi-metropolitan-correctional-center-manhattan-guantanamo-pretrial-solitary-confinement/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guantanamo_force_feeding
https://www.hrw.org/news/2007/03/28/us-sent-guantanamo-detainees-home-torture-russia
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/02/israel-to-detain-west-bank-arson-attackers-without-trial
Notes for dealing with terorrists and suspected terrorists for USA, Nigeria and Saudi Arabia:

Saudi Arabia

holds terrorists and dissidents in Ha'ir prison in desert south of the capital Riyadh.
Beginning of this year, IS threatened to destroy the prison after the execution of 47 men who were mostly convicted Al-Qaeda members
Saudi Arabia has a tough stance on terrorism which contrasts with its reputation
(homeland of Osama Bin Laden, 15 / 19 of the 9/11 hijackers, use of beheadings and other Sharia punishments by the state)
ISIS is a threat to Saudi Arabia
Members of public encouraged to call confidential 990 phone line which gets 180 tips a week about suspected terrorists
About 5% of the population (around 500 000) of Saudi Arabia support ISIS (independent polling)
34 states decided to form a military alliance led by Saudi Arabia to fight terrorism – a number of majority Muslim states in Africa, Asian countries such as Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia, Qatar and Turkey

Criticisms: no defined objectives, no military coordination
Omissions of Iran and Iraq due to Shia majority sees split of Muslim world on matter between Sunni and Shia

Nigeria

Main threat: Boko Haram (islamist terrorist organisation)
Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) between Nigeria, Chad, and Niger reactivated to deal with Boko Haram specifically and Lake Chad Basin Commission states also pledged troops and improved military coordination to fight cause
Contrast of success between dealing with terrorists through conflict and military / incarceration – Nigerian military focuses on countering terrorism through fighting

USA

Terrorists detained in Guantanamo Bay and Metropolitan Correctional Centre (MCC)
The average length of time that defendants in federal terrorism prosecutions spend in solitary confinement prior to trial is 22 months according to a 2014 report by Human Rights Watch.
Amnesty International described pre-trial solitary confinement at MCC as amounting to “cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment”
Obama called to close Guantanamo Bay, Cuba within a year at the beginning of his presidency but still has not succeeded in this
Force-feeding practices at Guantanamo Bay – more than 250 doctors from UK, USA, Germany, Australia, etc condemned US for force feeding hunger strikers.
Force feeding of hunger strikers is regarded as a form of torture by UN Human Rights commission
USA, Nigeria, Saudi Arabia (international prisons / alternatives to prison - dealing with terrosrists and suspected terrorists - international comparison)
Full transcript