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Major Art Movements Timeline

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Scarlett Pennington

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Major Art Movements Timeline

By Scarlett Pennington Major Art Movements Impressionism 1870-1890 Expressionism Franz Marc February 8, 1880 – March 4, 1916 Der Blaue Reiter Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich 1912 Tiger Franz Marc was born in 1880 in Munich. He came from an artist background with his father being a landscape painter. He had a rocky love life, but his life in general was short lived for he died at the age of 36. He helped form Marc's style was comprised of natural subjects, primarily animals. He also used colors to represent different ideas and themes. , which was a German expressionist group. Hans am Ende December 31, 1864 - July 9, 1918 Hans am Ende helped create an artist colony in Worspede, Germany with other various artists. He died during his service in World War I, due an injury he sustained. Birken am Moorgraben 1896 Post Impressionism 1892 Otto Müller November 21, 1898 - December 9, 1979 Otto Müller born in Halle, Germany in 1898. In the early stages of his budding interest in art, he attended night classes for drawing and painting at the Staatliche Städtische Handwerkerschule. Later on in life he would be greatly influenced by his teachers and classmates at another school he would attend called Burg Giebichenstein Academy of Arts and Crafts. He was a lithographer during this time, after being deemed unfit to take up the occupation of being an electrician. He also was a pacifist due to his experiences serving in WWI. In the Loge Realism 1850-1880 Wilhelm von Kobell April 6, 1766 – July 15, 1853 Wilhelm was born in Mannhiem in 1766. His work was mostly based around observed scenes going on in nature, landscapes, and battle scenes. He both studied art in school and travel in excess. He was most influenced by Dutch art. The Siege of Cosel 1808 Art Noveau/Jugendsti Hermann Obrist May 23, 1862 – February 26, 1927 Hermann was a sculptor who was born in 1862 in Zürich, Germany. A prominent figure in the Art Noveau/Jungendstil movement. He also dabbled in working with textiles. A Fountain by Hermann Obrist Fauvism Morton Livingston Schamberg (October 15, 1881 – October 13, 1918 Morton was born on October 15, 1881 in Philadelphia. He hails from a German Jewish family. He initially earned a degree in architecture but decided to pursue painting instead. He did portraits and landscapes in his paintings, but also dabbled in architecture and photography to earned money as well in his career. Telephone 1916 Cubism 1907 Joseph Csaky March 18, 1888 – May 1, 1971 Joseph was born in Budapest, Hangary in 1888. He took an imediate interest in sculpting and decide proceed with that passion through his studies. He went school in Budapest but eventually left to pursue a more exciting life in Paris. He lived through both World Wars, and his style changed along as he did. Head 1913 Futurism Paul Klee December 18, 1879 – June 29, 1940 Born in Münchenbuchsee, Switzerland, Paul Klee was a multi-talented individual. he mastered several styles of art including surrealism, expressionism, cubism, Bauhaus, and futurism. He is Swiss and German. Also part of Der Blaue Reiter . Highways and Byways 1929 Dada Max Ernst April 2, 1891 – April 1, 1976 Max Ernst was born in Brühl, and was one of nine children. He visited asylums for inspiration as a budding artist. He also looked to Van Gogh for inspiration. The picture on the right is with his thrid wife Dorothea Tanning. Ubu Imperator 1923 Surrealism Alfred Otto Wolfgang Schulze a.k.a "Wols" May 27, 1913 – September 1, 1951 Alfred was born in Belrin 1913, he was born into a well off family. He was both a photographer and a painter. He was also friends with Max Ernst, who, along with being a Dadaist, was also a Surrealist as well. He escaped Germany after being interned for a bit by the Nazis during WWII. Bauhaus was an art school founded by Walter Gropiu, or the school of building. Bauhaus Constructivism Hans Richter Part Der Blaue Reiter and Co-Found the Association of Revolution Artists. Influenced by cubism. His film Rhythmus 21 is considered an important abstract film as well. April 6, 1888 – February 1, 1976 Abstract Expressionism 1919 Hans Hartung September 21, 1904 - December 7, 1989 Hans was born in Leipzig, Germany and was part of a family of artist descent. He traveled throughout his life, but the impetus was to avoid provicilism in his work. The Nazis considered him a "degenerate artist" and kept a close eye on him. He also lost a leg fighting for the French Foriegn Legion. Modernism 19th - 20th Century Immanuel Kant Immanuel was the "first real modernist" in terms of literary merit. He was a German philosopher and his best known work is called "A Critique of Pure Reason". His works were considered very influentual. April 22, 1724 – February 12, 1804 Post Modernism Friedrich Nietzsche October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900 Friedrich was a multi-faceted writer that dabbled in both philosophy and poetry. He also wrote the "Übermensch" which has to do with super human/being above the regular functioning human capacity. There are also many visible connections between this work and the work "Crime and Punishment" which talks about this idea. He died tertiary syphilis. 1890-1940
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