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Copy of Copy of God

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David Crossland

on 27 April 2016

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of God

God the Creator
AS - Religious Studies
Philosophy Paper - Topics
Syllabus
Creation Out of Nothing
Introduction into Genesis
What do you understand by 'God'?
Philosophers and God
Understanding God
Mr Crossland
God the Creator
The Goodness of God
The Teleological Argument
The Moral Argument
The Problem of Evil
Candidates should be able to demonstrate
knowledge and understanding of:

• the way the Bible presents God as involved
with his creation;

• the imagery of God as a craftsman;

• the concepts of omnipotence, omniscience
and omnipresence;

• the concept of ‘creatio ex nihilo’.

Candidates should be able to:
• compare this view with Aristotle’s Prime
Mover;

• discuss whether, if God created the universe,
God is therefore responsible for everything
that happens in it.

Candidates should be able to discuss these
areas in a critical manner
Most theists believe that God creates the world out of_________
(Latin -Ex Nihilo)
Before God's act of ____________ the world is described as a _________
void (Genesis 1:2)
All that is needed to create the universe is the will of ________
Although the idea of creation ex nihilo is accepted in Christianity there are some hints in early biblical writings that God was originally pictured as a ___________ shaping the world from preexisting matter
This view is shared by __________ who said that God's control of the waters is 'simple a job of work'. Day based this statement on _______
104;26
God is that which nothing greater can be conceived
(Anselm)

God is nothing, there is nothing that is God
(Gareth Moore)

God is the ground of our being
(Paul Tillich)

God is omnipotent, omniscient, omnibenevolent and eternally good
(Classical Theism)

Clearly God is understood by people in different ways. However often these people prescribe certain attributes to God.
Brian Davies 'The word God has been understood in different ways. So you should not assume... that discussions as to what God is are always proceeding on a set of shared assumptions when it comes to the nature of the divine'
.
It is the first book of the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses.
Although parts of the book are attributed to Moses, most is written by anonymous scribes. The ‘editor’ has drawn material from two different sources, the Priestly source (c. 5th Century BC) and the Yahwist source (c. 8th Century BC).
It is part of the oral tradition.
Book is divided into two sections – Chaps.. 1-11 deal with the beginning of man’s history and 12-50 the beginnings of Israel’s history.
It is considered to be divinely inspired.
The book is thought of as an example of Wisdom literature and is therefore poetic in its outlook, as are the Psalms. This is significant when addressing the nature of myth and truth.

God the Creator
In the Bible God is described as creator. This idea is not questioned.

Biblical passages that describe God as the creator include Genesis, Job 38, Psalms and Isaiah. The Apostles Creed also states 'I believe in God, the Father almighty, creator of heaven and earth.'

By describing God as the creator Christians mean that:
God causes the universe to exist
God is responsible for the universe coming into existence and existing at every moment
God is responsible for everything which exists within the universe
Video...
Learning Task
Use your own knowledge and reading to complete the vocabulary task.
Then go on to consider the philosophical problems these qualities raise -
Think
After Ten Minutes
Pair
Then we will
Share!
Reading Genesis
There are two creation stories
Both contained in Genesis
In your pairs read these and answer the comprehension questions
We will go over this in the second part of the lesson.
God as Creator
Monotheistic
Shema 'O Hear o Israel, the Lord is one, the lord is God'
God creates the universe in 6 days, rests on the seventh.
God creates light, darkness, stars, sun, fish in the sea, birds, animals and finnally humans
.
The world is created by God's breath/wind (ruah). This links to the logos (word/wisdom) described in the Gospel of John.

Thomas Aquinas pointed out that God causes everything to exist.
After seven days the writer of Genesis expects the reader to visualize a complete universe.
This is Theism as opposed to Deism. God remains involved in creation.
Debate exists over whether the creation story is meant to be taken literally or is it a myth.
Genesis 1
Mr Bowles
Plato and the Analogy of the Cave
Aristotle
The Ontological Argument
The Cosmological Argument
The Challenge of Science
In your Pairs - I would like you to construct a mind map around the word God.
Think of words that describe him (Attributes)
Concepts
Activities
Behaviour of others to him

The Two Creation Stories
Although both accounts of the creation story in Genesis recount the same story there are
important differences
between the two.

This is because both accounts were written at
different times.
The first creation story is now attributed to the source now known as the
priestly source
, and is believed to have originated in
Mesopotamia.
The second source is attributed to a
Yahwist
source, and is much older in Judaism, and therefore more primitive

The
Genesis 1 account is more structured
and defines the number of days God took to create everything. The
Genesis 2 account lacks this detail,
there is no mention of creation of the firmament or the sun, moon and stars.

One of the most frequently noted differences between the two accounts is the
sequence of creation.
In the first creation account, all the plants and animals are created before man, both male and female who are created together (not necessarily one of each). In the second creation account, God creates a man, Adam, then plants a garden and creates the animals, then finally creates Eve


Why Differences?
The second creation stories focus is
on revealing humans place in creation.
Humans are made in the image of God; as such they are revealed to be the most important aspect of creation.

Psalm 8:5-6
also reveals humans place in creation. Humans are clearly at the top of the
hierarchy
.

Despite humans importance in creation God remains in
charge of his creation
. This is demonstrated when he throws Adam and Eve out of the Garden of Eden
Other Biblical passages that refer to God as Creator
The God that is revealed in Genesis sets the scene for the rest of the Bible. Genesis and the text that follows shows who God is and who we are in relation to him.

In subsequent biblical passages God, the creator, calls the Patriachs, promises them a land. When they disobey, he controls history in order to bring about his plans
Research - Look up these biblical passages what do they have to say about God as creator
Psalm 104
Job 38
Isaiah 40

Psalm,

Creation,

Nothing
,
Formless
,
John Day,

God,

Craftsman,

Anthropomorphism
Christians believe that God's true nature is incomprehensible. As such people used human like images to describe God. This is known as Anthropomorphic (human like). These descriptions of God are supposed to reveal something about his true nature.

In particular
Job 38
describes God as an
expert builder
(analogy) here he is referred to as a craftsman. While throughout
Isiah 40: 20-23
God is shown as being in charge of creation. Here God sits above the earth and has te power to reduce princes to nothing. In Genesis 2 God making Adam from dust is likened to a potter shaping clay.

The creativity of God contrasts with the unmoved mover of Aristotle. The christian concept of God is that He is not at all unmoved; rather God takes an interest in things he has made. He is like a craftsman working with materials in order to achieve a desired result.
Creation and Myth
(1) What is a myth? What matters in a myth?

(2)What do myths communicate and how does the creation stories fufil this criteria?

(3)Explain the example of King Arthur?

(4) Outline the three reasons that suggest the creation story in Genesis is a myth and not literally true?

(5) Why is the word breath/spirit important?

(6) What is a creationist?

(7) What else might have influenced the creation story?

(8)Summarise the Dates Do Not Matter section?
Full transcript