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John Fitzgerald KENNEDY
Transcript of John Fitzgerald KENNEDY
He was born on May 29, 1917, in Brookline, Massachusetts. His father, Joseph P. Kennedy, was ambassador to Great Britain from 1937 to 1940.
Kennedy married on Sept. 12, 1953, to Jacqueline Lee Bouvier, by whom he had three children: Caroline, John Fitzgerald, Jr. (died in a plane crash in 1999), and Patrick Bouvier (died in infancy).
On November 22, 1963, while visiting Dallas, Texas, Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald. At 46 years old, Kennedy became the fourth president to be assassinated and the eighth to die in office.
When he died, Lyndon Johnson, his vice-president took over.
Kennedy was graduated from Harvard University in 1940 and joined the navy (marine) the next year. He became skipper of a PT boat that was sunk (couler) in the Pacific by a Japanese destroyer. Although given up for lost, he swam to a safe island, towing an injured enlisted man.
Kennedy entered politics in 1946 and was elected to Congress.When he was 43 years old, Kennedy defeated Richard Nixon for the Presidency. He became the 35th president of the United States, he served from 1961 to 1963. He was democrat. Kennedy was the first Roman Catholic to become president, and was also the youngest person elected president. Kennedy was a hero during the World War II (seconde guerre mondiale).
During that time he advanced the U.S. space program and set the goal of putting Americans on the moon. Kennedy also supported civil rights (droit civil) for African-Americans, and helped established the Peace Corps. In 1957 Kennedy won the Pulitzer Prize for a book he had written earlier, "Profiles in Courage".