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Bon Voyage Travel Agency

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Lydia Taylor

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Bon Voyage Travel Agency

The Tundra...
Did You Know?
The Food Chain
Surrounding Areas and Terrain
Native plants
Food Web
Seasons and Weather Patterns
Tundra Climate
extremely cold all year
milder temperatures in summer as the sun is out twenty four hours a day
cold dry climate
-20/ -30F during winter
in summer can be as high as 40/ 50F
Bon Voyage Travel Agency
Welcome to the Alaskan Tundra!
Also known as the treeless forest or
in Finnish
The tundra biome can be found anywhere above the tree line in places like Russia, Canada, Greenland, and Alaska. The Alpine Tundra encompasses much of east central Alaska.
In Alaska, the tundra can be found everywhere.
varies by season and location
usually 6/10 inches per year
mostly rain, snow, sleet, etc.
Average Temperatures
varies greatly by regions and seasons
Anchorage: ranges from 21/ 64F
Extreme Temperatures
100F in June 1915, Fort Yukon, Alaska
Petersburg January 1981 -80F
summer: sun doesn't set
winter: sun doesn't rise
seasons are winter and summer
June, July, August: summer, rain, warm
December- March: cold winter
October, November, April: cold, precipitation
May and September: drier (fewer tourists)
a variety of 400 different plant species
only about 48 different animal species
covers 20% of the earth
24 hours of daylight during summer months
above the tree line
least inhabited by humans
large role in keeping global temperatures stable
boating, hiking, exploring wildlife, and touring glaciers are all available
fishing, camping, Mt. McKinley, plane rides, and national parks can be enjoyed as well
seeing native art, villages, and taking heritage tours are also options
Tundra Characteristics
not found in any other biome but are most common plant in tundra
red berries, green leaves, and hairy stems
found close to ground
Labrador Tea
red leaves and hairy stems
no animals eat this plant
Native Animals
Rock ptarmigan
pure white coat of feathers in winter
spotted brown coat in summer
black head and neck with red area around he eye
thick brown and white coats
hooves to dig through snow
few trees, snow, ice, tundra grass, glaciers, mountains, blizzards, islands
southeast : mountains, fishing
south central: metropolitan center
interior: gold industry, Koyukon Athabascans (indian tribe)
south western: Aleutian islands, Aleutian Eskimos, mountains, volcanoes
western: fishing, small villages, many bodies of water
arctic: "Top of the World", national parks, wildlife reserves, Eskimo villages
Aquatic Arctic Moss
tiny roots called rhiziods
slow growth, long lifespan
fungi and algae combined
main food if caribou
Arctic Willow
shallow roots
tiny hairs on leaves
Tuff saxifrage
flowers are bell shaped when opening
star shaped when blooming
only bloom in March and June
helpful to humans
small furry rodent
primary consumer
Snowy Owl
lemmings, small birds, eggs
Arctic Fox
birds, lemmings, tundra voles
Arctic Tern
fish, krill, squid, insects
rodent, long tail, thick fur
Arctic Fungi
low to ground
neutral color
found during summer
Slime Molds
grow on ground like moss
variety of colors
Round Worms
Carrion Beetles
flat bodies, antennae
small legs
neutral colors
Snow Algae
Plant like
lives under glacier ice
Arctic Willow
grows close to ground (avoid winds)
shallow roots (permafrost)
red leaves (soak up sun)
Purple Saxifrage
grows in clumps to trap warm air and escape cold
thick coat of brown fur
good climbers
Slim to fit into lemming burrows
fast to escape predators
Endangered Species
Eskimo Curlew
could be extinct
last seen 1996 in Manitoba, Canada
unapproved hunting, loss of food and habitat
Wood Bison
hunting and changes in habitat
Polar Bear
global warming= loss of habitat
Arctic Fox
fur trade, hunting
population is recovering
Food Web
The Alaskan Tundra hold many exciting experiences! We hope you will consider traveling to Alaska with the Bon Voyage Travel Agency!

Happy Travels!
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