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MAIC 5050: Representation (Part 2)

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Nicole Cox

on 23 April 2017

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Transcript of MAIC 5050: Representation (Part 2)

MAIC 5050:

Gender, Race, and Representation (Part 2)

Reflection Hypothesis
Theory of Symbolic Annihilation
Utilizing feminist and gender studies, we have learned that sex-roles for males can equally constricting...
Additional characteristics to consider:

* Relationships/ home life
* Happiness depends on relationships
* Career vs. family
Argues that mass media
reflect
dominant social values…
when someone or something is condemned, trivialized, or completely absent from mass media depictions.
Victimization isn't just about "real world" crime...it's also about media's perpetuation of violence against women as okay.
As of 2013, men were
quoted 3.4 times more often than women
in news stories.

....women represent
19%
of news sources, overall.

News diversity is even worse when we factor in
race
....
Production Concerns...

In the 250 top-grossing domestic films, women accounted for only 16% of upper-level production staff.
Production Concerns...
Of the 565 directors of the 500 top-grossing films, only
33
directors were African American, and only
two
of those were women.
When it comes to pay, the findings are equally grim.
We see the hypersexualization of women, and their
victimization
as a popular trope in entertainment and news programming.
Ultimately, there is a disparity between popular rhetoric regarding the status of women and women's empowerment, and the
reality
of women's status.
Argues that mass media
reflect
dominant social values… what we see in mass media are reflections of what are important to us
Femininity as bodily property
The sexualization of culture
From sex object to desiring sexual subject
Individualism, choice, and empowerment
Self surveillance and discipline
The reassertion of sexual difference
Irony and knowingness
Problem?
Feminism and anti-feminism
Rick Ross: “Put Molly all in the champagne. She ain't even know it. I took her home and I enjoy that. She ain't even know it.”

Lil Wayne: “Beat that pussy up like Emmett Till.”

Tyga: “Money ain’t a thing to the Young Money gang baby. Our navy, our ate and leave and rape your lady or maybe take more whores, show me your titty.”

Eminem: “Heard of me before, see whore, you're the kind of girl that I'd assault and rape. ..F*ck you with an umbrella, then open it up while the sh*t's inside ya."

Chief Keef: "You aint gonna let me f*ck and I feel you, but you gone suck my d*ck or I’ll kill you."

Tyler the Creator: "Rape a pregnant bitch and tell my friends I had a threesome...you call this shit rape but I think that rape’s fun...Gorgeous, baby, you’re gorgeous. I just wanna drag your lifeless body to the forest and fornicate with it but that’s because I’m in love with you."

Too Short: "You fuck with us, bitch, something gettin' broken-- Your leg, arm, jaw, nose, pick a part."

Prodigy: “Smack my bitch up”

Sublime: “Come on babe it’s your lucky day. Shut your mouth, were gonna do it my way. Come on baby don’t be afraid. If it wasn’t for date rape I’d never get laid.”

The Mentors: “Oh gettin’ my urge up. She looks so sexy. Long fingernails,short little skirt. Can’t hold back any longer. Can’t stop myself. Ha, ha, ha, ha, rape, rape, rape, rape, rape, take charge.”

Bad Company: “Well, I take whatever I want, and baby, I want you.”
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/lindsay-ferrier/heres-proof-that-tween-girl-halloween-costumes-are-way-too-sexed-up_b_6062460.html?ncid=fcbklnkushpmg00000063
(This is lower than it was in 1998 and 2012)
Don't really expect to see this (literally)
But we are taught to value this
Men are
quoted 3.4 times more often than women
in news stories. ...Even when it comes to issues that directly affect women…women are still excluded.
...values found in media are
symbolic representations
of American society, not literal portrayals.
= intersectionality (aka Interlocking forms of oppression)
...But the same can be said for men, as signaled by the
crisis in masculinity.



The social, political, and economic gains of women have left many men feeling emasculated, helpless, and anxious about their roles in society.
Hegemonic Masculinity=

1.) Physical force and control
2.) Occupational Achievement
3.) Familial Patriarchy
4.) Frontiersmanship
5.)
Heterosexuality
Argument=
Homophobia (and heterosexuality) keeps men exaggerating all of the "traditional" characteristics of masculinity.

(Hypermasculinity, violent masculinity, white supremacity capitalist patriarchy, macho masculinity, etc.)
This version of masculinity is not at the margins of society, it is at the CENTER. We see it demonstrated all the time...
Masculinity is a relentless test by which men must
prove

to other men,

women, and themselves that they have

successfully mastered manhood
.


....eating the other=
* women are primitive and exotic-- to be eaten, consumed (by men), and forgotten...men are in pain and voiceless (crisis).
Hegemonic masculinity is constricting and harmful to men, women, and society writ large.
Critical media scholars argue that this type of sexism hurts men, too.
Full transcript