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Six States of Matter

solids, liquids, gasses, condensates and plasma
by

Beth Shobe

on 26 September 2014

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Transcript of Six States of Matter

What's the Matter?
Anything that has mass & volume
Definition
Mass
Volume
takes up space
Condensates
Most recently "discovered"
atoms almost stop moving and form super atoms
very low energy
close to 0 Kelvin (absolute zero)
only exist in labs
superconductors or superfluids
2 Types
Bose-Einstein
Fermionic
Examples
Six states of Matter.
To change a substances physical state, just add or take away energy.
Solid
Tightly packed atoms vibrate in place
definite volume
definite shape
Adds energy, atoms speed up and move apart
Liquid
atoms flow and change position
Definite Volume
takes the shape of its container
Gas
Plasma
Removes energy;
atoms slow down & get closer
liquid to solid
Removes Energy, atoms slow down and get closer
Evaporation/
Vaporization
energy is added
electrons are separated from the atoms
electrons are separated from atoms
Ions
highest energy
can be weighed
even if it is very small and doesn't weigh much
indefinite volume
indefinite shape
takes the shape of its container
atoms move rapidly in
random directions
Atoms lose energy and slow down;
electrons attach to atoms
When gasses instantly become solids
When a solid becomes a gas without melting
Deposition
Freezing /
Solidification
Condensation
Melting
Energy is added and atoms move faster & farther apart
Sublimation
Ionization
Deionization
Mrs. Shobe & Mrs. Walker
Click the arrow at the bottom to move forward, click on any area of the screen to see that part more closely

Properties
Physical
chemical
without having to change it in a reaction
describe matter also
used to identify an unknown substance
describes how a substance will react
texture
Luster, color
Odor, taste
state of matter & phase change temperatures
pH
solubility
Extrinsic measurements
special
properties
UV light
magnetic
granule
crystal
boiling pt
melting point
dull
metallic
shiny
translucent
transparent
opaque
freezing point
insoluble
soluble
powder
pellet
avoid opinion! Use comparisons.
acid
base
volume
mass
length
ductillity
malleability
density
99% of all of the matter in the universe is made of plasma!

created by lightning
found in neon lights, the sun, televisions, fluorescent bulbs

Superconductors have no electrical resistance and repel and lock magnetic fields. They can carry an electric current forever with no losses of power


superfluids have zero viscosity so they have no friction and can flow up and out of containers through the lids!
Full transcript