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The Constitutional Convention of 1787

Unit 1
by

Catherine Farrar

on 3 October 2014

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Transcript of The Constitutional Convention of 1787

The Constitutional Convention of 1787
The Constitutional Convention was a series of meetings that took place in the summer of 1787 in Philadelphia.
Purpose?
Major Compromises of the Constitutional Convention
1. The Great Compromise - was about state representation
in the new federal Congress
The Great Compromise -
created a bicameral Congress.
House of Representatives
Why is it important?
The purpose was to write a new constitution after the Articles of Confederation had been thrown out because the federal gov't was too weak (or the states were too strong).
This is one of the most important events in American history because this is where the rules for our country are written. Once you write the rules, you have to follow them!
2 Points of View
The Virginia Plan
The New Jersey Plan
wanted representation
to be based on
population.
wanted representation
to be based on
equality.
Independence Hall
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Senate
based on population
census taken every 10 years
representatives serve for 2 years
each state gets 2 senators
senators serve for 6 years
2. The 3/5ths Compromise
Major Compromises of the Constitutional Convention
- was about whether to count slaves as property or people.
Southern states refused to debate slavery at the Constitutional Convention. They threatened to leave the United States if it was brought up for discussion. By not talking about slavery, the Founding Fathers just pushed this divisive, difficult decision down the road. Later, as new states enter the union, the slavery issue pops up over and over again which leads the nation into civil war in 1861.
For every 5 slaves, 3 will be counted in the population for purposes of representation.
Major Compromises of the Constitutional Convention
3. The Bill of Rights
- Anti-Federalists refused to ratify the new Constitution unless it included protections for personal liberties.
The Bill of Rights limits the federal gov't; it basically says what the government CAN'T do.
The Connecticut Plan
Full transcript