Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

1000 - Class 6

No description
by

Kelly Blidook

on 24 September 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of 1000 - Class 6

Law
Posc 1000 - Intro to Political Science
1. Statute: particular piece of legislation (I.e. bill on food labeling)
Legislation
Rules of conduct developed over time and enforceable
(written and unwritten)

Evolutionary
Customary Law
Law that transcends the state and the will of the sovereign
Natural law
Public Law: creates agencies of the state and controls the relations between the state and its subjects (constitution, criminal law)

Private Law: controls relations between individuals

2 systems of Private Law in Canada : Common Law and Civil Law (Quebec)
Types of Law
Parliament grants authority to other body:
Orders in Council: Formal decisions of the Prime Minister & Cabinet

Regulations: Rules created by a minister of a government department or by an independent agency

By-law: passed by local (or non-independent) government
Delegated Legislation
Consciously formulated and deliberately constructed law (codified)
Legislation
Civil Law: all law is codified

Common law: specific to abstract interpretation

Civil law: abstract to specific interpretation

In Canada, Common Law is practiced in all provinces except Quebec.
Civil versus Common Law
Habit gradually merges with custom as social forces come more into play


Norms
Custom
A purely personal rule of conduct OR repeated behaviour
Habit
Rights that all human beings are supposed to enjoy simply by virtue of being human
I.e. Freedom of religion, freedom from torture and arbitrary imprisonment
Considered “Natural” in some societies
Human Rights
An order in the universe that creates certain principles of conduct binding on all human beings, at all times, wherever they live
God
Morals
Instinct
Natural Law
The sum of a vast number of cases decided by English courts since the Middle Ages (precedents)

Derives from custom

Rule of "stare decisis": to stand by what is decided, OR to follow precedent
Common Law
The four “R”s

Retribution: Punishment

Restitution: Compensation

Rehabilitation: Change

Restraint: Deterrence
Enforcement of Law in Society
A rule of human conduct that is enforced by the community, by means of coercion and violence, if necessary
A rule or regularity
Law
2. Code: comprehensive set of interrelated rules (Criminal Code)

Usually made by a representative assembly (I.e. Parliament in Canada)
Full transcript